This section is from the book "Cyclopedia Of Architecture, Carpentry, And Building", by James C. et al. Also available from Amazon: Cyclopedia Of Architecture, Carpentry And Building.
Column (kol'um). A part of the Classic Order (see Fig. 3). A solid, vertical body of greater height than thickness, generally serving as a support. A cylindrical or slightly tapering body set vertically upon a stylobate, and surmounted by a spreading mass which forms its capital.
Comparative (kom-par'a-tiv). In proportion or in relation to another member or part.
Composite (kom-poz'it). The name of the last of the five Orders, and a "composite" of them all, the proportions being borrowed from the Corinthian, while the capital which characterizes it is composed from those of the other Orders, borrowing a quarter-round from the Tuscan or Roman Doric, the leafage from the Corinthian, and volutes from the Ionic Order. (Sec Fig. 17).
Concord (kon'kord). (a) The name of one of the principal Greek Doric tem-ples of Agrigentum. (b) A Corinthian temple in Rome of date about 7 B. C, belonging to the Augustan period.
Conge (kon'zha). A moulding in the form of a quarter-hollow or a cavetto; an apophyge. (See Fig. 5).
Constantine (kon'stan-tin). One of the emperors of the East (A. D. 272-337), after whom is named a Corinthian triumphal arch in the Roman Forum. (See Fig. 136).
Cora (ko'ra). A city in southern Italy (the modern Cori), containing an example of a rectangular Roman Doric temple of unusual grace and artistic feeling, dating from about 80 B. C. (See Figs. 109 and 138).
Corinth (ko'rinth). A city of Greece situated on the isthmus of Corinth, famous for its early Greek Doric temples.
Corinthian (ko-rin'thi-an). The most ornate and slender in its proportions of the three main Classic Orders. (See Figs. 50 and 128).
Corona (ko-r5'na). The projecting, crowning member of a cornice, situated above the bed-moulding. (See page 108).
Cossutius (cos-su'shi-us). A Roman architect, who probably designed the capitals in the Temple of Jupiter Olympus at Athens.
Coupled (kup'ld). Linked together. "Coupled columns" are arranged in pairs, with their bases and capitals touching, and with a correspondingly wider span between the grouped pairs. (See Figs. 19 and 20).
Cove (kov). A cavetto, or concave moulding; a member whose section is a concave curve. (See Fig. 5).
Crowning (krou'ning). Finishing at the top. The upper member of a cornice or other architectural form. (See Fig. 5).
Cupola (ku'po-la). A small vaulted structure affixed to the roof of a building, generally hemispherical or curvilinear in outline, covering a circular or polygonal area, and supported either upon four arches or upon solid walls.
Curvilinear (kur-vi-lin'e-ar). Bounded by curved lines.
Cusp (kusp) The intersecting point of the small arcs decorating the internal curves of Gothic foils; also the figure formed by the intersection of such arcs.
Cyclopean (si-klo-pe'an). Pertaining to the Cyclops, a fabled race of giants: therefore, large in scale and massive in size.
Cylindrical (si-lin'dri-kal). Having the form of a cylinder; the term is also applied to a section having an extended convex surface.
Cyma (sl'ma). A moulding whose section is a double curve or wave-like in form. (See Fig. 5).
Cyma recta (sl'ma rek'ta). A cyma whose section is hollow in its upper part and swelling below. (See Fig. 5).
Cyma reversa (sl'ma re-ver'sa). A cyma of section swelling above and hollow below; same as ogee. (See Fig. 5).
Cymatium (si-ma'shi-um). A crowning moulding composed of the cyma, (See Plate IX).
Dado (da'do). The die, or the square or rectangular intermediate part, of the pedestal to a column, located between the base and the cornice; also, that part of a straight pilaster between the plinth and the impost moulding; also, the finishing of the lower part of the walls in the interior of a house. (See Fig 3).
Daphnis (daf'nis). A Greek architect of Miletus.
Decastyle (deka'stil). Having ten columns in front, or consisting of ten columns.
Degree (de-gre'). (a) A synonymous term for "part" used in the measurement and proportioning of the Orders. (6) A proportional part of an arc of a circle.
Delos (de'los). An island of the Ęgean Sea, celebrated for its Greek Doric Temple of Apollo.
Demeter (de-me'ter). Goddess of agriculture; the Roman Ceres. At Paestum and at Eleusis there are remains of temples dedicated to her.
Denticular (den-tik'u-lar). Containing dentils; when applied to an Order, containing a course of small rectangular blocks in the cornice. (See Plate IV and Fig. 110).
Dentil (dcn'til). One of the series of small cubes into which the square member in the bed-moulding of an Ionic, a Corinthian, a Composite, or, occasionally, a Roman Doric cornice is cut. (See Plate IV and Fig. 110).