This section is from the "Origin Of Architectural Design Or The Archaeology Of Astronomy" book, by Lee H. McCoy. Also see Amazon: Origin Of Architectural Design Or The Archaeology Of Astronomy.
" The heavens declare the glory of God."-- (Psalms xix:1).
The Allegorical Nomenclature of the Heavens has existed from time immemorial, and constitutes a very interesting feature in the study of Astronomy. It consists in using the names of various animate and inanimate objects in order to designate the different constellations or groups of stars, and proves very serviceable in a study of the heavens. By this means we can readily detect the location of any particular region or individual star, and find our bearings as well as upon a geographical chart of any portion of the earth.
It is a fact well known to Astronomers that many of the constellations show a Resemblance To That From Which They have been named, and in some particular cases remarkably so. The Zodiacal group Scorpio, or the Scorpion, we consider to be the most pronounced example in this respect, for the constellation, as a whole, easily presents the outline of a huge Scorpion. It is a prominent naked eye object, and easily found in the southern heavens at the intersection of the two great rings of the starry universe. Nevertheless, the majority of the Star Groups are sufficiently marked to readily impress one as resembling their terrestrial namesakes. Some are definitely and well outlined, yet the indistinct stars, which militate toward their outline, make their detection somewhat difficult, except upon nights when the atmosphere is extraordinarily clear. Nevertheless, under favorable circumstances, there are few of the constellations but show a considerable similitude to their earthly counterpart.
It appears strange that greater value has not been attached To This Feature Of The Heavens, For, in the study of the records of the past, we find very little attention paid to the arrangement of the stars. If there has been any such interest manifested in the diagrammatical figures among the stars, the knowledge of such has been kept secret or unrecorded. This we find to be the case In Ancient Egypt, for their symbolism relative to the heavens, which we have been able to interpret so far, was apparently disguised and kept secret to such extent that it has successfully eluded the enquiring mind of investigators through the ages, and little or nothing is known at present as to the real value which should be attached to the symbolism of that nation.
Were there but two or three of these starry figures with outlines pronounced to such an extent that they would attract our attention And Arouse Our Interest, There might be considerable grounds for attributing them to chance; while, on the other hand, since we detect such a wealth of analogous and connected objects which practically embrace the whole heavens, or at least, the major portion of them, we should consider their rejection the height of unreason and prejudice. A great number of the Starry Figures Are So Vividly Real and well defined that they constitute a very prominent naked eye proof of the diagrammatical arrangement of the stars.
There is that element in a study of the early races of the world, the eastern as well as the western hemisphere, which proves them to have had a very Deep Conception Of The Heavens in most cases. We find traces of this throughout the Americas as well as in the eastern countries, which are so pronounced that they cannot but arouse our deepest interest in a study of prehistoric peoples, and will certainly prove of inestimable value in prosecuting such a work. It is our candid belief that the major portion of the incongruous objects and personages worshipped as idols by the early peoples will prove but a crude representation of some one or more of these starry figures. This is especially true in the case of the numberless figures of a Sphinx-Like Being Found In All Parts of the world which we believe had a common source of derivation, and that source appears to be the one which we ascribe to the Egyptian monument of that nature, or the starry Sphinx. As we shall demonstrate later, the Egyptian Sphinx has very evidently been taken from the heavens.
Thus we find that we are not alone in recognizing an apparently well ordered arrangement of the heavens, although the knowledge of such, as held by the ancients, has been successfully concealed through the ages. There appears a widely different representation of the figures, yet we are of the opinion that, when we have made a closer study of the beliefs regarding each object among the different peoples, we shall conclude that they placed practically the same value upon the same object, regardless of the difference of representation.
To gain a comprehensive view of the beliefs of early peoples, we choose that of ancient Egypt as an illustration of all, and at the same time covering the ground very thoroughly and in greater detail; and shall have to do with that race more than any other in this work.