Multiple Lengths. In cases where there are several pieces of the same size and length, they may, for convenience in handling, be ordered in one piece at the mills and cut into lengths after they reach the shop. In this case, however, care must be taken that the multiple length is not too long to ship on an ordinary freight car. The allowances to be made in such cases and the general rules are given in Table II.

Allowances for Pin Material. In case material is ordered for pins, it is necessary that certain allowances be made for turning and for ordering in multiple. The following very general rules are given in Table III.

Table II. Allowances For Multiple Lengths

No.

Rule

1

No pieces more than 7 ft. long are to be ordered in multiple lengths unless under special instructions

2

In arranging multiple lengths make lengths about 30 ft. and never exceed 32 ft.

3

Never order plates over 24" wide in multiple lengths

4

Never order plates 7/8" thick in multiple lengths

5

Never order channels in multiples unless specially instructed

6

Never order I-beams in multiples unless specially instructed

7

Never order Z-bars in multiples unless specially instructed

8

Plates and shapes to be sheared to length without finishing, add 1" to product of length times number required

9

When planed ends are required add specified amount to each piece multiplied and add 1" to multiple lengths so found

10

Stiffeners with fillers, add 1/4" to net length of each for planing and 1" to multiple length so found

11

Stiffeners when crimped, order same as b-b of girder angles plus 1/4" for planing and add 1" to multiple length so found

12

When 4 or less shapes not over 3 ft. long are ordered in multiple lengths, add 5/8" to multiple and add for planing when required.

13

When ordering fillers, allow 1/8" clearance at ends when necessary, and add for multiple as for plates

14

Make all multiples end with nearest 1/4"

15

Tees under 7 ft. long may be ordered in multiple lengths. Add 2" to length times number required and make longest multiple 24 ft.

16

If I-beams or channels are cut from long lengths allow loss of 3 1/2" for each cut

17

7"x3 1/2" angles can be multiplied up to and including 3/4" in thickness

Allowances for Bending. In all cases where angles have to be bent, additional material is required. In such cases the following rules are applicable:

(1) In the case of Fig. 7a. Figure length on c.g. line of angles and add 1" for each bend when the angle of bend is not more than about 30°; add 2" for each bend when the angle is between 30° and 60°; over 60° ask for special instructions from the forge shop.

(2) In the case of Figs. 7b and 7c. In the case of sharply curved end angles or when sharp bends are made near ends, add to the length figured on the c.g. line as follows: 3-inch angles add 4"; 4-inch angles add 5"; 5-inch angles add 6"; 6-inch angles add 7"; 7-inch angles add 8"; and 8-inch angles add 9".

THE CHICAGO CITY HALL UNDER CONSTRUCTION Courtesy National Fireproofing Co.

THE CHICAGO CITY HALL UNDER CONSTRUCTION Courtesy National Fireproofing Co.

Table III. Allowances For Pin Material

No.

Rule

1

Pins up to and including 4" in diameter, add 1/8" to finished diameter for turning

2

Pins 4" to 6" in diameter, add \" to finished diameter for turning

3

Pins over 6" in diameter, add \" to finished diameter and order them rough turned unless specially instructed to the contrary

4

Pins up to and including 6" in diameter shall be ordered in multiple length of about 12 ft. Add 7/16" for each tool cut and 1" to multiple length thus found

5

Pins over 6" in diameter shall be ordered in single pieces and to exact length required

6

When pins are over 4" diameter, ordered diameters must end in no fractions smaller than quarter inches

Fig. 7. Illustration Showing Angle Bends

Fig. 7. Illustration Showing Angle Bends.

Shop Bills. In order to facilitate the getting out of certain articles which are of the same general form but of different dimensions, and for convenience in tabulating information relative to certain material either before or after it has been assembled into members for structures, certain bills called "shop" bills are used. These bills, which save much drafting and much letter writing, may be of almost any character to suit the practice of the plant. Figs. 8 to 26 give the headings of various bills and Fig. 27 gives the heading of a bill which is used in case it becomes desirable to change an order which has been sent in. The lower part of Fig. 27 is suitable for all of the other bills.

These bills are made on thin paper so that prints may be made from them and sent to the various shops concerned. A copy of each should also be filed in the engineer's office, and all bills of each job should be kept together by binding in some way.

ORDER NO.. ..........

