This section is from the "Origin Of Architectural Design Or The Archaeology Of Astronomy" book, by Lee H. McCoy. Also see Amazon: Origin Of Architectural Design Or The Archaeology Of Astronomy.
The Egyptian has seen the winged human figures near Perseus as the paws of these great beasts and may have derived his Sphinx from the figure as a whole. Yet, for the present, we will divide honors with the region of Virgo and Leo as to the location of the starry Sphinx; for the General Characteristics Of The Arrangement Of the stars in the latter region present great evidence in its favor as the location of the same. It is true, however, that the polar beast is slowly gaining the balance of evidence in its favor and will, perhaps, be proved eventually to be the real location of the starry Sphinx and abode of Deity, as would naturally follow. We will merely advance both locations for the inspection of the reader until one or the other is conclusively proved to be such; they had several forms of the Sphinx, as is well known, and either of these locations has an equal claim upon our attention for the present.
There is a small ladder-like arrangement of stars in the locality of its chin which would appear to have originated the peculiar manner in which the chins of such monuments were designed; while the arrangement of the stars upon the neck of the lion portion of the figure is seen To Suggest The Form In which the neck portion of their head-dress was represented. The ladder-like object we refer to is also a portion of the starry collar of the bull which the Egyptian has here discerned, while it is easily seen as the chin of the compound beast. The lion's rear portion is outlined by the front part of the Great Bear in Ursa Major, while the rest of it extends into Lynx and Camelopardalis. This is the lion figure which is represented upon one of their constellation charts of the northern heavens, and is seen to agree very closely with it in every detail. Its head is seen almost in conjunction with that of the Great Bear, although extending a little farther into Camelopardalis and the Lynx. It is true that they show a lion in the region of Leo and Virgo which is represented as riding or lying in a boat-shaped object, and that it has a number of markings identifying it with the great Sphinx; yet such are what we might term more in the nature of figurative evidence and general outline and It Lacks That Preponderance Of Naturalistic Outline And characteristics which we find this polar lion possessing. (Cf. the Zodiac of Denderah).
This polar lion we believe to be identified with those eagle-headed and winged lion figures of Greek mythology as well as with other representations of a like nature. The great beast as a whole is seen as facing Cepheus or Zeus, which fact will explain much with respect to the early custom of placing statues of this animal in front of the royal thrones and palaces. Do we not see here, Zeus Holding Court And Apparently Ruling The Heavens, much in the manner that the ancient Greek believed him to do. It is certainly an intensely interesting picture set eternally, as it were, in the heavens where we may view it every night for the greater portion of the year. Once the full significance and beauty of this scene dawns upon us, we may well fall in adoration before it like the ancients of old, and declare our allegiance to Him who designed it there. We can now understand to a great extent what a glorious sight was presented to The Vision Of The Prophet Ezekiel In the first chapter of that book of the Bible, where he saw the Almighty sitting upon His throne, with the great four-faced beasts near-by rendering Him praise. In view of the statements which he makes, we consider this starry picture too plain for words; for do we not see Cepheus as apparently sitting upon a throne and located in the north. (Cf. Ezekiel, Chapter i; also Rev., Chapter iv).
Thus we have an abundance of remarkable evidence identifying the polar region with the Mythological And Scriptural Designation Of the abode of Deity; yet we consider such to be merely a local value of the same, and the north pole of the Galaxy as the real and eternal location thereof. Our reason for believing such to be the proper value upon each of these two locations is, as we have stated elsewhere, that the present order of the starry groups is not the original, or as it was meant to be, but that a disarrangement overtook the system of which we are a part, sometime in the ages past, displacing it from that order which was intended by the Creator. As a consequence, evolution was instituted into the system, and as will naturally follow, death and disorder is the outcome.
A little above the winged figure in Ursa Major, and apparently joined to the dipper handle by several stars, we find the small but Interesting Constellation Corona Borealis.
The group, as a whole, resembles a crown and is not difficult to find. This crown overhangs the winged emblem of Isis, having one end ornamented with the Egyptian Handled Tau or Ankh. This group, together with the major portion of those stars composing the constellation Hercules, and those lying between Hercules and the small groups Sagitta and Aquila, not only resemble the eagle and Uraeus, but we are also able to detect here One Form Of The Feather Or Plume Which was worn upon the head-dress of the Egyptian. The head of the Uraeus adjoins one side of the crown and the feather the other side, while the great eagle's head is merely that of the serpent seen from a different angle. The legs of the eagle extend toward and grasp a head-like object which is quite a conspicuous figure in the Galaxy, and embraces the groups Sagitta and Aquila and portions of both Hercules and Vulpecula. The body of the bird extends through Hercules and embraces the crown; while its head adorns one end of a peculiarly shaped Figure Much Resembling The Human Heart.