LUMBER

Dimension spruce lumber up to 9 inches of depth will cost at present per M., board measure. $26.00

10-inch stock, per M.

30.00

For long lengths, add per M.

2.00

Hemlock boarding

24.00

Spruce boarding

25.00

Spruce boarding matched

27.00

Spruce upper floor

45.00

Extra shingles

4.00

Clear shingles

3.50

Spruce clapboards

50.00

Siding cypress

30.00

Drop or novelty siding

55.00

Laths

5.00

Georgia pine timbers 12 in.

35.00

Georgia pine timbers 14 in.

40.00

Georgia pine timbers 16 in.

50.00

FLOORS AND FINISH

Georgia pine, heart face rift

$70.00

Georgia pine. common rift

45.00

Maple flooring

$ 55.00

Quartered oak flooring 125.00 to

150.00

North Carolina pine, rift stock

40.00

North Carolina pine, slash stock

33.00

FINISH

Georgia pine

$ 45.00

Cypress No. 1

80.00

Cypress No. 2

75.00

Oak, plain

90.00

Oak, quartered

120.00

Birch

65.00

Whitewood

52.00

Ash

55.00

Elm

40.00

INSIDE DOOR FRAMES

2 ft. 8 in. x 6 ft. 8 in.

$1.00

2 ft. 10 in. x 6 ft. 8 in.

1.10

3 ft. 0 in. x 7 ft. 0 in.

1.15

For transom bars add

.75

Calculating the Frame. In taking off the rough frame of a house for the purposes of estimating, the most accurate method is to take a schedule of every piece of timber from the framing plans, but as it often happens that the estimates are asked for from the general drawings, before framings are made, it has become the custom in many sections to estimate the cost of the walls and floors by the square of 100 superficial feet, making separate allowance for sills, girders, plates, and other large timbers.

If it is desired to take off the frame separately in the absence of framing plans the following data may be of use.

The sills of an ordinary house will usually be from 6 in. x 6 in. to 6 in. x 10 in., girders from 6 in. x8 in. to 8 in. x 10 in., and floor joists from 2 in. x 8 in. to 3 in. x 12 in. generally 16 in. on centers. Wall studding of outside frame and bearing partitions will usually be 2 in. x 4 in. - 16 in. on centers. Studding of closets and light walls will usually be 2 in. x 3 in., plates 4 in. x 4 in. and 4 in. x 6 in., sometimes two 2 in. x 4 in. doubled, rafters from 2 in. x 6 in. to 2 in. x 12 in. and 18 in. to 24 in. on centers.

In taking off the frame, the sills and plates will of course be measured by the linear feet in the outside wall. The position of the main bearing partitions will usually give the number and location of the girders. Studs are doubled at openings and at corners, and fireplaces and stair openings will call for timbers of a large size, say from 6 in. to 8 in. width.

Assuming that the joists are 16 in. on centers, the number of joists on a floor will be given by taking § of the length of the building in feet, and adding one joist. The number of studs in the outside frame at 16 in. on centers may be found by taking 3/4 of the number of lineal feet in the outside of the building, adding one stud for each corner, and one for each door and window. To this must be added any gables or bay windows or other projections. Three quarters of the number of lineal feet of partitions will give the number of studs in the inside frame at 16 in. on centers. This allows for doubling of studs at openings and corners.

For the number of rafters take the length of the building divided by the distance of the rafters apart and add 1, this gives the number of pairs of rafters if a plain gable roof, while the number of rafters in a hip roof can be found by dividing the whole distance around the building by the distance apart.

Cost of Frame. Spruce lumber is generally used for framing, but Georgia pine must sometimes be used for large girders.

The cost of spruce lumber is from $26.00 to $28.00 per M. for sizes 9 in. and under; $30.00 for 10 in. stock, with a corresponding increase for large sizes. Hard pine lumber, 12 in. and under, will cost $35.00 per M.; 14 in. sizes $40.00; 16 in. sizes $50.00, and so on. Hard pine from the South by shipload will cost about $5 00 less per M.