---------------------------------------------

------------------------------------

Saline Bridge Company

---------------------------

-BRANCH

Sheet no. . --------------

----------------------------

----------------------------

Ordering Of Material Continued 0500324

Cast Filling Rings

Ordering Of Material Continued 0500325

Steel Filling Rings

Ordering Of Material Continued 0500326

Gas Pipe

MARK

NO.

OF

PCS.

DIAM.

DIAM.

WIDTH

MARK

NO,

OF

PCS.

DIAM

WIDTH

THICK

MATERL RECfD

MARK

NO.

OF

PCS.

INSIDE DIAM.

WIDTH

D

H

w

D

w

T

D

w

Fig. 8. Shop Bill for Standard Filling Rings

Order no.........

...............

..............

Saline Bridge Company

BRANCH

Sheet No.. . .

...................

...........................

Ordering Of Material Continued 0500327

Sleeve Nuts

Ordering Of Material Continued 0500328

Turn Buckles

MARK

NO. OF PIECES

DIAM. SCREW

LENGTH

REMARKS

MARK

NO.OF PIECES

DIAM. SCREW

LENGTH

LENGTH

MARK

U

L

U

X

L

Fig. 9. Shop Bill for Sleeve Nuts and Turn Buckles

Order No........

..............

..............

Saline Bridge Company

............................BRANCH

Sheet No............

...............

..............

Ordering Of Material Continued 0500329

Clevises For

MARK

NO. OF PIECES

DlAM.

SCREW

PIN

GRIP

REMARKS

D

U

P

G

Fig. 10. Shop Bill for Clevises

Order No. ...........

....................

....................

Saline Bridge Company

.................... BRANCH

5heet No. ..........

....................

....................

Ordering Of Material Continued 0500330

Cotter Pins and Cotters For

mark

NO. PCS.

DIAM.

of pin

GRIP

HEAD

COTTER

LENGTH OF PIN

DIAM.

thick's

LENGTH

DIAM.

UNDER HEAD

OVERALL

REMARKS

P

H

T

c

D

L

M

Fig. 11. Shop Bill for Cotters and Cotter Pins

Order No...........

..........

..........

Saline Bridge Company

....................BRANCH

Sheet No. ..........

....................

....................

Pins and Lomas NutsOrdering Of Material Continued 0500331

MARK

NO .

PCS.

DIAM.

GRIP

SCREW

NUT

LENGTH OVER ALL

NO. PILOT NUTS

NO. DRIVING NUTS

REMARKS

DIAM.

LENGTH

DIAM.

THICKNESS

P

G

D

T

S

N

L

Fig. 12. Shop Bill for Pins and Lomas Nuts

Order No...........

....................

....................

Saline Bridge Company

BRANCH

Sheet No...........

....................

....................

Ordering Of Material Continued 0500332

Upset Screw Rods For

MARK

NO.REQ'D

SIZE OF ROD

LENGTH OVER-ALL

UPSET

REMARKS

REG. RODS

TEST RODS

DIAM.

LENGTH

ADD FOR

ONE UPSET

MATERIAL REQ'D

L

U

M

Fig. 13. Shop Bill for Upset Screw Rods

SheetNo....

...........

..........

Ordering Of Material Continued 0500333

Clevis Rods For

Made By 19

Checked By...........19

In Charge, of.

Saline Bridge Company

BRANCH

MARK

NO. REQ'D

LENGTH C.TOC PINS

SIZE

LENGTH OVER-ALL

ROD

-MATERIA REQ'D

LEFT CLEVIS RIGHT CLEVIS

REMARKS

REG. RODS

TEST R0D5

UP5ET

DIAM

PIN

GRIP

DIAM

PIN

GRIP

DIAM.

LENGTH

ADOFOR

ONE

UPSET

L

U

M

D

P

G

D

P

G

Material.

Specif.__________

Inspection.

PAINT _ _ -----------------------

ORDER NO.....

Finished Surfaces in Pinholes are Coated with White Lead and Tallow Before Shipment

Fig. 14. Shop Bill for Clevis Rods

Sheet No......

...........

...........

Ordering Of Material Continued 0500334

Loop Rods For

Made By..... 19

Checked 3y.....19..

InCharge oF........

Saline Bridge Company

MARK

MO. REQ'D

SIZE

OF

ROD

LENGTH

CtoCof

PIN5

LONG END

SHORT END

Material.Wrought Iron

Specif: . _

INSPECTION-- ......

