35. Illustration No. 6. Being a very dark building the strong sunlight adds relief to the color monotony.

36. Illustration No. 7. Picture of the same building photographed with the sun obscured by a cloud, resulting in a very flat picture.

Illustration No. 5 See Paragraph No. 34

Illustration No. 5 See Paragraph No. 34.

Illustration No. 6 See Paragraph No. 35

Illustration No. 6 See Paragraph No. 35.

Illustration No. 7 See Paragraph No. 36

Illustration No. 7 See Paragraph No. 36.

Illustration No. 13 See Paragraph No. 49

Illustration No. 13 See Paragraph No. 49.

37. A careful comparison should be made between the frontispiece of this volume and Illustration No. 8. The negative from which the latter print was produced was made three years before the former. The change in the landscape gardening has very materially added to the picturesqueness of the surroundings of this modern colonial residence, and the beautiful cloud effect gives still greater life and naturalness to the whole scene. The exposure of the negative from which the frontispiece was made was excellent. The development was carried to the correct point to bring out the effect of the lighting. The shadows from the trees and under the porch show that the sun was shining brightly and falling at an angle of approximately 45 degrees; which was best suited for this particular subject. The time of day chosen to make the exposure could not have been bettered.

38. Notice carefully that although the side of the house which receives the strongest light is very white, the delicate half-tones have been preserved.

39. In both pictures the point of view is practically the same, the reason for choosing this particular view-point being to have the bay window break the straight perpendicular line of the rear of the house, which would have been formed if a position a little more to the right had been chosen. A position more to the left would have given a straight front view, which, of course, is undesirable.

40. The general lighting effect of the house in Illustration No. 8 is not as good as that of the frontispiece. The sun is much lower, the sky clear, causing a flat effect; while the negative was somewhat over-timed, thus exaggerating the flatness caused by the lighting. The development, however, was carried correctly, even those portions receiving the strongest light having detail in them.

41. Illustration No. 8 is a good technical example of architectural photography. It reproduces that which the architect would desire to show - the trimmings of the house and the general exterior features. The owner of this residence would, no doubt, prefer the print shown in the frontispiece, which is a beautiful piece of architectural photography. It not only shows in a general way, the construction of the residence, but also illustrates, in a most truthful manner, the general surroundings and on the whole gives a pleasing, artistic effect.

42. Another striking example of the value of showing more than the actual building itself is shown in Illustration No. 9, where a building of similar type to that shown in the frontispiece is surrounded by shrubbery. The photograph was made from a view-point sufficiently far away to not only show the general surroundings, but also give an angle of view narrow enough to allow the observer to see exactly what the photographer saw. It is always advisable to choose a point of view as far from the residence, or building, as possible, as in so doing the lines of perspective are held more true to nature, and there is less likelihood of destroying the perpendicular lines. In order that the observer's attention may be held on the residence, which is the subject of this picture, the sky has been kept in at a key below medium, except that a slight cloud effect is introduced to relieve the monotony of a perfectly plain sky.

43. An extremely common example of the old New England residence is shown in Illustration No. 10. Not only the house is shown, but also a sufficient amount of lawn and other attractions to offset the plainness of the residence. Notice carefully the manner in which the picture has been balanced. The view-point selected was one which shows practically an equal amount of the front and side of the house. It was necessary to have the camera at this position, as by moving it more to the right the large tree would have cut off part of the house. By moving more to the left, the small building would have detracted from the view of the residence. However, this small building and the fountain have enough weight and attraction to offset the equality of the front and side of the house.

44. Illustration No. 11 shows an average residence with the light falling on it properly, making it stand out boldly, showing the desirable artistic and pleasing points in the architectural construction. The point of view chosen is excellent, as it causes the highest point in the picture space to be at one side of the center. This is a feature which must always receive consideration, as it is undesirable, as well as inartistic, to have the highest point directly in the middle of the breadth of the picture space. The exposure and development were both excellent and the retaining of the beautiful cloud effect adds very materially to the beauty of this particular architectural study.

Illustration No. 8 Study No. 3 See Paragraph No. 37

Illustration No. 8 Study No. 3 See Paragraph No. 37.

Illustration No. 9 Study No. 4 See Paragraph No. 42

Illustration No. 9 Study No. 4 See Paragraph No. 42.

45. Illustration No. 12. Picture of a public building showing by comparison of a portion of the tower, the advantage of using the single combination of the lens. (See Page 51.)

Illustration No. 10 Study No. 5 See Paragraph No. 43

Illustration No. 10 Study No. 5 See Paragraph No. 43.

Illustration No. 11 Study No. 6 See Paragraph No. 44

Illustration No. 11 Study No. 6 See Paragraph No. 44.