books



previous page: The Elements Of Drawing & The Elements Of Perspective | By J. M. Dent & Sons
  
page up: Art and Photography Books
  
next page: The Proportions Of The Human Body | by Bertram C. A. Windle

Constructive Anatomy | by George B. Bridgman



The drawings that are presented here show the conceptions that have proved simplest and most effective in constructing the human figure. The eye in drawing must follow a line or a plane or a mass. In the process of drawing, This may become a moving line, or a moving plane, or a moving mass. The line, in actual construction, must come first. But as mental construction must precede physical, so the concept of mass must come first, that of plane second, that of line last think in masses, define them in lines.

TitleConstructive Anatomy
AuthorGeorge B. Bridgman
PublisherEdward C. Bridgman
Year1920
Copyright1920, Edward C. Bridgman
AmazonConstructive Anatomy

Introduction

The drawings that are presented here show the conceptions that have proved simplest and most effective in constructing the human figure.

The eye in drawing must follow a line or a plane or a mass. In the process of drawing, this may become a moving line, or a moving plane, or a moving mass. The line, in actual construction, must come first; but as mental construction must precede physical, so the concept of mass must come first, that of plane second, that of line last.

Think in masses, define them in lines.

Masses of about the same size or proportion are conceived not as masses, but as one mass; those of different proportions, in respect to their movement, are conceived as wedging into each other, or as morticed or interlocking.

The effective conception is that of wedging.

-General Anatomy, Masses And Movements Of The Body, The Hand, Anatomy
General Anatomy Bones constitute the pressure system of the body. In them are expressed, therefore, laws of architecture, as in the dome of the head, the arches of the foot, the pillars of the legs, ...
-Masses, The Wrist, Anatomy, Masses, Movements
Masses The masses of the hand are two - one that of the hand proper, the other that of the thumb. The first of these is beveled from knuckles to wrist on the edge; from wrist to knuckles on the flat...
-The Hand. Construction, The Thumb, Anatomy, Masses, Movements
The Hand. Construction In the hand as in the figure there is an action and an inaction side. The side with the greatest angle is the action side, the opposite is the inaction or straight side. With ...
-The Fingers, Anatomy, Masses, Movements, Fingers. Creases
The Fingers Anatomy Each of the four fingers has three bones (phalanges, soldiers). Each phalanx turns on the one above, leaving exposed the end of the higher bone. There are no muscles below th...
-The Forearm, Anatomy And Movements, Masses, The Arm, Anatomy
The Forearm Anatomy And Movements In the forearm are two bones, lying side by side. One is large at the wrist, forming two-thirds of the joint; the other is large at the elbow, where it also for...
-Extensor Group. From External Condyle Of Humerus, Flexor Group. From Internal Condyle Of Humerus, The Shoulder, Anatomy, Movements, Masses
Extensor Group. From External Condyle Of Humerus Extensor Digitorum Communis From external condyle to second and third phalanges of all fingers. Action Extends fingers. Extensor Minimi Digiti Fr...
-The Armpit, The Neck, Movements Of The Neck
The Armpit The hollow of the arm, tilled with its friction hairs, is made into a deep pit by the great breast muscle (pectoralis major) in front, and the greater latissimus dorsi behind. Its floor s...
-The Head, The Head. Construction Lines In Perspective, Masses
The Head For so long a time has the oval been used as the basis for the construction of the human head and face that the use of the block or cube seems quite revolutionary. Yet for many reasons the ...
-The Head. Planes, The Head - Profile, Planes, The Eye, Comparisons
The Head. Planes The plane of the forehead slopes upward and backward to become the cranium; and the sides turn sharply to the plane of the temples. The plane of the face, divided by the nose, is br...
-The Nose, Comparisons, The Ear, The Mouth
The Nose The nose is made of a series of wedges based on its bony structure. Where the bridge of the nose wedges in under the forehead, the two ridges of the glabella descend to form a wedge with ap...
-The Chin, The Trunk - Front View, Anatomy, Collar Bone, Muscles, Masses
The Chin Below the cleft of the chin, the chin itself protrudes. Its breadth at the base is marked by two lines which, prolonged, would meet at the septum of the nose, making a triangle that wedges u...
-The Trunk - Front View. Continued, The Torse, Profile, Torse - Back View
The Trunk - Front View. Continued More unchanging than either of the above is the mass of the abdomen. The central groove is here shallow and may lose itself below. The long wedge ends in the symphys...
-The Torse. Continued, Movements, Masses And Markings, The Trunk. Trunk, Back View. Anatomy, The Pelvis, Anatomy
The Torse. Continued Movements Movement of flexion and extension occurs almost entirely in the waist or lumbar vertebrae. Movement of side-bending occurs throughout the whole length. Movement of...
-Masses And Markings, The Hip, The Lower Limbs. Anatomy
Masses And Markings The size of the pelvis is due to its position as the mechanical axis of the body; it is the fulcrum for the muscles of the trunk and legs, and is large in proportion. Its mass inc...
-The Thigh, Anatomy, Mass, Below The Knee, Below The Knee, The Knee
The Thigh Anatomy From the head of the femur (trochanter) to the outside of the knee runs a band of tendon called the ilio-tibial band. It makes a straight line from the head of the thigh bone t...
-The Foot, Movements, Origin And Common Meaning Of Anatomical Words
The Foot As the little finger side is the heel side of the hand, so the outside of the foot is the heel side. It is flat upon the ground, continuous with the heel; it is lower than the inside - even ...









TOP
previous page: The Elements Of Drawing & The Elements Of Perspective | By J. M. Dent & Sons
  
page up: Art and Photography Books
  
next page: The Proportions Of The Human Body | by Bertram C. A. Windle