This section is from the book "Modern Buildings, Their Planning, Construction And Equipment Vol5", by G. A. T. Middleton. Also available from Amazon: Modern Buildings.
Exceptions other than mere variations from the generally accepted type are rarely found, but an entirely unusual church has just been erected as the chapel to the King Edward VII. Sanatorium at Midhurst, from the designs of Mr. H. Percy Adams, F.R.I.B.A. (Fig. 7). This being an institution for the treatment of consumptive patients on the open - air system, it was necessary to plan the church on entirely-new lines, and the device has been adopted of dividing the nave into two arms which open out from the chancel like the two arms of the letter V, having an open colonnade or cloister along the inner side of the arms to serve as aisle passage ways from which the seats are reached, and perfectly open to the air. A considerable amount of trouble had to be taken with the plan, in order that the whole of the chancel might be visible throughout both the arms and to give architectural effect. An organ space has been contrived centrally opposite one arm and the vestry door correspondingly opposite the other, the chancel occupying half of an irregular octagon at the junction of the arms. Between these arms is a courtyard, with a second pulpit at their junction for the purpose of holding open-air services whenever the weather permits, so that the closed-in church will only be utilised occasionally or for communion purposes; while if a shower should occur in the midst of an open-air service the congregation can pass into their seats immediately by means of the cloister. There is a narthex at the end of each arm to provide approach independently of the courtyard, up a flight of steps, and a subway is contrived beneath the cloister for the necessary pipes for heating and lighting purposes.
Another somewhat exceptional building is a school chapel. Like a hospital chapel, this is a comparatively private edifice, and so need not strictly conform with the Church of England rubric - in neither case, for instance, is a font necessary, and in each it is desirable to provide special seating for the inmates and for visitors, and sometimes in hospitals for the separation of the men and the women, or for different classes of patients. The chapel shown in Fig. 8 is one which is attached to a small private school designed by Messrs. Seth-Smith & Munro. The boys are scattered over a considerable area of land, where they live in separate houses, and so approach the chapel by an external porch, though in many schools it is reached by a cloister. In this case the visitors are seated in the gallery, the stairs to which occur close to the porch, while a special pew for the headmaster's family is arranged at the east end, so as to be accessible from the corridor communicating with his house. There is no separate chancel, but a small space is screened off at the east end to serve as a sanctuary. The prayers are read from the private pew, and only a lectern and pulpit are provided. As the singing is entirely congregational there has been no necessity to provide for a choir at all, though in many schools this forms an important feature. Of passage ways there are two, neither of these being central, there being no necessity to think of either weddings or funerals, the only requirement being that of easy access to all the seats. The organ chamber is scarcely part of the chapel at all, being arranged as one of a suite of rooms at its north side, which are devoted to musical purposes.
It is by no means uncommon in school chapels to arrange the seats longitudinally so that the boys face one another instead of looking eastwards. This renders supervision easy, which has probably been the reason for its adoption, but it somewhat restricts the accommodation. Another plan, followed at the Felsted chapel, is that of placing the seats for the masters and visitors with their backs to the wall, while the boys' seats occupy the body of the chapel. The masters' seats are on a higher level, and consequently the rows of boys are under inspection from both sides, with the result that undetected misbehaviour is almost impossible.