These are made of finer stoneware paste than that used for pipes, for they receive a glaze.

The moulding is done by hand, and the shape is usually square (Fig. 906) or angular (Fig. 908) for corner sinks. The firing takes place in reverberatory kilns, the sinks being protected by saggers. Glazing is generally effected by salting, or, when the paste allows of it, with alkalino-boracic plumbiferous enamels, which are sometimes made opaque; more often, however, the colour of the paste, which is slightly yellowish, is left visible.

Stoneware Sinks

Fig. 906.

Stoneware Sinks 330

Fig. 907.

Stoneware Sinks 331

Fig. 90S.

Stoneware Sinks 332

Fig. 909.

Stoneware Sinks 333

Fig. 910.

Fig. 906. Rectangular Sink (Soc. des produits eeramiques de Boulogne). Fig. 907. -Rectangular Sink with Flutings (Jacob et Cie.). Fig. 908. - Angular Sink (Rousseau et Cie.). Fig. 909. - Stoneware Bracket (Boulogne). Fig. 910. - Sink on Bracket with Siphon (Jacob et Cie.).

Sinks. Applications

The advantage of stoneware over stone sinks is their complete imperviousness, which renders them easy to keep clean.

The fixing of them depends upon local conditions; when the sink is placed against a wall, it is supported by brackets of the same substance (Fig. 909). The evacuation pipe is provided with a siphon and discharge plug.

Particulars Of Stoneware Sinks

Dimensions in Centimetres.

Weight in Kilogrammes.

Price in Francs.

Remarks.

Length.

Breadth.

Interior Depth.

Rectangular Sinks.

45

35

6

12 to I4.5

12

The brackets are 0.75 m., 0.78 m., or I 111. in height, and cost 30 francs the pair.

50

40

7

19

14.50

60

40

8

24 to 27

18

65

45

8

12

21.50

75

45

9

34 to 35

24

80

55

9

46 to 50

31.50

90

55

10

50 to 52

40

100

60

10

65 to 67

46

110

60

10

64 to 73

58

Angular Sinks.

40

63

5

11

0

Prices taken from the catalogues of 'Jacob et Cie., Societe" de Boulogne, and Rousseau et Cie. Reduction made for large orders.

45

70

6

• • •

15

50

78

6

16

13

55

85

8

24

17

60

95

10

27

21

70

55

10

25

17

75

60

10

29

21

Urinals, Seats, And Pans

These are made either in enamelled stoneware, felspar faience, or even in porcelain. In the last two cases, the pastes are white and delicate, and receive a glaze similar to those applied to faiences and porcelains.

Fig. 911.

Urinals Seats And Pans 334

Fig. 912.

Urinals Seats And Pans 335

Fig. 9I3.

Urinals Seats And Pans 336

Fig. 914.

Urinals Seats And Pans 337

Fig. 915.

Urinals Seats And Pans 338

Fig. 916.

Urinals Seats And Pans 339

Fig. 917.

Urinals Seats And Pans 340

Fig. 918.

Urinals Seats And Pans 341

Fig. 919.

Enamelled Stoneware Kennel stones for Urinals.

Fig. 911 to 919. Enamelled Stoneware Kennel-stones for Urinals.

Figs. 911, 912, and 913 represent block kennel-stones of white enamelled stoneware, serving to carry off the urine from the floor. The end-piece (Fig. 913) has a cover. The stoneware kennel-stones (Figs. 914, 915, 916) are of different shape but are used for the same purpose. Figs. 917, 918, and 919 represent trough urinals and are also of enamelled stoneware; the entrance piece (Fig. 919) has a tube for admission of water, and the issue piece (Fig. 917) has another for carrying off the liquids.

Fig. 920.

Fig. 921.

Bracket Urinals (Jacob et Cie., Soc. ceram. de Boulogne).

Fig. 922.

Figs. 910 to 921. Bracket Urinals (Jacob et Cie., Soc. ceram. de Boulogne).

A La Turque Seats Of Enamelled Stoneware

The bracket urinals (Figs. 920 to 922) are of white enamelled stoneware or of faience, and cost from 20 to 30 francs each.

The seats called "a la turque" (Figs. 923 to 928) are of various shapes. The one in Fig. 923 is of enamelled stoneware, and its accessories comprise a galvanised grating, a bronze waterspout, and a siphon of enamelled stoneware (Fig. 925). The complete apparatus (Fig. 923) is quoted at 137 francs.

