This section is from the book "Complete Self-Instructing Library Of Practical Photography", by J. B. Schriever. Also available from Amazon: Complete Self-Instructing Library Of Practical Photography.
Study No. 2, title, "Woodland Mist," by W. T. Knox, New York, N. Y. The weather conditions, dull and misty; exposure was made in the morning; lens used, single combination of Zeiss; focal length, 23 inches; stop used, No. 4; exposure given, 4 seconds; plate used, Cramer Instantaneous Isochromatic; developer, pyro. Diffusion was obtained in focusing on the foreground. Printing process, platinum; mounted on a dark grey mount.
Study No. 3, title, "Morning Lights and Shadows," by J. H. Field, Berlin, Wis. Weather conditions, sun shining through the mist; time of day exposure was made, about 6 A. M.; lens used, Rapid Rectilinear, using rear half of lens only; focal length, 15 inches; stop used, wide open; exposure given, 1 second; plate used, Cramer Medium Isochromatic; developer, pyro-acetone. The diffused focus in this picture was obtained by printing through celluloid and thin paper. The negative was slightly reduced in the sky portions after development. Printing process, Willis & Clements Platinum, black and white. This print was made from an enlarged negative, the original size of which was 5 x 7; mount was on oil tissue paper over cream.
Study No. 4, title, "At Peace (War ship)," by Dr. A. R. Benedict, Montclair, N. J. The weather was cloudy, with a clear atmosphere; exposure was made at 4 :30 P. M.; lens used, Rapid Rectilinear; focal length, 61/2 inches; stop used, U. S. 4; exposure given, 1/25 second. Negative was made on an Eastman film; developed with metol-hydro-quinone, with no after manipulation of the negative; printing process, the direct print from the negative on velox, redeveloped with Eastman sepia redeveloper. Note: This picture was made from two negatives; that is, the clouds were printed in. Both negatives, however, were taken on the same day, the clouds in one negative and the scene in the other, and then printed in. This scene is on the Hudson river.
Study No. 5, title, "Sheep," by W. E. Bertling, Buffalo, N. Y. Mr. Bertling states: "I use in all my work a Goerz lens, focal length 7 inches, and generally use diaphragms full opening, Forbes dry plates and develop with Pyrocatechin. I obtain my diffused focus by using full opening of lens and focusing upon middle distance. Printing process, usually developing paper of various kinds. In making my picture I always endeavor to get an element of sky effect in my landscapes, and always give plenty of time in exposure up to a reasonable limit. I always start development with weak developer and strengthen afterwards to suit requirements. For personal use and exhibition purposes generally I use the carbon process or glycerine platinum process. I generally try to work out the salvation of my subject in the printing process. The various kinds of pigment processes offer a wide field for manipulation, and this advantage possesses an attraction for me."
Study No. 7, title, "Snow Lights," by Geo. H. Scheer, M. D., Sheboygan, Wis. Hung at the Fourth American Salon. This picture was made on a very bright sunny day, at about 3 P. M., in the month of March. Lens used, Rapid Rectilinear, wide open; plate used, Orthonon; exposure given, one second, with Burke & James Ideal Ray Filter; developed in dilute pyro-soda developer. Print was made by straight enlargement from an unaltered negative; enlargement was made on Platinoid Bromide, 10x12 inches, from only a portion of a 5 x 7 negative.
Study No. 8, title, "A Dull October Day," by John Chislett, Indianapolis, Ind. Exposure was made at 4:30 P.M., with a Smith lens, very slightly stopped down; plate used, Cramer Instantaneous Isochromatic; exposure given, 2 seconds; plate was developed in ortol; there was no altering of the negative or manipulation after development; print was made on Platinum paper, with the foreground darkened in the printing, and a sky printed in from a separate negative. The print was mounted on a light Scotch grey mount.
Study No. 9, title, "Wave Action," by J. R. Peterson, Portland, Ore. Picture was accepted and hung at Third American Salon. This picture was taken after a clearing storm, with a dull light; exposure was made at 10 A. M. in the month of May; lens used was the rear combination of the Plastigmat; focal length, 18 inches; stop used, wide open; exposure given was 1/25 second; plate used, 5 x 7 Orthonon; developer, rodinal. The diffused focus was obtained by focusing for foreground; the printing process was carbon. This negative was worked on by making positives and negatives to increase contrast and to print in the sky, and afterwards the picture was enlarged to 8 x 10. Picture was mounted on black mount.
Study No. II, title, "Sand Dune," by J. S. Neary, Trenton, N. J. This picture was taken about 5 o'clock, with a Goerz lens fitted to a 61/2 x 81/2 camera; plate used was double coated, developed in ortol, and with no after manipulation.
Study No. 12, title, "The Uphill Road," by Geo. H. Scheer, M. D., Sheboygan, Wis. This picture was made on a very bright sunny day, with good clouds in the sky, at about 3 P. M., in the month of July. The lens used was Rapid Rectilinear, worked wide open; plate used was Orthonon; exposure given, 1/2 second, with a Burke & James Ray Filter. Plate was developed by tank development in 25-minute-pyro formula. The negative was enlarged from an altered negative. Enlargement was made on Platinoid Bromide, the sky portion receiving somewhat longer exposure than the rest of the picture.
Study No. 13, title, "A Tokio Waterway," in Tokio, Japan, by William H. Phillips, Liverpool, Ohio. Camera used was a No. 3 Folding Pocket Kodak; lens used, Goerz 5 inch focus, Series 3; negative was made on non-curling film, developed in Pyro Soda developer. Print is an enlargement on Royal Bromide, size 11x16 inches, developed with rodinol strong solution - one part rodinol, six parts water.
Study No. 14, title, "Ocean Waves," by J. S. Neary, Trenton, N. J. Exposure was made about 6 A. M.; lens used was Goerz, fitted to a 61/2 x 81/2 Century camera; plate used, double coated; developed with ortol, with no after manipulation. Print was mounted on carbon black cardboard.