Study No. 30. Portrait by Geo. Tingley, Mystic, Conn. The picture was made in an operating-room 20 x 30 feet; style of light, top, 45 degrees and no side light; size of light, 12 feet square. The light was diffused with curtains; lens used was Gase & Charconnet, 4-4 size, focal length, 14 inches; plate used, Cramer Crown, developed in Pyro-Soda with no after manipulation. The print was made on Platinum. (See Page 367.)

Study No. 31. Portrait by Charles C. Pike, Indianapolis, Ind. This picture was made in an operating-room 24 x 36 feet; style of light used, hip-light about 45 degrees; size of light, 12 x 14 feet. The light was used wide open and this negative was made directly across from center of the light; lens used was old style Darlot; focal length, about 15 inches; stop used, almost full opening; exposure given, 1 second; plate used, Seed's Regular, developed in Pyro with no after manipulation whatever; printing process, Platinum. (See Page 368.)

Study No. 33. Portrait by Sweet Bros., Minneapolis, Minn. This picture was hung in the Fifty-second Annual Exhibition of the Royal Photographic Society of Great Britain. The portrait was made with a 3-A Dallmeyer lens, Seed 27 Gilt-Edge plate, developed in Eikonogen and Hydroquinon developer. (See Page 376.)

Study No. 34. Portrait by J. M. Brainerd & Co., Rome, N. Y. This picture was made in an operating-room 18 x 28 feet with an extension; style of light used, vertical side light with steep high top light; size of light, 12 feet; light used wide open; lens used, was a 4-4 Voigtlander; focal length, 10 inches; stop used, F. 8; exposure given, one-half second; plate used, Imperial Standard, developed with Pyro tank development, 30 minutes, with no after manipulation; printing process, Nepera. (See Page 395.)

Remarks. - Simplicity is the rule to follow. When necessary use reflectors, screens or head screens. In the present case nothing was used except a plain white background, which helps to illuminate the subject and admits of shorter exposure.

Study No. 35. Portrait by J. L. Schneider, Baker Art Gallery, Columbus, Ohio. Subject, "The Chief Justice." This picture was made in an operating-room 22 x 50 feet; style of light, hip; size of light, side light 7 x 12, top light, 12 x 28. Skylight was diffused with curtains, also used screen between sitter and side light. The lens used, 4-B Dallmeyer; plate used, regular, developed in Pyro-Acetone. No after manipulations on the negative after development. The effect of gradation from the face to the bottom of the negative is produced with a small perforated screen vignetted in front of the lens. The print was made on Sepia Platinum paper, printed in with a tinted margin and embossed. (See Page 409.)

Study No. 38. Portrait by R. H. Kimball, Concord, N. H. Subject, "Boy With Rabbit." This picture was made in an operating-room 25 x 45 feet fitted with a double-slant light the size of which was 10 feet with a 6-foot side light and a 16-foot top light. When making this exposure the extreme top and all of the side light was shut off entirely. A side screen was used with an opening about 20 inches square close to the figure. The curtains on this screen were opaque; the lens used was a Bausch & Lomb-Zeiss Tessar, Series 2-B; focal length about 28 inches; stop used, F. 4; exposure given, 3 seconds; plate used was a Seed Gilt-Edge, developed in Pyro. There was no local reducing or after intensifying of this negative. Printing process, Willis & Clements Platinum mounted on a combination mount, first mount salmon color followed with a sepia brown. (See Page 431.)

Study No. 39. Portrait by Jamieson Sisters, Pittsburg, Pa. This picture was made in an operating-room 20 x 24 feet; style of light, single-slant; size of light, 12 x 12 feet. Light contains diffused curtains, although this picture was made with an open light. The lens used was a Goerz No. 7; plate used, Cramer Crown regular, developed in Pyro with no after manipulation; print made on backed Platino. (See Page 432.)

Study No. 40. Portrait by George J. Parrot, Fort Wayne, Ind. This picture was made in an operating-room 22 x 29 feet; style of light, single-slant; size of light, 12 x 18 feet; light was used wide open without diffusing curtains; lens used was an 8 x 10 American Optical; stop used, F. 6; exposure given, one second and also part of of the drapery was locally reduced with Red Prussiate of Potash reducer. The background was worked in on the back of the negative. Printing process, Willis & Clements TT Platinum. (See Page 437.)

Study No. 41. Portrait by George J. Parrot, Fort Wayne, Ind. This picture was made in an operating-room 22 x 29 feet; style of light, single-slant; size of light, 12 x 18 feet; light used wide open without diffusing curtains; lens used, 8 x 10 American Optical; stop used, F. 6; exposure given, 1 second; plate used, Standard Orthonon, developed in Pyro; printing process, Willis & Clements TT Platinum. (See Page 438.)

