172. Factories

Factories. The securing of photographs of the interiors of factories is one of the most remunerative branches of this part of photography. From the fact that the photographer is looking for business, he will make it a point to thoroughly acquaint himself with different manufacturing establishments and secure a series of interior views. In the first place, these readily sell to the employees, but the main object in making photographs should be to secure a set of views showing the various departments. When the pictures are finished these may be shown to the management, who in turn will generally purchase them to be used for advertising purposes, particularly for illustrating booklets. If the photographer is progressive he will not wait to be asked by the manufacturer to make these photographs, but will take the initiative and actually go out

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Illustration No. 35 c Window Display - Artificial Illumination See Paragraph 169

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Photo by T. E. Dillon

Illustration No. 36

Interior - Bank See Paragraph 170

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Photo by T. E. Dillon

Illustration No. 37

Interior - Bank See Paragraph 170

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Photo by T. E. Dillon

Illustration No. 38

Vault Door - Closed

See Paragraph 171

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Photo by T. E. Dillon

Illustration No. 39 Vault Door - Open See Paragraph 171

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Photo by T. E. Dillon

Illustration No. 40 Interior - Composing Room See Paragraph 173

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Photo by T. E. Dillon

Illustration No. 41

Interior - Press Room

See Paragraph 174

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Photo by T. E. Dillon

Illustration No. 42

Interior - Filing Department

See Paragraph 175 after business, and there is no reason at all why success should not be met with.

173. Illustration No. 40 shows the interior of a composing-room of a large printery, which is excellently illuminated by the skylight, as well as by side windows. The subject was not at all difficult to handle, as the illumination was very uniform throughout the room. The point of view chosen was one which included the foreman's desk and shows the room to best advantage, giving one a good general idea of the arrangement and appearance of this department. A non-halation plate was used, and owing to the even illumination only a short exposure was required, even with the lens stopped down quite small to give good depth of focus.

174. Illustration No. 41 shows one of the press-rooms of a printery, which was lighted only by side windows, yet by giving the proper amount of exposure full detail was secured in all parts, and a very truthful rendering of the view obtained. The principal consideration in making this picture was the selection of point of view from which to make the picture to give a general idea of the appearance of this department.

175. The photograph reproduced in Illustration No. 42 shows an office filing department, which was lighted by side windows. By using a non-halation plate an excellent result was secured. Notice that the general arrangement is very pleasing, and that the point of view chosen was such as to show all of the room to its best advantage. A position more central or more to the right would not have given this effect; in fact, the whole appearance would then have been very set, as too much blank space would have been admitted in the foreground.

176. Illustration No. 43 - a portrait made in the office - gives a good likeness of the individual. This picture would very aptly find a place in a catalog, together with the three previously mentioned views. An exterior of the building and half-a-dozen more interior views, showing perhaps more detail work, such as the linotype machines with their operators at work, some of the large cylinder presses, the book-binding machines, the immense paper cutters, etc., all would find a place in a representative catalog of a large printery of this kind.

177. Machine Shops, Engine-Rooms, etc., as well as an endless variety of manufacturing industries, may be photographed to advantage, but the general principles involved throughout are approximately the same. The important points to bear in mind, however, are: First, the light; next the point of view; then sufficient exposure; and finally the development. As a general rule daylight may be used as the illuminant, but there are times when it will be necessary to resort to the use of artificial light in connection with daylight. If, however, the interior is illuminated with high-power arc-lights, it will be possible to make the exposure without resorting to flash materials. Wherever possible one should aim to use daylight, as better results will be obtained, especially by beginners. The manner of using artificial light is fully described in Chapter XIX (Sarony Lighting) on Artificial Light.

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Photo by T. E. Dillon

Illustration No. 43

Portrait in Private Office

See Paragraph 176

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Photo by T. E. Dillon

Illustration No. 44

Architectural Detail

See Paracrranh 179