This section is from the book "Complete Self-Instructing Library Of Practical Photography", by J. B. Schriever. Also available from Amazon: Complete Self-Instructing Library Of Practical Photography.
483. Although for all phases of press photography the reflecting type of camera is the best to employ, a view camera may be used when photographing large groups which are arranged or posed expressly for the purpose of having their pictures taken, but the press photographer cannot carry more than one instrument; therefore, the reflecting type of camera is his all-around instrument, and for reproduction in the newspaper or magazine the 4x5 or 5 x 7 print is just as acceptable as a larger one. If large prints are desired it is possible to make enlargements up to 14x17.
484. The lens on all reflecting cameras being of the highest type - anastigmatic - it is possible to secure a perfectly sharp enlargement. If the press photographer has to hurriedly secure a photograph of a large group on level ground, he has many obstacles with which to contend. In making the photograph shown in Figure 1, Illustration No. 94, the press photographer had but a moment in which to make the exposure, but as this group contains very important personages it was extremely important that a photograph be secured. The picture was made when the party was taking a minute's exercise while the engine of their train was taking on water.
485. In securing the photograph reproduced in Figure 3, of the same illustration, more time was available in which to see that each person occupied a position within view of the camera.
486. It is important, in making a photograph of large groups, to request the members composing the group to assume a position enabling them to see the camera. If this is done their faces will be seen. The most important personages should always occupy a position in the front of the group. Included in these two photographs are the members of the Commercial Organizations of the State of Washington, who made an extended excursion to California in 1906.
487. An excellent photograph of Honorable Albert E. Meade, Governor of the State of Washington, is shown in Figure 2, of Illustration No. 94. (He occupies a central position). The exposure was made during a rain shower, and unknown to the Governor. Photographs of this kind are always in demand by newspapers as well as monthly publications, which pay fully twice as much for them as for the conventional photographs made in a studio.
Excursions. During the summer time, especially, there are, from even the smallest towns, excursions to lakes and various summer resorts, and the photographer who is ambitious and will accompany such excursions will reap a small harvest, providing he can secure a few excellent group negatives showing practically the whole party. It is not advisable to wait until you get home and have finished the pictures before you solicit orders. You should have a note-book with you, and take down the orders and receive full payment for the pictures immediately after having made the exposure. If you are known to the persons they will not hesitate to pay for their pictures in advance, and you can either mail or deliver them two or three days later.
489. During the excitement of the outing it is possible to secure fully five times as many orders as you would receive if you waited until people had returned home and partly forgotten the pleasures of the trip. In fact, if you did wait, it would be very doubtful whether you would sell enough pictures to pay for the material used. One must have a good business instinct and not be at all backward about exercising his rights and letting the excursionists know that he is the official photographer on the excursion, and that it is to him they are to look for souvenir photographs.