The labor of framing sills, girders, etc., will cost about $10.00 per M.; plates, rafters, etc. $12.00. From this we estimate that a section of sill 30 ft. long, containing 90 ft. B. M. will cost as follows:

Stock, 90 ft. B, M. of 6 in. x 6 in. spruce at $26.00 per M,

. $2.34

Labor of framing at $10.00 per M.

.90

$3.24

Dividing this by 30, the length in feet, we get 10 8/10 cents, or about 11 cents a running foot. In this same way the posts, girts, and other special timbers may be figured.

Floors. Having disposed of the large timbers separately we can now take up the floors by the square of 100 feet. An analysis of this gives us a result as follows:

Cost of a Square of Flooring:

Joists 2 in. x 9 in., 16 in. on centers, 112 1/2 ft. B. M. at $26.00

$2.92

Labor, per square of 100 sq. ft.

1.50

Nails

.10

Bridging

.50

Under floor, 100 ft. Hemlock at $24.00

2.40

Waste 1/3 of stock

.80

Labor

.75

Nails, 5 lbs. at 3 cents per lb.

.15

Strapping for ceiling 1 in. x 2 in., 16 in. on centers

.40

Nails

.10

Labor

1.00

Upper floor, 100 ft. of Spruce at $40.00

4.00

Waste

1.30

Labor

1.50

Nails

.15

Paper, labor, and stock

.25

Total per square

$17.82

In the same way we may estimate the cost of the walls as follows:

Outside Walls, boarded:

Studding 2 in. x 4 in., 16 in. on centers, 50 ft. B. M. at $26.00

$ 1.30

Waste 1/3 stock

.43

Nails

.25

Labor, per square, studding

1.50

Beads and grounds

.25

Boarding, 100 ft. hemlock at $24.00

2.40

Waste 1/4 stock

.60

Labor per square, boarding

.75

Nails

.15

Total cost per square

$ 7.63

Shingling the outside walls will cost.

Shingles, 850 at $4.25

$3.61

Paper and laying

.50

Nails

.25

Labor on shingling per square

2.18

Total cost of shingling

$6.54

Roofing with 2 in. x 6 in. rafters spaced 20 in. on centers will cost:

2 in. x 6 in. rafters 20 in. on centers at $26.00

$1.56

Waste 1/4

.39

Labor

2.00

Nails

.10

Boarding

2.40

Waste

.60

Labor

1.00

Nails

.15

Total cost per square

$8.20

Inside studding ready for lathing will cost:

Studs, 2 in. x 4 in., 16 in. on centers, 50 ft. B. M. at $26.

$1.30

Waste 1/2 stock

.65

Nails

.15

Labor, per square

1.50

Beads and grounds

.40

Total cost per square

$4.00

Windows of average size in place will cost approximately:

Window frame

$1.20

Sashes 3 ft. x 5 ft.

1.75

Blinds

1.00

Blind fastenings

.15

Weight, 30 lbs. at 1 1/4 cents per lb.

.38

Sash cord, 20 ft. at 1 cent per ft.

.20

Sash fast

.25

Inside casings, 20 ft. at 3 1/2 cents per ft.

.70

Stop beads, 16 ft. at 1 3/4 cents per ft.

.28

Labor, 8 hours at 41 cents per hour

3.28

Total cost of window in place

$9.19

Inside doors of average size will cost, complete:

Door 2 ft. 8 in. x 6 ft. 8 in. x 1 1/2 in. pine, to paint

$2.40

Frame

1.00

Casings

1.33

Threshold

.15

Nails

.05

Hardware

1.25

Labor, 8 hours at 41 cents

3.28

Total cost of door in place

$9.46

Rift hard pine upper floors will cost, per square of 100 square feet: Rift hard pine flooring, 100 ft. B. M. at $65.00 $ 6.50

Waste and matching 1/3 of stock

2.16

Labor

2.00

Nails, 5 lbs. at 3 cents per lb.

.15

Paper

.25

Total cost of floor per square

$11.06

Approximate cost per square ft.

