This section is from the book "Complete Self-Instructing Library Of Practical Photography", by J. B. Schriever. Also available from Amazon: Complete Self-Instructing Library Of Practical Photography.
Wash Drawings. All wash drawings are usually made over bromide enlargements; therefore, all that is required from the photographer is to make a small negative showing the attitude of the subject and a suggestion of the object of the picture. In other words, the photographer originates the ideas and arranges his subject, supplying the foundation and model for the artist to follow. With this foundation the artist works up the picture, adds in the background and completes the work.
332. In Illustration No. 73 is shown a model posed for a fashion plate to be used in illustrating men's negligee garments. The subject, as will be observed, is arranged in the act of dressing, with all garments carelessly placed on the table before him. The picture was made by an ordinary window in a tailoring establishment, using a mission table as the only accessory in carrying out the idea, the background being a crude canvas affair which answers every purpose, as this will be all blocked out by the artist. This picture was made on a 5 x 7 plate and a straight print supplied the engraver, who in turn copied the picture and made a bromide enlargement from it about 11 x 14 inches in size, and after painting out the background, leaving a plain white surface, he worked in the additional accessory in the form of a dresser, and also strengthened the appearance of the objects on the table and worked over the table itself.
The figure was then built up, the shirt and trousers all modeled to neatness, the likeness of the face changed, etc., resulting in a splendid illustration to be used for the advertising of such goods. (See Illustration No. 74.)
Business Places For Catalog Work. Ordinarily, the photographing of business places is a simple matter, yet, at times, the task is a difficult one, owing to obstructions before the building, such as telegraph poles, wires, etc., which become very annoying to the photographer. While these wires and poles are not objected to in the ordinary commercial print, yet, when the picture is desired for catalog work, they should be removed. This is more easily done when the picture is made on a large plate (not smaller than 11 x 14 inches) and glossy paper used for the print, toned to a brown color.
334. Where a large plate cannot be made, a bromide enlargement can be made from a small plate and the wires and poles painted out on the enlarged print. To paint out these objections a wash is prepared by mixing white ink or Chinese white, with India ink, so that the tint will exactly match those portions surrounding the parts to be removed. Then, by using a small brush the objectionable features are spotted out, after which the paint is allowed to dry; then, with a still finer brush, the detail in the structure is worked out over the painted out portions, thus removing all traces of the brush work. For example, in Illustrations No. 75 and No. 76 a bank building is shown before and after the pole and wires were removed. When removing the telephone pole it was necessary to use a tint which exactly matched the stone of the building, and when the pole was all taken out the detail of the building was worked in where the telephone pole had been. The wires were also worked out in a similar manner, requiring, of course, an extremely fine brush for this purpose. The lettering was accentuated with white ink applied with a very fine brush. In fact, all detail, and especially that in the fire escapes, has been slightly accentuated, and the half-tones vignetted so as to give a pleasing cut, as shown in Illustration No. 75.
Illustration No. 76
Catalog Illustration - Bank Building (Plain Photograph)
See Paragraph 334
illustration No. 75 Catalog Illustration - Bank Building (Worked-Up Print) See Paragraph 334
Courtesy of The System Co , Chicago