REG rod:

test

RODS

LOOP

UPSET

LENGTH CtO END

MATERL REQ'D

LOOP

UPSET

LENGTH Cto END

mater'l

REQ'D

PIN

FLAT

TEN

ADD

DIAM

LENGTH

ADD

PIN

FLA1

TEN

ADD

DIAM

LENGTH

ADD

c

P

E

F

U

M

L

P

E

FI

U

M

LI

Order No______

Finished Surfaces in PiN Holes Are Coated With White lead and Tallow Before Shipment

Fig. .15. Shop Bill for Loop Rods

Sheet No.....

..........

.......

Ordering Of Material Continued 0500335

Adjustable Eve Bars For

Made By. 19....

Checked By....19....

In Charge of......

Saline Bridge Company

............BRANCH

MARK

NO.REQ'D

LENGTH

CtoC

PINS

LONG END

SHORT END

Material_______

SPECIF.,.........

Paint... .........

REG BARS

TEST BARS

BAR

HEAD D

UPSET

LENGTH

C TO END

mater'l req'd

BAR

HEAD D

UP5ET

LENGTH CTOEND

mater'l

REQ'D

WlDTH

THICK

PIN

DIAM

THICK

ADD

DIAM

LENGTH

ADD

WlDTH

THICK

ADD

DIAM

LENGTH

ADD

c

D

D

T

U

M

L

P

D

T

U

M

L

Order No..

PIN H0LE5 BORED.......

Finished Surfaces in Pin Holes Are Coated With White Lead and Tallow Before Shipment.

Fig. 16. Shop Bill for Adjustable Eye Bars

Order No............

........................

........................

Saline Bridge Company

BRANCH

Sheet No.............

........................

........................

Ordering Of Material Continued 0500336

Eve Bars For

MARK

NO. REQ'D

SIZE

LENGTH

HEAD D

HEAD Dl

MATERIAL REQUIRED

REG.

BARS

TEST BARS

WIDTH

THICK

CtoCof pin's

PIN

DIAM.

THICK

ADD

PIN

DIAM.

THICK

ADD

C

P

D

T

Pl

Dl

Tl

Fig. 17. Shop Bill for Ordinary Eye Bars

Saline Bridge Company

OrderNo. .........

............BRANCH

Sheet No. .........

......... .........

......... .........

Ordering Of Material Continued 0500337

Floor Bolts For

Ordering Of Material Continued 0500338

Ordering Of Material Continued 0500339

Ordering Of Material Continued 0500340 )

Ordering Of Material Continued 0500341

Ordering Of Material Continued 0500342

A 1

3Ordering Of Material Continued 0500343

Bolt A

Bolt B

LAG SCREW C

Bolt D

Bolt E

Bolt F

No.

REQ'D

GRIP

LENGTH

no. REQ'D

GRIP

LENGTH

MATR'L req'd

NO.

REQ'D

LENGTH

No. req'd

GRIP

LENGTH

MATRl REQ'D

No.

REQ'D

GRIP

LENGTH

MATRL req'd

NO.

REQ'D

GRIP

LENGTH

6

L

G

l_

L

G

L

G

L

G

L

Fig. 18. Shop Bill for Floor Bolts

Saline Bridge Company

Order No.......

.............

...........

............. BRANCH

Sheet No .........

...............

............

Ordering Of Material Continued 0500344

Turned Bolts For

mark

no. of

PC5

DIAM.

OF BOLT

LENGTH

SCREW

LENGTH

OF

BOLT

WAS

DIAM.

THICK

REMARKS

LENGTH

DIAM

D

B

M

U

L

W

T

Fig. 19. Shop Bill for Turned Bolts

OrderNo .........

...........

Saline Bridge Company

... BRANCH

Sheet No .........

..............

..............

Ordering Of Material Continued 0500345

ANCHOR NO. 1

ANCHOR NO. 2

ANCHOR NO.3

HACKED BOLT

SPLIT BOLT

EXPANSION BOLT

NO.

OF

PCS.

DIAM.

DIST.

LENGTH OF mat'l

MO.

OF

ANG'S

SIZE

OF

ANGLES

LENGTH

OF ANGLES

NO.

OF

ANCH.

DIST.

LENGTH

OF FLAT

NO. OF PCS

DIAM.

LENGTH

SIZE OF

NO. OF PCS.

DIAM.

LENGTH

SIZE OF WASHER

ISO. OF PCS.

DIAM.

