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The House: Its Plan, Decoration And Care | by Isabel Bevier



As the home is so inseparably connected with the house and as our comfort and efficiency are so greatly influenced by the kind of houses in which we live, much of interest and importance centers in the study of "The House". Moreover, with the house, its evolution, decoration, and care may be associated much that is interesting in history, art, and architecture, as well as much that has a direct bearing on the daily life of the individual. These lessons are the outgrowth of some class work in which the students and I have found pleasure and profit, so I am glad to pass them on with whatever of information and inspiration they may have for another and larger class of students. If they help to a better conception and a truer appreciation of the meaning of the terms house and home, they have not failed in their purpose.

TitleThe House: Its Plan, Decoration And Care
AuthorIsabel Bevier
PublisherHome Economic Association
Year1922
Copyright1922, Home Economic Association
AmazonThe House: Its Plan, Decoration And Care
The House   Its Plan Decoration And Care.

By Isabel Bevier, Ph. M, Head Of Department Household Science, University Of Illinois Author Of U. S Government Bulletins

The House Its Plan Decoration And Care 3The House Its Plan Decoration And Care 2

Chicago American School Of Home Economics

-The Evolution Of The House
IN our study of the House it will be interesting to review briefly what is known about the earliest human habitations and the way in which the modern house has developed. It may be well to consider...
-The Evolution Of The House. Part 2
Tents Among nomadic tribes whose place of habitation is dependent upon the water supply and the pasture a movable dwelling is a necessity. A small amount of wood would serve as a frame work or supp...
-The Evolution Of The House. Part 3
Communal Life The general arrangement of the cells in these habitations indicates that the inhabitants had a communal rather than a family life. Travelers speak of the morning chant and the proclam...
-The Evolution Of The House. Part 4
Roman Houses We are indebted to the ruins of Pompeii for the knowledge we have of Roman houses. These houses were derived from the Greek house with its two courts. The plan shown is evidently the h...
-Development Of The American House
Civilization And Architecture In the previous section some steps in the evolution of the house have been briefly outlined. It is evident that social conditions and climate influence the character o...
-Domestic Architecture In The United States. Log Cabins
As we know, the log cabin was the earliest home of the colonists. The construction of the early houses was much the same though they differed in the number of rooms which they contained. Buil...
-"Old Colonial" House
This was probably the most common type, having eight rooms and a front central stair hall. The fireplaces were symmetrically located on the inner walls, while the exterior was decorated with a small ...
-"Old Colonial" House. Part 2
Limitation Of Colonial Builders The colonial builder was limited both in materials and skilled workers. He had plaster, wood, and paper, but good plasterers were scarce; carpenters were the best cr...
-"Old Colonial" House. Part 3
Deficiencies Of The Old Colonial Style While there is so much that is favorable to be said concerning the old Colonial style it is but fair that we should consider the unfavorable statements also...
-"Old Colonial" House. Part 4
Western City Houses One feature in the plans of Western city dwellings must be clearly defined. This is their openness. Not only are windows upon the average larger than in the East, but they are m...
-Test Questions. Part I. The Evolution Of The House
The following questions constitute the written reci tation which the regular members of the A. S. H. E. answer in writing and send in for the correction and comment of the instructor. They are inten...
-Part II. The Modern House
The House And The Home While the subject is The House, it is almost impossible to separate it in thought from the home for which it stands. We all appreciate that the house is not the home, as th...
-House Planning
A Complex Problem We are now to consider this subject in detail. The problems of domestic architecture are complex not simple. Its elements are numerous and varied. Ecclesiastical architecture has ...
-House Planning. Part 2
Thoroughfares The thoroughfares, too, may be classified as those intended for the family or for the servants and the family ones may be intended for public or private use; the servants' thoroughfar...
-Entrances
It is perhaps simpler to make the entrance the chief factor in the first planning, since it is such an important factor in all house plans. Quite unconsciously our impression of the house is greatly i...
-Entrances. Part 2
Porch And Vestibule Entrance In yet another type of house the entrance consists of three parts, (1) porch, (2) vestibule, (3) entrance hall. This entrance may be placed in the middle of the house w...
-The Farm House
