I propose, in the following pages, to speak of the Architectural History of Exeter Cathedral; noticing by the way some of the characteristic features, or peculiar merits, of the structure.

What then, is the Architectural History and Chronology of the stately Fane, which, for more than 800 years, in one form and another, has, in the words of Ruskin, "lifted, from the midst of our populous city, grey cliffs of lonely stone into the midst of sailing birds, and silent air?"

Chronological Ground Plan Of Exeter Cathedral

Chronological Ground Plan Of Exeter Cathedral.

Dates Of Bishops, And Their Work, Known Or Conjectured

Bishop.

Date.

Work.

1.

Leofric

1050-1072

Saxon Cathedral.

2.

Osbern

1072-1103

3.

W. Warelwast

1107-1136

Began Norman Cathedral (Towers, Choir with Apse and Nave).

4.

Chichester

1138-1155

Building continued.

5.

R. Warelwast

1155-1160

Buried in Old Choir.

6.

Bartholomew

1161-1184

7.

John the Chanter

1186-1191

Building resumed.

8.

Hen. Marshall

1194-1206

Completed Transition Norman Cathedral; longer Choir, Lady Chapel, and six other Chapels; North Porch, Cloister Doorway.

9.

Simon of Apulia

1214-1223

Tomb in Lady Chapel.

10.

Bruere

1224-1244

Chapter House,stalls in old Choir.

11.

Blondy

1245-1257

12.

Bronescombe

1257-1280

Chapels of St. Gabriel, St. Mary Magdalene, and St. James restored.

13.

Quivil

1280-1291

Designed Decorated Cathedral; Transformed Transepts, with Chapels, east bay of Nave, Lady Chapel, and adjacent Chapels, Retrochoir.

14.

Bitton

1292-1307

Transformed entire Choir, with its Aisles.

15.

Stapeldon

1308-1326

Transformed Choir Transepts ; built Organ screen, Sedilia, Bishop's throne, began Cloister.

16.

Berkeley

1326-1327

17.

Grandisson

1327-1369

Transformed six west bays of Nave, vaulting, aisles, west window, north Cloister.

18.

Brantyngham

1370-1394

East window, west front, Cloisters.

19.

Stafford

1395-1419

Tomb canopies in Lady Chapel.

20.

Ketterick

1419

21.

Lacey

1420-1455

Raised Chapter House ; glazed Nave windows.

22.

Neville

1458-1465

East window of Chapter House.

23.

Bothe

1465-1478

Roof of Ditto.

24.

Courtenay

1478-1486

Upper part of Towers.

25.

Fox

1487-1491

West front (northern entrance ?)

26.

King

1492-1495

27.

Redmayn

1496-1501

28.

Arundell

1502-1503

29.

Oldham

1504-1519

Oldham and Speke Chapels ; 11 Chapel screens, screen round choir.

30.

Veysey

1519-1551

Speke Chapel finished.

Authorities

Date.

Original Charters in Cathedral Archives.

(1) Ethelred, Confirming Ealdred as Bishop of S. German's No. 2070 .......................

994

(2) Canute, Confirming. Privileges of S. German's, No 2071 ••• • •

1018

(3) Edward Confessor, Conveying Holcombe Manor to hi Chaplain, Leofric ...

1044

(4) Ditto, Founding See of Exeter, and installing Leofric Bishop, No. 2072 ..

1050

Fabric Rolls, 108 in number ................

1279-1514

Deed of Gift (No. 668 in Muniments, Exeter Cathedral), b; Bishop Bruere, of site for Chapter House

1225

Ditto by Bishop Bronescombe, of Buckerell Church, for Chaplains in S. Gabriel's Chapel ...

1280

Registers of Bishops (Bronescombe's, etc.) ...

1257-1520

Chronicon Breve Exon Ecclesiae, Cathedral Archives No. 3265

c. 1400

Leland's Itinerary

c 1538

Hoker's (or Vowell's) History

c. 1540

Izacke, Richard and Samuel, Antiquities of Exeter

1677-1724

Dean Lyttelton's Tract

1732

Britton's History and Antiquities of Exeter Cathedral

1826

Transactions of Exeter Architectural Society, vol. i.

1853

Oliver, Lives of Bishops' of Exeter, and History of Exeter ...

1861

Handbook of Exeter Cathedral (Murray). ...

Hewett's History and Description...........

Chronological Summary

FIRST PERIOD.

Date.

Saxon Cathedral

1050

SECOND PERIOD.

Norman and Transition Cathrdral:- Begun

1112

Finished

c. 1200

THIRD PERIOD.

Early English Chapter House

1224-1244

Choir Stalls

1224-1244

Retrochoir windows

1230

Chapels of S. Mary Magdalene and S. Gabriel and S. James Restored

1257-1280

FOURTH PERIOD.

Decorated Cathedral (by transformation of entire Norman-Transition Cathedral)

1280-1370

FIFTH PERIOD.

Perpendicular Works,

.

Chapter House (upper part), East Window, Western Screen; Speke and Oldham Chapels, Screens of Eleven Chapels, new Cloisters, etc.

1380-1520

3 S. John the Baptists Chapel. 4chapel of the holy ghost.

5 North Porch.

6 8. Paul's Chapel.

7 Sylke's Chantry.

8 8. Andrew's Chapel.

9 Speke's or S. George's Chantry.

10 Bp. Oldham's Chantry.

11 8. James Chapel.

12 8. Mary Magdalene's Chapel. 13 8. Gabriels Chapel.

First Period - Saxon Cathedral 1050 - 1112

Now, that there was a Church here, the Church of the Monastery of St. Mary and St. Peter, in early Saxon days, we know. And further, when Leofric, the last Bishop of Devonshire, and of Exeter the first, was translated hither from Crediton sixteen years before the Norman Conquest (1050), that Monastic Church, restored and erected into a Cathedral, received him: for Edward the Confessor, and his Queen attended by a crowd of nobles and ecclesiastics, placed the Bishop on his throne in St. Peter's Church. Of this Saxon Cathedral it cannot be affirmed with certainty that any portion survives(1)