LENGTH

THICK OF

METAL

A

B

WASHER

Fig. 20. Shop Bill for Anchors and Anchor Bolts

Order Assigned to Columbus ...... Plant

Saline Bridge Company shop bill

work Fabricated at Columbus...... plant

Name of Structure Bridqe over Branch of. Teh Mile Creek

Name of CUSTOMER.. Nelson and Buchanan Co., (ord.427)

NO. OF PIECES

DESCRIPTION

LENGTH

PIECE MARK

CALC WT. ONE PIECE TOTAL

REMARKS

ORDERED

NO. Of PIECES

SECTION

PER FT IN LBS.

LENGTH

ITEM NUMBER

FEET

Inches

FEET

inches

4

Floor Beams

F

4

/- beams

15

9 1/4

15"

42

15

9 1/4

32

Lug Ls

0

7 1/2

3x2 1/2x 1/2

16

,,

0

5

,,

16

End Conn. Ls

0

10

4 x 3 x 8

2

End 5rrut5

5

2

Channels

18

0

6"

8

18

0

36

Bearing Pls.

0

5

3x1/2

Fig. 21. Shop Bill for Members of Bridge

Order Assigned to Columbus Plant

Saline Bridge Company

Work Fabricated at Columbus Plant

Name of Structure Neff Bridge on Cline Free Pike

Name of Purchaser. .. Huston . and_ Cleveland

Erector's List of Field Rivets and Bolts.

NUMBER REOUIRED

DISCRIPTION

DIAM.

GRIP

length

SHAPE OF HEAD

PIECES CONNECTED AND REMARKS

52

Bolts

5/8

5/8

1 1/2

Ordering Of Material Continued 0500346

Buckle Pls and P2 to Girders GIR & L

8

,,

,,

1 5/8

1 3/4

,,

,, ,, ,, ,, ,, ,, ,, ,, ,,

I92

,,

,,

3/4

1 1/2

,,

" " " " " Stringers SI & S2

64

,,

,,

1 1/16

2

,,

,, ,, ,, ,, ,, ,, ,, ,, ,,

50

,,

,,

5/8

1 1/2

,,

to PLs P2

2

,,

1/2

7/8

1 1/2

,,

Name Plate to GIR

4

Rivets

5/8

11/16

2 1/2

Ordering Of Material Continued 0500347

B2 to S2

2

,,

,,

1/2

1 7/8

,,

B2 to GIR & L

4

,,

,,

1/2

1 7/8

,,

B2 to BL

8

,,

,,

1/2

1 7/8

,,

Bl to Railinq on GIR & L

Fig. 22. Erector's List of Field Rivets and Bolts

Order No..........

....................

....................

Saline Bridge Company

..............................-BRANCH

Sheet No..........

....................

....................

Rivets and Bolts For

RIVETS (PLAIN)

RlVETS (COUNTERSUNK)

BOLTS

NUMBER REQUIRED

DIAM.

LENGTH

UNDER

HEAD

REMARKS

NUMBER REQUIRED

DIAM.

LENGTH

OVER

ALL

REMARKS

NUMBER REQUIRED

DIAM.

LENGTH UNDER HEAD

SHAPE

OF HEAD

REMARKS

Fig. 23. Shop Bill for Field Rivets and Bolts

CONSTRUCTION OF THE CHICAGO AND NORTHWESTERN PASSENGER STATION AT CHICAGO

CONSTRUCTION OF THE CHICAGO AND NORTHWESTERN PASSENGER STATION AT CHICAGO.

Courtesy National Fireproofing Co.

Order Assigned to _________________Plait

SHIPPING BILL

(RIVETED WORK)

Work Fabricated at .............Plant

Name; of Structure . ........................................

Name of Purchaser .........................................

Ship to..................................................

ShipVia. ................................................

MEMBER

MATERIAL

SHIPMENT

no.

REQD

NAME

MARK

SHEET MO.

DESCRIPTION

LENGTH

CALC. WT.

ONE PIECE

TOTAL

DATE

NO'.' PIECES

REMARKS

WEIGHT' "

FEET

INCHES

-

-

1.

*

-.

'

Fig. 24. Shipping Bill

Fig. 25. Shop Bill for I Beams

Fig. 25. Shop Bill for I-Beams.

ORDER ASSIGNED TO Saline Bridge Company work Fabricated at

......_______...Plant _____________...Plant name of Structure_____________________________________________________..._ name of Purchaser_______..__________________________________________________

Fig. 26. Shop Bill with Blank Space for Sketch ]

Fig. 27. Sheet Used for Change of Order

Fig. 27. Sheet Used for Change of Order.