This section is from the "Origin Of Architectural Design Or The Archaeology Of Astronomy" book, by Lee H. McCoy. Also see Amazon: Origin Of Architectural Design Or The Archaeology Of Astronomy.
That Portion of the Zodiacal belt lying between the constellations Aquarius and Virgo contains sym-bolic objects, not only of creation, but also of death and judgment. This is due to the fact that such a condition would be the natural sequence in a Cyclic Theory Of The Universe. Our opinion as to this cyclic destiny of the universe we stated elsewhere, viz: In the symbolism of the laws of the heavens, the end must be located where the beginning took place. Thus, at the end of each year the sun apparently passed a point in the heavens that it did three hundred sixty-five and one-quarter days previously, and the universal law ascribes such a point for The Beginning And End Of Time, as the southern portion of the Zodiacal belt. Hence it is not strange that we find in that locality many symbols of creation, death and the end of time.
It is quite appropriate in this connection to quote an excerpt from a very interesting paper, published in The Open Court, November, 1907, by Mr. L. H. Daingerfield of the U. S. Weather Bureau service, on "The Evolution of Climate." It sets forth clearly his theory as to the cause of the glacial periods of the earth's history. The glacial periods evidently were winter divisions of time on a grander scale than our annual period of five months duration, more or less; while there must, of necessity, be still grander divisions on a progressive scale until the ultimate winter or night of the cosmos takes place. "The most plausible explanation of the refrigeration and glaciation of the Northern Hemisphere follows: The eccentricity of the earth's orbit is subject to secular variations. At times the orbit is more elliptical than on other occasions. When the orbital eccentricity reaches its maximum, the earth is fourteen million miles nearer the sun during perihelion than in aphelion, causing a difference of twenty per cent, in the amount of direct heat received from the sun between these two positions. At the present time midwinter occurs in the Northern Hemisphere when the earth is in perihelion, or the closest point to the sun, but through what is called the 'precession of the equinoxes' the midwinter of the Northern Hemisphere will occur in aphelion, or the farthest point from the sun, in about ten thousand five hundred years. (Note: - The northern midwinter would occur in aphelion in thirteen thousand years except for the fact that the major axis of the earth's orbit makes a complete revolution in about one hundred eight thousand years in the opposite direction to the equinoctial motion, thus shortening the precession period by about two thousand five hundred years for a semi-revolution, or five thousand years for the complete revolution of the equinoxes). If, during the Ice Age, the earth's orbit had assumed its maximum eccentricity of fourteen million miles, and the northern midwinter had occurred in aphelion, or the farthest point from the sun, then the winter's length would have increased by twenty-two days, and the summer's shortened by an equal amount. The Northern Hemisphere would have received one-fifth less direct heat from the sun, daily, during the long, cold winter, but one-fifth more daily during the short, hot summer. The difference between the length of the two seasons would cause refrigeration, and the hot summer would be too short to melt the constantly accumulating ice and snow of the aphelion winters of the Pleistocene Age, and glaciers would have been the inevitable result. If the earth's orbit had retained its maximum eccentricity during the Pleistocene period, the precession of the equinoxes would have carried the earth to aphelion during the northern midwinter, every twenty-one thousand years, and caused periodic glaciation of our Hemisphere, thus satisfying the evidence of repeated glacial periods".
A connecting band of stars passes through the constellation Aquarius midway of its length, uniting the constellation Capricornus with the starry subterranean chamber we see outlined in Aquarius. Aquarius appears to be The Starry Symbol For the scriptural "Bottomless Pit," and contains also many symbols of death as evidenced by the Egyptian symbolism. A portion of the starry "Boat of the Dead" embraces part of this group, since the bird-head figure in the water-bowl ornaments one end of the boat, the rest extending through Capricornus. The wavy line of stars at the southern extremity of the group impresses one as bottomless. It also has the appearance of waves, and has evidently originated that symbol known as the "Nile Key." Water is not without its significance in the symbolism of the heavens; for it is believed by some that All Matter Originated From Water, and that it will eventually return to the same state; thus recreating the primordial ocean from whence it came in the dawn of time. We believe, then, that this region of the heavens, known as The "Ocean Of The Sky," is not without its significant value. It is, perhaps, in this region that we should locate the eternal depths of the primordial ocean of the universe. The water-bowl as the head figure adorning the end of the celestial boat, in some representations was recognized as the hawk-head of Horus. It is here seen to adorn the eastern end of the boat figure, which we consider their starry "Boat of the Dead." It is true though, that the same object appears to have been deified, not only as the god Horus, but as other gods as well; and especially that feature of the object suggesting the peculiar neck and shoulder dress of their gods.
The real figure of the constellation Sagittarius conforms very closely with the position in which our star charts show it to-day. The head is formed by a coffin-shaped figure seen in the borders of the Galaxy at that point and is surmounted by a cone-shaped head-dress. The rest of the body is quite clearly outlined. Sagittarius seems to be the origin of the Egyptian Khnumu, the god of the first cataract and to have been seen with a ram's head. The triangular figure of the group Capricornus is a part of the boat seen in that region; and located at one corner, and in the direct line of the starry route to The "Lands In The West," is a small group of stars presenting practically the same figure as outlined in Cassiopeia and Andromeda, resembling a "W," which is, very evidently, a judgment symbol. Thus the traveler would appear to pass the judgment before entering this boat. Capricornus is represented upon our charts as a goat, with its rear portion immersed in the water, out of which the animal is apparently climbing. This figure seems well chosen in many respects, as will be seen in a fuller understanding of its place in the heavenly arrangement. This group shows such A Remarkable Similarity To the Egyptian symbolic boat, and especially the "Boat of the Dead," that there can be no doubt as to its origin. The surrounding analogous symbols are an additional proof of this statement.