The use of a regular Classic letter for any purpose necessitates the reversion to and the study of actual Classic examples for spacing and composition. In using this letter in a pen-drawn design, certain changes must be made in adapting it from the incised stone-cut form - which variations are, of course, practically the reverse of those required in first adapting the letter for use in stone. The same letter for stone incision requires, in addition, a careful consideration of the nature of the material, and the spacing and letter section that it allows. Also the effect of a letter in the inscription in place must be carefully studied its height above or below and relation to the eye of the observer. The fact is that the letter form must in this case be determined solely by the light and shadow cast by the sun on a clear, bright day, or diffused more evenly on a cloudy one. If in an interior location its position in regard to light and view-point is even more important, as the conditions are less variable.

Fig. 21. Study for Lettering on Granite Frieze of Boston Public Library, McKim, Mead & White, Architects.

Fig. 21. Study for Lettering on Granite Frieze of Boston Public Library, McKim, Mead & White, Architects.