Conditions On The Farm The usual distribution of the first floor space into kitchen, dining room, living room, and parlor or reception room with hall and vestibule which has been suggested in these...
-Rooms
The Hall The entrances and halls considered indicate a few of the ways in which the thoroughfares of the lower floor may be treated in the distribution of the floor space. The width of the hall wil...
-Rooms. Part 2
The Living Room In this room the family life is to center. Provision is to be made in it for the needs of the various members. It should then have, if possible, the best view the situation affords,...
-Rooms. Part 3
Sliding Doors Perhaps in this connection a mild protest may be entered against a too generous use of sliding doors between the parlor, library, living room and dining room. They may prove useful wh...
-Rooms. Part 4
Size A room ten by twelve feet is usually sufficient for the purpose. Opinions differ greatly concerning the details of the kitchen. Some women prefer a very small kitchen and a large pantry with p...
-Stairs
It may be well to face the difficulties squarely and to decide just what is to be expected of a stairs. First: That it shall afford an easy means of transition from the first to the second floor. The ...
-Second Floor Plan
The division of floor space here into rooms and thoroughfares should receive careful attention. The rooms are likely to be used for bedrooms; possibly the family sitting room may be here. If so it sho...
-Apartments
Nothing yet has been said about apartments or flats in which all the rooms are on one floor. The building of apartments is increasing rapidly in the large cities where land is expensive, because rents...
-Test Questions. Part II. The Modern House
Read Carefully Place your name and address on the first sheet of the test. Use a light grade of paper and write on one side of the sheet only. Do not copy answers from the lesson paper. Use your ow...
-Part III. Construction Of The House
Outline Perhaps an outline will afford the simplest method for suggesting some of the points to be considered in the construction of the house. (1) Structure adapted to Location, Environment, Pu...
-Construction Of The House. Part 2
Superstructure Of The House (I) Framing Balloon, Braced. (2) Walls Materials, Wood, Stone, Brick, Shingles. (3) Floors Construction, Single, Double, Manner of laying, Deafening, Sweeping mold...
-Construction Of The House. Part 3
Floors Floors should be of well-dried, carefully selected material. The beams are usually two inches thick and ten inches wide; but if one or two inches be added to each of these dimensions the ext...
-Floors
Material Volumes might be written upon the subject of floors and their finishing, covering and care. Pine, hard and soft, maple, ash, and oak are the kinds of timber most often used in floors. Soft...
-Floors. Part 2
Varnished Floors Varnished floors are perhaps easiest to keep clean and when newly finished look well, but they are easily marred and become unsightly in places where there is much wear, especially...
-Floors. Part 3
Kitchen Floor No entirely satisfactory finish for the kitchen floor has yet been found. The time honored way of scrubbing with soap and water makes the whitest and cleanest looking floor, it is tru...
-Floors. Part 4
Examples Hard pine is now hardly more expensive than soft pine and, if of the proper grade and sawing, makes a very satisfactory floor at a moderate cost. The best finish is to treat it with boiled...
-Decoration And Furnishing
No problems of household management are perhaps more trying to the average woman than those of decoration and furnishing. The daily paper will provide her with menus for every day in the week, with di...
-Decoration And Furnishing. Part 2
Low Ceiling Again, if the ceiling be low a striped paper, where stripes extend from baseboard to ceiling, will make the ceiling appear higher than it really is. The apparent height of windows ma...
-Decoration And Furnishing. Part 3
Principle Of Gradation One more principle is of universal application in the consideration of color effects. It is known as the principle of gradation. According to it the strongest tones of color ...
-Decoration And Furnishing. Part 4
Definite Plan One should have a definite plan in mind for the decoration and furnishing of the whole house before it is begun. Possibly only the color scheme for the walls can be realized the first...
-Decoration And Furnishing. Part 5
The Living Room A two-toned green paper with a cream ceiling, weathered oak furniture and wood work, with Oriental rugs or American ones in shades of browns and a little red, make a satisfactory li...
-Decoration And Furnishing. Part 6
Placing Of Fixtures One feels inclined to turn aside for a moment from the purely decorative effects in the kitchen furnishing to plead for a careful placing of the essential furnishings, range, si...
-Draperies
Color A word should be said in this connection regarding draperies for they have a potent influence in making or marring the artistic effect of the room. If of the right color and suitable material...
-Furniture