11 cents

Finishing with shellac and wax

3 cents

Total per square foot finished

14 cents

Quartered oak floor, per square ft.

25 cents

Finishing with shellac

4 cents

Total cost per square foot

29 cents

A common front door will cost:

Door 3 ft. 4 in. x 7 ft. 0 in. x 1 7/8 in.

$ 5.75

Frame

4.50

Plate glass

2.50

Casings, 20 ft. at 4 cents

.80

Hinges

.68

Lock and knobs

4.50

Labor

4.00

Total cost of door

$22.73

A pair of sliding doors, fitted complete, will average about as follows:

2 doors 3 ft. 0 in. x 7 ft. 0 in. x 1 3/4 in. each

$6.00

44 feet casings, at 4 1/2 cents

1.98

40 feet grounds, at 1 cent

.40

40 feet stop beads, at 2 cents

.80

Astragal

1.00

Chafing strip

.20

Lock

4.50

Hangers and track

4.50

Sheathing pocket, 84 ft. at 40 cents

3.36

Labor, 40 hours at 41 cents

16.40

Total cost of doors

$39.14

These are some of the principal parts of a house analyzed and will serve to show how the cost of any portion may be obtained by dividing it into parts and pricing each portion by itself.

Following are some miscellaneous details of carpenter work: Two carpenters working in pairs can put up in a day about 300 ft. B. M. of studding. 300 ft. B. M. of rafters. 600 ft. B. M. of floor joist. 800 ft. B. M. of wall or roof boarding. 600 ft. B. M. of matched boarding. 500 ft. B. M. of diagonal matched boarding.

MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS

CELLAR WINDOW

Frame

$1.50

Sash

1.20

Hardware

.15

Labor

.50

$3.35

CELLAR DOORS

Stock door, 2 ft. 8 in. x 6 ft. 8 in. x 1 1/2 in.

$2.25

Frame

1.00

Finish, 36 ft. 4 1/2 in. finish

1.62

Threshold

$0.15

Hardware

.85

Labor

3.00

8.87

Paper on walls under clapboards or shingles per square:

Paper

$0.20

Laying

.05

$0.25

Inside Finish. Inside finish in white wood or cypress, cost in place:

8 in. base board with 2 in. moulding, per running ft.

$0.12

4 ft. wainscot of narrow sheathing, per running ft.

.40

Plain wall sheathing, per square foot

.05

3 1/2 in. cap for wainscot

.03

2 in. picture moulding

.03

4 in. chair rail

.07

3 ft. panelled dado, per sq. ft.

.35

1 case of 3 drawers complete

8.00

Finishing Stock. White wood or cypress stock which has been moulded will cost one cent for every square inch of section a foot long, less a trade discount, which at present is 30 per cent off, so that a 5 in. casing will cost 5 cents per foot less 30 per cent, or 3 1/2 cts. per foot.

Casings, 5 in.

$0.03 1/2

Base, 8 in.

.05 1/2

Plinth blocks, 5 in. x 8 in. x 1 3/8 in.

.05

Corner blocks 5 in. x 5 in. x 1 1/8 in.

.05

Mouldings 7/10 cent per sq. in. of section

Stock pattern stair rail 2 1/2 in. x 2 3/4 in., per foot

.17

Balusters, 1 3/8 each

.09

Newels, 5 in. stock pattern

5.00

Newels, 6 in. stock pattern

6.00

Plate rail and picture moulding per foot

.09

Picture moulding per foot

.01 1/2 to .03

Stock drawer case, 3 drawers

3.50

Panelled draw case, 5 drawers

13.00

Inside Doors five cross panels in pine to paint

2 ft. 8 in. x 6 ft. 8 in. x 1 1/2 in.

$2.40

2 ft. 10 in. x 6 ft. 10 in. x 1 1/2 in.

2.50

3 ft. 0 in. x 7 ft. 0 in. x 1 1/2 in.

2.80

Window Frames

2 1/2 ft. x 4 1/2 ft.

$1.10

3 ft. x 5 ft.

1.20