This section is from the "Origin Of Architectural Design Or The Archaeology Of Astronomy" book, by Lee H. McCoy. Also see Amazon: Origin Of Architectural Design Or The Archaeology Of Astronomy.
O ye delicious fables! where the wave And woods were peopled, and the air, with things So lovely! why, ah! why has science grave Scattered afar your sweet imaginings? - Barry Cornwall.
The Egyptian deified the Moon as ruler not only of Night, but also of the southern heavens. Others than the Egyptian have deified the Moon as ruler of the Night and of the Abode of Darkness, as would naturally follow. The southern heavens were considered the Realm of Death as well as the Abode of Evil.
From time immemorial, the Moon has been credited with strange powers over the destiny and minds of men, and her praises have been sung by all nations in a wealth of prose and poetry. Even our very materialistic age of education and science cannot but recognize the unquestionable power which she seems to exert over vegetation and animal life, as well as the part which she plays in the destiny of the Earth.
Were it not for the Moon, the Earth would perhaps rotate but the one time upon its axis in its annual journey around the Sun, and would turn but the one side to the Sun. (Cf. "Evolution of Worlds," by Lowell, page 80.) It would be difficult to state just what such a condition would exert upon the Earth at present, yet we cannot but believe that annihilation of plant and animal life would ensue. In support of this theory, we advance the fact that those planets which, to the best of our knowledge, rotate but the one time upon their axis during a complete circuit around the Sun, are known to have no satellites. Thus, it would seem that between the two forces, the Sun and the Moon, the Earth is kept rotating upon its axis in a period smaller than a complete revolution around the Sun, and an approximately equal temperature is the result. It would be difficult to state just the conditions that would exist upon the Earth were it to turn but one side to the Sun, yet we cannot but believe that a total destruction of both plant and animal life would ensue.
Mercury and Venus, of the larger planets, are known to have no satellites, and to the best of our knowledge, these two turn but one side to the Sun in their annual circuit. (Cf. "Evolution of Worlds," by Lowell, pages 65-93.) The rest of the larger planets, with the exception of the two outer ones, Uranus and Neptune, whose axial period rotation is unknown at present, rotate more than once upon their axes during a complete circuit. The larger planets, with the exception of Venus and Mercury, have one or more satellites revolving around them. We believe that when we shall have determined the axial period of rotation not only of Uranus and Neptune, but also of the Asteroids, we shall find them to conform to the theory stated above. Nevertheless, it is very patent that not only the Earth, but the other planets as well, are influenced to a great extent in their life course by the satellites revolving around them; and this influence is certainly not all a superstition, as some have thought. In fact, Darwin's theory as to the tides credits the Moon with a no inconsiderable part in the life course of the Earth. The early Egyptian possessed no such instruments as do our present-day Astronomers, yet he had a wonderful fund of knowledge as to the Moon's influence over the affairs of Earth; a knowledge that bears a remarkable analogy to the more materialistic relative facts. It is not assumed, however, that the Moon in her several phases appreciably affects the weather of the Earth. We shall now name a few of the symbols derived from the orb of night which, though of a somewhat superstitious nature, yet show a remarkable resemblance to the more materialistic duties that she seems to fulfill in celestial arrangement.
It is well known what objects the strange fancies of men have pictured upon the face of the Moon, such as the "Man in the Moon," the "Lady in the Moon," "Jack and Jill," and a number of others. (Cf. "The Stars in Song and Legend," by J. C. Porter, pages 13-21.) Yet little seems to have been known of what was there seen by the early Egyptian. Their animal deities, represented as sitting with the ore-feet braced, in the characteristic pose of a fdog or cat, we believe to have been derived from a dark object upon the western limb of the Moon, which is almost an exact counterpart of an animal sitting in that attitude. This strange figure is best seen when the Moon is in first quarter, or about half full, and bears a remarkable resemblance to those animals that were worshipped as Moon deities, such as the Cyn-ocephalus and others. The Moon Cynocepha-lus is seen to have a small white spot both upon the side of its head and its haunch, which the Egyptian generally shows upon representations of this animal. This feature of the object is perhaps an identifying mark distinguishing it from those taken from the stars. It is not strange then that they associated this orb of night with the Realms of Death, or the southern hemisphere of the heavens where we see the three Cynocephali at the feet of Aquarius, and know what duty they were supposed to fulfill in that region.
The dark animal-like object named above seems to have originated the vulture head-dress worn upon the head of the Egyptian, for where we see it from a different angle it quite easily presents the figure of a bird as crowning the head of the "Lady in the Moon." One wing will be seen as extending down back of her left ear, while its head protrudes a little over her forehead. It shows quite easily its identity with the head-dress in question; while on the other hand they appear also to have derived therefrom another symbolic bird, or that which we see upon one of the "shield" stones of King Narmer of the I Dynasty. The bird in question is shown as having its claw joined to the mouth of a man-headed figure by a cord or band, as though leading him. The man-headed figure is but an adaptation from the man-headed serpent object which we see upon the eastern limb of the Moon, and the bird but an adaptation from the bird-figure named above; while the cord is quite clearly outlined upon the left side of the woman's face and unites the man-headed serpent's mouth with the claw of the bird. That portion of the figure constituting the cord has been seen by the ancients as strands of hair hanging down the side of her face, and has been symbolized in different ways. Some of the sculptured figures found in Yucatan have a like symbolism displayed upon their faces which we believe to be but a derivation from this Moon object.