Some sections of the Fine Arts Protection Act 1862 remain unrepealed. Under these it is an offence fraudulently to
(1) Sign or affix, or cause to be signed or affixed, to any photograph, or the negative thereof, any name, initials or monogram.
(2) To sell, publish, exhibit or offer for sale, publication, or exhibition, any photograph or negative, bearing the name, initials or monogram of any person who did not make it.
(3) To utter, dispose or put off any copy or colourable imitation of a photograph, as having been made by the author of the work from which it was copied or imitated.
(4) During the life of any author of a photograph who has sold or parted with the possession of it, to sell or publish such photograph altered, by addition or otherwise, as the unaltered work of the author.
The penalties on conviction are the forfeit to the person aggrieved of a sum not exceeding £10 or double value, to be recovered on summary proceedings before magistrates. It will be seen that fraudulent intent is the essence of the offence. But even without such intent, the production of an altered photograph attributed to the author of the unaltered work may be restrained in the civil courts by injunction. In that case it must be shown that the alteration is such as to prejudice the plaintiff's reputation.