In reply to question 15 of Part II, "What suggestions have you to offer concerning household conveniences?" a number of interesting replies have been received. One student from Massachusetts sends in a photograph of a home-made butler's table on wheels. She says: "It is 39 inches long, 22 inches in width in the middle, and slants till at the ends it is 16 inches. This allows it to go through doorways without so much danger of bumping. The small wheels are put on like castors, on swivels, thus allowing the table to turn completely around, which is a great convenience. It is used for setting the table, clearing away the dishes, etc.
A number have spoken of the convenience of shallow closets or wardrobes when there is not space for a large closet. These sometimes have double doors that open the full width of the closet, thus bringing everything into view. Sometimes the lower portion is made into drawers.
One describes a chest of very large drawers that run on rollers and so are easily pulled out. Skirts were placed full length in these drawers.
Another tells of a horizontal curtain pole placed high up in a large closet. This is used for hanging of dresses, each on its own dress hanger. A stick with a hook on the end served to put up and take down the hangers. Others place the pole under the closet shelf where it serves a similar purpose of economizing space.
An ingenious arrangement for an ironing board is described by an Illinois student. The board is hinged at the wide end and has a hinged leg near the other end. When not in use, the board may be swung up into the narrow closet in which it fits, and the door closed. The closet contains the irons and other appliances and materials used for ironing.
A number have written of the convenience of a narrow space in the butler's pantry to receive extra table leaves when they are not in use.
A china closet described has a small space with upright slats in it, between which dinner platters are placed without fear of breakage. In the same house the space under the front stairs, which was too shallow for a closet, was utilized for a number of drawers.
Clothes chutes from the bath room to the laundry and built-in refrigerators with arrangements for filling the ice compartment from the outside, as illustrated in some of the plans, seem to be fully appreciated.
Quite a number have spoken of the convenience of an upper balcony for airing bed clothes, brushing rugs, clothing, etc. A Philadelphia student writes: "Last year we made one change for the sake of our daughter, then three years old. This was the addition of a balcony. My husband said it would cost no more than many men spend for tobacco. The lumber was bought and a carpenter employed to build it. The roof of the second story serving as a foundation for the porch. A railing three feet high with an eight inch ledge makes a safeguard. The roof is of canvas.
White lead was used between the floor boards to make the joints waterproof. A swing is one of the many things that the porch holds. The total cost was sixty dollars".
I have one kitchen convenience which I would suggest to housekeepers in Mexico or similar countries where it is necessary to lock the pantries. It is a long, low box with a hinged cover (something like a couch box) and is divided into compartments, which hold potatoes, onions, and other daily necessities in small quantities. One compartment is useful for holding all the old newspapers, which are put there for kindling.
Another convenience is the built-in end of my dressing room, which is arranged as follows: The top of the dresser serves as a shelf. Underneath this the space is divided into three compartments for about three feet. The center one is an open recess having hooks on the three sides. The left compartment is divided into three shelves for hats and shoes. The right compartment is divided by shelves into five compartments for the baby's clothes. The shelves are made of quarter-inch boards, removable for cleaning. Both these side closets are closed with doors, having spring latches and hooks on the inside of the doors. Below the three compartments are three shallow drawers made full width for skirts, and below these are four deep drawers made half width - two on each side - for shirt waists and pieces.
PLANS FOR A $2,000 COTTAGE.
PLANS FOR A $3,000 COTTAGE.
Several students have asked for plans of a cottage that might be built for $3,000. The accompanying plans give some idea of an inexpensive seven-room cottage with a bath room and with a laundry in the basement. Two rooms on the first floor are called bedrooms, although the front one might be used for a library if desired.
Some of the rooms might be made more attractive if bay windows were added, but any change from simple rectangular lines adds to the expense. The arrangement of the rooms should prove convenient for a small family.