17 Oliver, p. 51.

18 Our authorities as to the exact nature of Quivil's work about the Transepts, are, I apprehend, solely and exclusively, the Fabric Rolls. It was from these, no doubt, that Hoker and perhaps even the Exeter Chronicle, got their information; which they magnified, as is pointed out in the text, into something quite different from the reality. Thus, that Hoker wrote from a cursory inspection of the Rolls is plain, from his giving 1286 as the date of Quivil's beginning to touch the Towers. For this is at first sight, and without a lynx-eyed inspection, the earliest date of any Roll in Quivil's Episcopate. But the date which he (and Oliver after him) took to be 1286, is really of 1280, Quivil's first year. The Exeter Chronicle, still not quite correctly, though no doubt instructed by the Rolls, gives 1288, as we have seen. All the Fabric Rolls tell us is as follows: and it is only by architectural considerations that we can safely interpret it, and ascertain the limits of the work done. 1280. (Oliver mistook the figure for 1286.) "In muro prosternendo sub archa de tur. Set. Johannis 2s. 3d. et ad magnam fenestram in turri Set. Johannis aperiendum." This proves that the transeptal Arch existed already: the wall rose to some height under it. (See further below.) Other expences about the window follow: but the glazing was deferred until 1285. We see here that the Southern Tower (St. John's) was done first. "1285. Pro una fenestra vitrea in turr. Scti Johannis;" i.e., for one glass window in St. John's Tower, 5s. For a window in St. Paul's Tower, 198. 2 1/2d. For glazing it, 68. For removing the altar of St. Paul, and enlarging the window, 12d. Six workmen three days in throwing down the wall in the arch of St. Paul." 1287. "A new window made in St. Paul's (the Northern) Tower; and the altar removed from St. John's Tower, viz., into the reconstructed Chapel of St. John, east of the Tower: which is thus proved to be Quivil's work, being an enlargement of the chapel of Marshall's time; the sloping weathering of which still remains.

19 See obit of Quivil, in Oliver, p. .51: where we read that he conferred great benefits on the Cathedral by his gifts and also, "eandem Ecclesiam quoad novam ejus fabricam ampliando." Quivil's work did really "enlarge the Church by the new work" done in it: but not externally however, nor as regards the nave; but only by throwing the Tower-spaces into it. These were therefore cut off, as I conceive, by two arches below, and perhaps by other arches above, from the body of the Church, just as is the case with the north part of the north Transept of Winchester to this day.

20 The same view of Hoker's statement is taken by Dean Lyttleton, afterwards Bishop of Durham, in his valuable tract, published by the Antiquarian Society in 1732.

21 It is a matter of inference that we have actual mention of the St. Mary Magdalene Chapel window in the Bolls. The facts are, that we have mention in 1284 of considerable works about "the Toioer of St. Mary Magdalene: Turrim in capella B. M. Magdalene." Two carpenters are employed at 2s. 8d. a week, and an assistant at 7 1/2d. Now the throwing down of the great Tower wall cost only 2s. 3d., as we have seen. This expence, then, cannot surely refer merely to the staircase turret of the chapel, but implies larger works. And I observe that the term "turris " is used with some latitude for any lofty and semi-detached erection. Thus we have in this same Roll, expenses about the "turris ultra scac-carium;" meaning the upper storey of the North Porch: which we should certainly not call "a tower." We proceed to the next year's expenses (1285), and find again "for work in the Chapel of S. My Magdalene, 5s 8d." Then follows, "Ad fenestram largiorem faciendam in turri predicta, et ad altare ejus removendum" 6s. 4d.: glazing the same window, 3s. 9d." What can " in turri predicts" refer to, but to the Chapel? for the glazing is half as much as that of the great Tower window. If this then be granted, we have the east window, as well as other large works of restoration here stated to be Quivil's.

22 Quae quidem capellae tempore confectionis presentium fuerunt in construendo."

23 Obit of Quivil, as above, Note 19.

24 E. A. Freeman, Wells Cathedral, p. 76.

25 Wharton's Anglia Sacra, i. 567, quoted by E. A. Freeman, Ibid, p. 178.

26 Hoker says of Bitton, "He continued in the building of his Church:" as indeed the Rolls largely testify: as does an appropriation deed, August 17, 1310, giving Westleigh to the Chapter (Oliver, p. 177).

27 Hoker testifies that he had bestowed large gifts on the Church, not only in his lifetime, but in his last will.

28 Roll 1301, "300 stones from Silverton ad voltam." "Ad 49 claves, 8 sars et alias particulas voltae depingendas, una cum auro, argento, azura, et al. coloribus, 26l." " For painting 49 bosses, 8 corbels and other portions of the vaulting, with gold, silver, azure, and other colours, 26l." The vaulting of the Lady Chapel, on uncovering it, has been found, accordingly, to be of the indestructible volcanic or "trap" stone found at Silverton, Thorverton, etc. The strange word "sars," or "surs," occurs frequently, and must mean "source," an old French term for a corbel or bracket; a "springer." (Walcotts Sacred Archceology, s. v. Corbel.)

29 Fabric Roll, 1303-4

"Wages of Thomas, plumber, for covering over the Chapel of B.V.M. and other parts of the new work." ad cooperiend. super capellam B. M. et alibi super novum opus."