This section is from the "Origin Of Architectural Design Or The Archaeology Of Astronomy" book, by Lee H. McCoy. Also see Amazon: Origin Of Architectural Design Or The Archaeology Of Astronomy.
It, with the larger of the Pyramids, Cheops, Chephren and Mycerinus stands upon a plateau, near the river Nile and immediately above the Delta. They are in convenient proximity to each other, and but a short drive from Cairo. The Sphinx looks out over the Nile with face to the east, where the sun first makes his advent above the horizon. This monument is one hundred seventy-two feet in length, with other measurements in accordance, and sculptured in such manner as to represent a lion in a recumbent position. It has the body of a lion but the head of a man, and impresses one as being in Deep Meditation Gazing Into The Far Distance, which feature was certainly taken from its starry counterpart, for we cannot get a good view of the one in the heavens without experiencing a like impression. It has been mostly carved from the solid rock, with the exception of the forepaws and head, which were constructed of masonry and thereby given the proper semblance.
The temple of the Sphinx is located between its paws and, in a study of its arrangement and structure, we have been impressed by the fact that it shows a remarkable resemblance to the figure which we see outlined by the principal stars of the constellation Virgo, especially the bird located therein. In a general way, they present a marked similarity each to the other, and constitute proof in support of this thesis. This feature of the starry figure really aroused our interest and led to a closer study of the region.
One form of the Egyptian royal mace or scepter had its head ornamented with a representation of some species of bird or animal, which we believe to have been but a derivation from the starry bird in Virgo and Leo. Some claim it as the head of a species of animal which is half bird and half quadruped, called the Cucupha. Nevertheless, the similarity which it bears to the head seen in the heavens, is so marked that we consider it a derivation therefrom. What more appropriate than to take it from a region of such interest! This Mace, as well as the Shepherd's Crook, as emblems of Royalty and Deity, are Invariably Shown In Conjunction With Statues And representations of royal personages or gods. It is very evident that they placed great value upon these emblems, judging by the esteem in which such were held, and by the frequency with which they appear upon representations of state occasions.
Many of the early races are known to have buried their dead with the body and limbs arranged much in the same position as that of a child in the foetal state. In fact, it appears to have been a very prevalent custom not only among the earliest Egyptian peoples but Among The Ancient American Races As well; for we detect evidence of such a custom among the sculptures and other representations found in the ruined cities of Yucatan and Mexico. A wealth of evidence of this nature has been unearthed in the opening of the graves of the more primitive peoples of Egypt, and such a custom would appear to have been very prevalent in religious practice among the earlier Egyptians. Now it will be noted that the brighter stars constituting the head of the serpent in the constellation Hydra are but a miniature of the "Sickle of Leo," and that the small group known as the "Manger" or "Beehive," in the Zodiacal group Cancer, also represents much the same figure to our view in a small field glass. This fact, we believe, will be found to have value in a more thorough study of the subject in hand, for that figure which we detect in the above named groups much resembles A Child In The Birth State, or with the body and limbs in a duplexed position. It seems very likely that this peculiar figure named above may have given origin to the custom of burying the dead in such a position, and that the ancients endeavored to thus honor or copy that object in the heavens upon which they placed such a value.
Some of the sphinx-like figures were represented with wings. This would not to us appear strange, inasmuch as we see the starry bird, with wings raised, adorning the back of the celestial Sphinx.
Many sphinx-like statues and sculptured objects have been found throughout the Americas. Those of the isthmian countries and Mexico are believed to Possess The Body Of A Leopard Instead of that of a lion, and this is due perhaps to the fact that in those countries the lion was practically unknown; hence their selection of the leopard as next best choice as the King of Beasts and recipient of their honors. They are represented with a human head instead of their own, and the derivation thereof would be practically the same as that of the Egyptian monument from the same starry figure. It is our wish in this work to avoid as much as possible any but the more essential facts, and to cover the structural part of the material as thoroughly as lies within our power. There are many very interesting features of the subject that will in time prove of great value, yet we have not succeeded in defining them as accurately as we wish, and shall pass over them in the present work, leaving that portion of the material for a later exposition. We simply wish to place the thesis upon a good working basis of reality, and arouse interest in this line of research, for it proves one of wondrous beauty, and certainly has tremendous Value As An Explanation Of Early And Prehistoric Symbolism And Belief.
To what depths may we not be able to penetrate the ages of the past by this means! For when we shall be able to understand and read the symbolism of primitive man, then certainly we shall be able to interpret the hieroglyphic languages which are practically a closed book at present.