This section is from the book "Cyclopedia Of Architecture, Carpentry, And Building", by James C. et al. Also available from Amazon: Cyclopedia Of Architecture, Carpentry And Building.
Division of Work.
Work to be Done.
Delivery of Materials.
Laying Out the Work.
Assist Other Contractors.
Drawings and Specification.
Ownership of Old Material.
Terms of Payment.
Time for Completion.
Alterations and Shoring-
Shoring. Raising. New Openings.
Demolition and Removal -
Ownership of Old Material. Removal of Old Material.
Excavation and Grading -
(If there is much change of level it is advisable to have a surveyor lay out the finished grades.)
Footings below Frost.
(If possible, have the scheme of grading laid out before beginning to build, in order that the earth excavated from the cellar may, with one handling, be carried to the proper location to carry out the scheme.)
Cement - Sand - Aggregate. Mixing.
Reinforcing Materials.. Blocks - Beams - Forms.
Brick Laying -
Rough Fireplace Openings.
Terra Cotta -
Lime and Sand Mortar.
Interior Marble Work.
Bathroom. Walls - Floors. Plumbing Marble.
Coal-Hole Cover. Stable Fittings.
Tree Guards. Wheel Guards.
Tar and Gravel
Slate. Valley. Flashings. Snow Guards.
Window Weights and Cord.
Interior Finish Pine.
" Natural. " " for Paint.
Closets. Refrigerators. Mantels. Stairs.
Special Hardware for Casement
Windows. House Number. Blind Fixtures. Screen.
Quality of Lead.
" Varnish. Colors. Putty. Whitewash.
Number of Coats for Each Material. Finish.
Interior Walls. Plumbing Pipes.
Plate - Double-Thick; Single-Thick.
Stained - Ribbed; Wire Glazing; Cleaning.
Laying out Work.
Cold- and Hot-Air Ducts.
Piping and Hangers.
Refrigerator Waste. Back-Air Pipes. Fresh-Air Inlet.
Pipes. Tests. Outlets.
Stove Connection. Gas Machine. Gas Logs.
General Description of Scheme.
The above lists as given are not intended to be in any sense so complete as to be a sufficient guide to work in all buildings. They are inserted to illustrate the scheme often used in offices where the specification writer is somewhat unfamiliar with the work already laid out on the drawings. Practice differs so radically, and the range of building is so wide, that a comprehensive list covering all the multiplicity of questions that arise in connection with buildings, would be cumbersome. But, following the lines above laid out, each specification writer can rapidly accumulate what he needs in his particular line; and the operation of seeking for new items of importance in practice will be a source from which much valuable information and experience will be obtained.
Before proceeding further, the reader should prepare a schedule following the above lines, but should specify under each heading at least double the number of sub-items mentioned.
He should also write a description of the character of work referred to by each heading, these descriptions each to contain approximately one hundred words. For instance, under the head of "Heat-ing," a statement along lines similar to those given below would 'J the requirements.