Very efficient incandescent lamps have been constructed using osmium for the filament. An indirect method is resorted to in the formation of these filaments. Osmium lamps have not been successful for commercial voltages because the filament is too fragile if it is made to have a high resistance, so these lamps must be operated in series or through the agency of reducing transformers if they are to be applied to 110-volt circuits. At 25 volts, lamps are constructed giving an efficiency of about 1.5 watts per candle-power with a life comparable to that of a 3.5-watt carbon lamp. Owing to the introduction of the tungsten lamp, the osmium lamp will probably never be used to any great extent.