In Fig. 1 are shown various forms of filaments used in incandescent lamps, and Figs. 7 and 8 show the distribution of light from a single-loop filament of cylindrical crosssection Fig. 7 shows the distribution of light in a horizontal plane, the lamp being mounted in a vertical position, and Fig. 8 shows the distribution in a vertical plane. By changing the shape of the filament the light distribution is varied. A mean of the readings taken in the horizontal plane forms the mean horizontal candle-power, and this candle-power rating is the one generally assumed for the ordinary incandescent lamp. A mean of the readings taken in a vertical plane gives us the mean vertical candle-power, but this value is of little use.

Fig. 8. Vertical Distribution Curve for Single Loop Filament.

Fig. 8. Vertical Distribution Curve for Single-Loop Filament.