This section is from the book "Cyclopedia Of Architecture, Carpentry, And Building", by James C. et al. Also available from Amazon: Cyclopedia Of Architecture, Carpentry And Building.

1. On what part of the square will you find the octagon scale? Describe its use.

2. On what part of the square will you find the brace rule? Describe its use.

3. On what part of the square would you look for the board measure? Describe its use.

4. What is meant by the pitch of a roof?

5. What is meant by a bevel in roof framing?

6. Draw a diagram of a roof, indicating thereon the ridge, common rafters, jack rafters, hips, valleys, plate.

7. How would you lay out a pentagon by means of the square? A hexagon? Illustrate with diagrams.

8. How, with a square, would you find the miter of an equilateral triangle? Of a hexagon? Illustrate with diagrams.

9. What are meant by plumb cut and heel cut? Draw a diagram to illustrate.

10. Show how to lay out the heel cut of a common rafter.

11. Draw diagrams illustrating use of the square in finding the relative length of run for rafters and hips. Explain.

12. Show how to apply the square to a hip or valley timber to cut the bevel that will fit the top end against the ridge.

13. Describe the application of the square in finding the relative height of a hip or valley per foot of run, to that of the common rafter. Draw a diagram.

14. Describe a method of finding the bevels for purlins in equal-pitch roofs.

15. Describe, with diagram, the use of the square in cutting the back bevel to fit a jack rafter against the side of a hip or valley.

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