Arc lamps are constructed to operate on direct-current or alternating-current systems when connected in series or in multiple. They are also made in both the open and the enclosed forms.

By an open arc is meant an arc lamp in which the arc is exposed to the atmosphere, while in the enclosed arc an inner or enclosing globe surrounds the arc, and this globe is covered with a cap which renders it nearly air-tight. Fig. 38 is a good example of an enclosed arc as manufactured by the General Electric Company.

Fig. 3S. Enclosed Arc Lamp with Carbon Feed Mechanism.

Fig. 3S. Enclosed Arc Lamp with Carbon-Feed Mechanism.