The canted seats (Fig. 928), circular (Fig. 927), or school seats (Fig. 926) are fitted up in different ways. Figs. 929 and 930 represent a good arrangement which ensures a thorough washing of all the sides of the closet. The partitions are built installation OF AN "A LA turque" seat (Soc. ceramique de Boulogne).of enamelled "bardeaux," and the sloping surface washed is itself of enamelled stoneware. This arrangement gives good results but requires a great deal of water; each compartment, including the reservoir but not fixing, costs 300 francs.

Fig. 923.

Fig. 924.

A La Turque Seats Of Enamelled Stoneware 344

Fig. 925.

Fig. 926.

A La Turque Seats Of Enamelled Stoneware 345

Fig. 917.

A La Turque Seats Of Enamelled Stoneware 346A La Turque Seats Of Enamelled Stoneware 347

Fig. 928.

Figs. 913 to 915. Societe des produits ceramiques de Boulogne. Figs. 926 to 928. - Rousseau et Cie.

Fig. 929. Seat before Cleaning.

Fig. 930. Seat during Cleaning.

Figs 931 and 934 represent other types of installations of common closets with "a la turque" seats fitted up by the engineers in several military establishments, notably at the Ecole poly technique. The seats in installation 932 are laid over a collector which is formed of the several detached pieces represented in Figs. 894, 895, 896. The flush water enters at one end and issues at the other, while a siphon prevents communication between the air and the drain.

Fig. 931.

A La Turque Seats Of Enamelled Stoneware 348

Fig. 932.

A La Turque Seats Of Enamelled Stoneware 349A La Turque Seats Of Enamelled Stoneware 350

Fig. 933.

A La Turque Seats Of Enamelled Stoneware 351

Fig. 934.

Figs. 931 to 934. Types of Installation Common Closets with "a la Turquc" Seat (Jacob et Cie.).

Pans Of Various Kinds

The pans are made of fine enamelled stoneware or of porcelain, and are moulded by hand. They may consist of pan and siphon in a single piece (Figs. 935, 938, 941, 945), or of pans with separate siphons (Figs. 939, 940). Some have direct flush (Figs. 939, 941, 945), others have interrupted flush (Figs. 936, 943). The price of a pan with siphon varies from 40 to 60 francs according to the decoration.

Fig. 935.

Fig. 936..

Fig. 937.

Fig. 938.

Pans Of Various Kinds 352

Fig. 939.

Pans Of Various Kinds 353

Fig. 940.

Pans Of Various Kinds 354

Fig. 941.

Pans Of Various Kinds 355

Fig.942.

Pans Of Various Kinds 356

Fig. 943.

Pans Of Various Kinds 357

Fig. 944.

Fig. 945.

Pans Of Various Kinds 358

Figs. 935. 936. Soft ceram. dc Boulogne.

Figs. 937 to 941. Jacob et Cie.

Fig. 946. Installation uf a Closet with Flush-pan (Soc, ceramique de Boulogne).

The installation of a closet with pan and flush to the drain is represented in Fig. 946; it comprises: a descent pipe A, a pan 11, a flush reservoir containing 10 litres of water, a flush-pipe C, a feed-pipe D with pull E, a ventilation-pipe F, and a hinged seat G of varnished wood.

The apparatus for an installation of this kind, namely: pan, mahogany hinged seat, flush reservoir with chain and pipes, costs from 50 to 170 francs, according to the style of the pan. We must add to this price the cost of fitting up, and the facing of the walls when they are faced with quarries.

Drinking-Fountains - Washstands

These are made of white enamelled stoneware or of porcelain. Some (Figs. 948, 949) have a siphon below; in others the siphon is of metal and is fitted to the evacuation pipe.

Fig. 947.

Fig. 948.

Drinking Fountains Washstands 359

Fig. 949.

Fig. 950.

Figs. 947 and 950. Jacob et Cie.

Figs. 948, 949. Soc. cemm. de Boulogne

The price of porcelain basins (Figs. 947, 950) varies from 30 to 45 francs for a diameter of 0.26 m. or 0.30 m.; that of drinking-fountains varies from 35 to So francs according to size and ornamentation. They are also made in felspar faience.