The amount of air required to maintain the standard of purity can be very easily determined provided, we know the amount of carbonic acid given off in the process of respiration. It has been found by experiment that the average production of carbonic acid by an adult at rest is about .6 cubic feet per hour. If we assume the proportion of this gas as 4 parts in 10,000 in the external air, and are to allow 6 parts in 10,000 in an occupied room, the gain will be 2 parts in 10,000, or in other words there will be 2/19,000 = 0.0002 cubic feet of carbonic acid mixed with each cubic foot of fresh air entering the room.

Therefore, if one person gives off .6 cubic feet of carbonic acid per hour it will require .6/.0002 = 3000 cubic feet of air per person to keep the air in the room at the standard of purity assumed, that is, 6 parts of carbonic acid in 10,000 of air.

Fig. 23.

The following table has been computed in this manner and shows the amount of air which must be introduced for each person in order to maintain various standards of purity:

 STANDARD PARTS OFCARBONIC) ACID IN10,000 OF AIR INROOM. CUBIC FEET OF AIR REQUIRED PER PERSON. PER MINUTE. PER HOUR. 5 133 8,000 6 67 4,000 7 44 2,667 8 33 2,000 9 27 1,600 10 22 1,333 11 19 1,151 12 17 1,000

While this table gives the theoretical quantities of air required for different standards of purity, and may be used as a guide, it will be better in actual practice to use quantities which experience has shown to give good results in different types of buildings. Authorities differ somewhat in their recommendations on this point and the present tendency is toward an increase of air.

The following table represents good modern practice and may be used with satisfactory results:

 AIR SUPPLY PER OCCUPANT FOR CUBIC FEET PER MINUTE. CUBIC FEET PER HOUR. Hospitals 50 to 80 3,000 to 4,800 High Schools 50 3,000 Grammar Schools 40 2,400 Theatres and Assembly Halls 25 1,500 Churches 20 1,200