Draperies, furnishings and furniture are so closely related and so integral a part of decoration that it is difficult to tell in what order they should be considered. We have treated of the wall an...
-Furniture. Continued
Mission And Morris Furniture With these types which show so much of beauty and grace of proportion may be contrasted our modern Mission furniture, where strength seems often to have been exaggera...
-Care Of The House
Changes However carefully a house may have been planned it is indeed rare that the result is perfect. Very many have not even the opportunity to plan for themselves and either buy houses built for ...
-Care Of The House. Part 2
Painting The staining and painting of floors has already been spoken of. The woodwork of a parlor may often be brought into better harmony with the rest of the room by coats of cream-colored paint....
-Care Of The House. Part 3
Tools The tool box should contain a few ordinary tools, such as a hammer - two sizes preferable - a screw driver, gimlet, awl, pliers, a saw, a chisel, and plane. A key-hole saw is light and conven...
-Care Of The House. Part 4
Lacquer The ornamental brass work about the house as gas and electric fixtures and some of the silver-plated ware is coated with a thin transparent varnish called lacquer. This prevents the polis...
-Housekeeping
A word more instead of a section must be said in closing about the care of such a house as is described in these pages. Happily the days are passing when the feeling prevails that anyone can keep hou...
-Test Questions. Part III. Construction Of The House
Read Carefully Place your name and address on the first sheet of the test. Use a light grade of paper and write on one side of the sheet only. Leave space between the answers for the notes of the i...
-Houses Of The Transitional Period
In the papers which I have received it is evident from the answers to the question in Lesson I on the transitional house that much misunderstanding exists in regard to it. By some it seems to be inter...
-Color In Decoration
Since the words concerning color were written a number of new books treating of this subject have come into the author's hands. One of the most helpful of these is Ward's Color Harmony and Contrast....
-Color In Decoration. Continued
Most of the bad or poor combinations may be made into agreeable harmonies when a third color is added to the group, which, on the other hand, may shatter the harmony of a pair that combine well toget...
-Household Conveniences
In reply to question 15 of Part II, What suggestions have you to offer concerning household conveniences? a number of interesting replies have been received. One student from Massachusetts sends in ...
-Completed House Plans
Question XI in Part II asks the student to complete the plan preferred of those illustrated in the text. Reprints of Plans 4 and 5 on cross section paper being furnished by the school, most of the stu...
-The Cost Of Building
There is no prospective owner or builder of a home but desires to know of some way of arriving at as near an approximation of its actual cost as it is possible in advance. The problem, difficult enoug...
-The Cost Of Building. Part 2
Simple Plans Least Expensive As a general rule, it may be said that a house in which the plan is simple and uninvolved, with square angles and rooms large rather than small, and with stories not to...
-The Cost Of Building. Part 3
Exterior Finish The walls of a house may be covered upon the exterior cheapest with clapboards, which require painting at least every two years and sometimes oftener. Shingles - those obtainable to...
-The Cost Of Building. Part 4
Methods Of Estimating Costs The two most common means of estimating the cost of a dwelling are (1) judging of the comparative amount and expense of its finish - including masonry, frame, floors, wa...
-The Cost Of Building. Part 5
Items In The Contract On a five thousand dollar wooden frame house - a small dwelling, as prices run now - the various items of the contract would average about as follows: Foundatio...
-The Cost Of Building. Part 6
The Ideal And The Real It rarely happens that the house-builders ideas of what he wants to pay and his requirements as to number of rooms, their size and location, are co-ordinated one to the other...
-The Cost Of Building. Part 7
Cost Of Finishing Woods The cost of woods for finish - as has already been said - varies in different sections of the country so extensively from time to time, that it is impossible to give any exa...
-The Cost Of Building. Part 8
Painting Of Interior Woodwork A room of Colonial design is ordinarily best carried out in cream-white painted woodwork, as was done in most residences of the Colonial period, frequently the doors b...
-The Cost Of Building. Part 9
Style Or Design Of Work As to the style of treatment of the woodwork it may be that in the matter of interior house finish both client and architect are too easily and generally ruled by convention...









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previous page: The Principles And Practice Of Modern House-Construction | by G. Lister Sutcliffe
  
page up: Architecture and Construction Books
  
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