688. Flash-Lamp

Flash-Lamp. There are various flash-lamps that may be purchased at prices ranging from $1.00 up. These will be found to give excellent satisfaction and there is less danger in employing them. The Nichols, Jr. lamp, which sells for $7.50, is the most practical low priced amateur lamp on the market. There are hand lamps, however, which may be purchased for $1.00 or $1.50, that will give equal results.

689. The Powder

The Powder. The amount of powder required to light a room depends entirely upon the color of the walls and hangings, as well as the distance of the object furthest from the camera. The following table, based on the Eastman flash cartridge, is approximately correct when using the ordinary hand camera or kodak with the lens wide open:

690. Table

Table.

Table

For 10 feet distance and light walls J and hangings use

1 Cartridge No. 2, or

1 even teaspoonful

1 Flash Sheet.

For 10 feet distance and dark walls J and hangings use

2 Cartridges No. 2, or

2 even teaspoonsful

2 Flash Sheets.

For 15 feet distance and light walls and hangings use

2 Cartridges No. 2, or

2 even teaspoonsful

2 Flash Sheets.

For 15 feet distance and dark walls and hangings use

[3 Cartridges No. 2, or

3 even teaspoonsful

[3 Flash Sheets.

For 25 feet distance and light walls J and hangings use

3 Cartridges No. 2, or

3 even teaspoonsful

3 Flash Sheets.

For 25 feet distance and dark walls and hangings use

[4 Cartridges No. 2, or

4 even teaspoonsful

4 Flash Sheets.

Note - The No. 1 Cartridges hold 50% more powder and the No. 3 about half as much as the No. 2 and should be used accordingly.

691. Portraits

Portraits. Place the sitter in a chair partly-facing the camera, and turn the face slightly towards the camera, which latter should be at the height of an ordinary table. The proper distance from the camera to the subject will depend upon the size of image you wish to produce. This may be ascertained by looking at the image in the finder. The subject should not be arranged facing the flash, but the figure and face should be slightly turned from the light.