Study No. 42. Portrait by Jos. Thiebault, Fall River, Mass. The picture was made in an operating-room 20 x 35 feet; style of light, side light 6x7 feet, top light, 13x15 feet. The light was used full open, but all light was diffused with muslin curtains very low. The strong lights have been produced by direct sun's rays from a small window to the back of and to one side of the sitter at the rear of the skylight. The lens used was a Dallmeyer Anastigmat; focal length, 18 inches; stop used, F. 8; exposure given, 5 seconds; plate used, Seed Non-halation, developed in Pyro and slightly locally reduced; printing process, sepia brown framed in sepia oak. (See Page 445.)

Study No. 47. Portrait by F. A. Rinehart, Omaha, Neb. This picture was made by perpendicular side light 6 feet wide and 8 feet high. The light was diffused with curtains; lens used, Bausch & Lomb No. 10 Portrait Unar; focal length, 18 inches; exposure given, snap; plate used, Cramer ordinary, developed with Pyro. The plate was locally reduced after development; prints made on Willis & Clements YY Sepia. (See Page 464.)

Study No. 49. Portrait by A. J. & W. G. Thuss, Nashville, Tenn. This picture was made in an operating-room 32x35 feet; style of light used, single-slant; size of light, 8x12 feet; light used wide open using head and side screens for controlling the light; lens used, Dallmeyer old style; plate used, regular single coated, developed in Pyro and locally reduced after development. The print was made and double mounted on Platino paper and finally mounted on a salmon color mount with embossed opening. (See Page 470.)

Study No. 51. Portrait by J. M. Pottenger, New Castle, Pa. This picture was made from an enlarged negative with background worked in. The original negative was made in an operating-room 20 x 35 feet, with a small light 8 x 10 feet used wide open. The lens used was a Unar; focal length 14 inches; stop used, open lens; exposure given, 1 second; plate used Seed 26x, developed in Pyro with no local reducing nor intensifying. The enlarged negative was made with a Goerz Anastigmat, 8 x 10; stop, F. 16 with 10 seconds exposure. After developing, the negative was locally reduced. The negative was enlarged in the usual way and developed with Pyro; reduced the background to nearly clear glass, then worked in the background on ground-glass substitute on the back of the negative, working in the design with crayon and etching knife. The etching was done, of course, on the surface film side. (See Page 480.)

Study No. 52. By W. H. Partridge, Boston, Mass. Subject, "Cupid." This picture was made in an operating-room 30 x 40 feet; style of light used, top and side; size of light used, side 16 feet wide and 4 feet high, with a 14 x 16-foot top light; lens used Voigtlander; stop used, almost wide open, exposure given, 1 second; plate used, Cramer Crown; developer, Pyro; printing process, Willis & Clements Platinum. The wings were etched on the negative with an etching knife. (See Page 485.)

Study No. 53. By A. T. Proctor, Huntington, W. Va. This picture was made in an operating-room 18 x 35 feet; style of light was top and side; size of light, 14 x 14 feet. Light was used wide open with screens for controlling. The lens used was a Dallmeyer; plate used, Seed's 26x developed in Pyro with no after manipulation; paper used, Sepia Platinum paper. (See Page 486.)

Frontispiece. - Portrait by F. Benedict Herzog, 1847 Broadway, New York. Subject, "A Tale of Isolde." This group picture was made in a room about 20 x 40 feet, with a small, flat skylight in the roof, facing north, about 7 x 10 feet, and two small side windows, facing east, 4x6 feet, running lengthwise quite near the ceiling. The picture was made at 3 p. m., in the month of June. The skylight was diffused with muslin curtains; side windows were used without diffusion. The subjects were arranged almost facing the light. Lens used was Dallmeyer, of 14 inch focal length, stopped to 8.5; exposure, 5 seconds; plate used, Cramer Crown; developer,

Metol-quinol. The plate was locally reduced after development.

The accessories used in arranging this group consisted of a small table and a few stools of different sizes. The subjects were arranged and draped in accordance with the story, the materials employed being selected from a variety of antique draperies, beads, cords, etc, of different colors, which I have provided for such requirements.

A LESSON IN LANGUAGE BY THE NEW TEACHER FRONTISPIECE (Photography Applied to Advertising)

A LESSON IN LANGUAGE BY THE NEW TEACHER FRONTISPIECE (Photography Applied to Advertising).