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Robert's Rules Of Order



Pocket Manual of Rules Of Order For Deliberative Assemblies I. Rules of Order. A Compendium of Parliamentary Law, based upon the rules and practice of Congress. II. Organization and Conduct Of Business. A simple explanation of the methods of organizing and conducting the business of societies, conventions, and other deliberative assemblies.

TitleRobert's Rules Of Order
AuthorHenry M. Robert
PublisherS. C. Griggs & Company
Year1876
Copyright1876, H. M. Robert
AmazonRobert's Rules of Order

By Major Henry M. Robert, Corps of Engineers, U.S.A.

-Preface
There appears to be much needed a work on parliamentary law, based, in its general principles, upon the rules and practice of Congress, and adapted, in its details, to the use of ordinary societies. ...
-Introduction. Parliamentary Law
Parliamentary Law refers originally to the customs and rules of conducting business in the English Parliament; and thence to the customs and rules of our own legislative assemblies. In England these ...
-Plan Of The Work
This Manual is prepared to partially meet this want in deliberative assemblies that are not legislative in their character. It has been made sufficiently complete to answer for the rules of an assemb...
-Part II
While the second part covers the entire ground of the first part, it does so in a much simpler manner, being intended for those who have no acquaintance with the usages of deliberative assemblies. It...
-Definitions
In addition to the terms defined above (taking precedence of, yielding to and applying to, see p. 14), there are other terms that are liable to be misunderstood, to which attention should he called. ...
-Part I. Rules Of Order. Art. I. Introduction Of Business
[ 1-5.] 1. All business should be brought before the assembly by a motion of a member, or by the presentation of a communication to the assembly. It is not usual, however, to make a motion to rec...
-Part I. Rules Of Order. Art. I. Introduction Of Business. Continued
All Principal Motions [ 6] 4. All Principal Motions [ 6], Amendments and Instructions to Committees, should be in writing, if required by the presiding officer. Although a question is complicated, ...
-Art. II. General Classification Of Motions
[ 6-9.] A Principal or Main Question or Motion 6. A Principal or Main Question or Motion, is a motion made to bring before the assembly, for its consideration, any particular subject. No Princip...
-Art. III. Motions And Their Order Of Precedence
* [For a list of all the ordinary motions, arranged in their order of precedence, see 64. All the Privileged and Subsidiary ones in this Article are so arranged.] [ 10-27.] ...
-Privileged Motions
[ 10-13. See 9.] 10. To Fix the Time to which the Assembly shall Adjourn. This motion takes precedence of all others, and is in order even after the assembly has voted to adjourn, provided th...
-Incidental Motions
[ 14-18; see 8] Appeal [Questions of Order] 14. Appeal [Questions of Order]. A Question of Order takes precedence of the question giving rise to it, and must be decided by the presiding office...
-Incidental Motions. Continued
Withdrawal of a Motion 17. Withdrawal of a Motion. [For order of precedence, see 8.] When a question is before the assembly and the mover wishes to withdraw or modify it, or substitute a different...
-Subsidiary Motions
[ 19-24; see 7.] To Lie on the Table 19. To Lie on the Table. This motion takes precedence of all other Subsidiary Questions [ 7], and yields to any Privileged [ 9] or Incidental [ 8] Quest...
-Subsidiary Motions. Part 2
To Postpone to a Certain Day 21. To Postpone to a Certain Day. This motion takes precedence of a motion to Commit, or Amend, or Indefinitely Postpone, and yields to any Privileged [ 9] or Incidenta...
-Subsidiary Motions. Part 3
To Amend 23. To Amend. This motion takes precedence of nothing but the question which it proposed to amend, and yields to any Privileged [ 9], Incidental [ 8] or Subsidiary [ 7] Question, except ...
-Subsidiary Motions. Part 4
To Postpone Indefinitely 24. To Postpone Indefinitely. This motion takes precedence of nothing except the Principal Question [ 6], and yields to any Privileged [ 9], Incidental [ 8] or Subsidiary...
-Miscellaneous Motions
[ 25-27.] Filling Blanks 25. Filling Blanks. In filling blanks the largest sum and the longest time proposed shall be first put to the question. Sometimes the most convenient way of amending a r...
-Art. IV. Committees And Informal Action
[ 28-33.] Committees 28. Committees. It is usual in deliberative assemblies, to have all preliminary work in the preparation of matter for their action, done by means of committees. These may b...
-Art. IV. Committees And Informal Action. Part 2
Forms of Reports of Committees 29. Forms of Reports of Committees. The form of a report is usually similar to the following: A standing committee reports thus: The committee on [insert name of co...
-Art. IV. Committees And Informal Action. Part 3
Adoption of Reports 31. Adoption of Reports. When the assembly is to consider a report, a motion should be made to adopt, accept, or agree to the report, all of which, when carried, have the s...
-Art. V. Debate And Decorum
[ 34-37.] 34. Debate.* [In connection with this section read 1-5.] When a motion is made and seconded, it shall be stated by the Chairman before being debated [see 3]. When any member is abou...
-Art. V. Debate And Decorum. Continued
Decorum in Debate [see 2] 36. Decorum in Debate [see 2]. In debate a member must confine himself to the question before the assembly, and avoid personalities. He cannot reflect upon any act of t...
-Art. VI. Vote
[ 38-39.] Voting 38. Voting. Whenever from the nature of the question it permits of no modification or debate, the Chairman immediately puts it to vote; if the question is debatable, when the Ch...
-Art. VII. The Officers And The Minutes
[ 40, 41.] 40. Chairman* [In connection with this section read 44, and also 40, 41.] or President. The presiding officer, when no special title has been assigned him, is ordinarily called the...
-Art. VII. The Officers And The Minutes. Continued
Clerk or Secretary [and the Minutes] 41. Clerk or Secretary [and the Minutes]. The recording officer is usually called the Clerk or Secretary,* [When there are two secretaries, he is termed the ...
-Art. VIII. Miscellaneous
[ 42-45.] 42. A Session of an assembly is a meeting* [See definitions in Introduction for the distinction between meeting and session.] which, though it may last for days, is virtually one mee...
-Art. VIII. Miscellaneous. Part 2
Order of Business 44. Order of Business. It is customary for every society having a permanent existence, to adopt an order of business for its meetings. When no rule has been adopted, the following...
-Art. VIII. Miscellaneous. Part 3
Amendments of Rules of Order 45. Amendments of Rules of Order. These rules can be amended at any regular meeting of the assembly, by a two-thirds vote of the members present, provided the amendment ...
-Part II. Organization And Conduct Of Business
[The exact words used by the chairman or member, are in many cases in quotations. It is not to be inferred that these are the only forms permitted, but that these forms are proper and common. They ...
-Art. IX. Organization And Meetings
[ 46-49.] An Occasional or Mass Meeting 46. An Occasional or Mass Meeting. (a) Organization. When a meeting is held which is not one of an organized society, shortly after the time appointed fo...
-Art. IX. Organization And Meetings. Continued
When the committee are appointed they should at once retire and agree upon a report, which should be written out as described in 53. During their absence other business may be attended to, or the t...
-Art. IX. Organization And Meetings. Part 2
A Permanent Society 48. A Permanent Society. (a) First Meeting. When it is desired to form a permanent society, those interested in it should see that only the proper persons are invited to be pres...
-Art. IX. Organization And Meetings. Part 3
Constitutions 49. Constitutions, By-Laws, Rules of Order and Standing Rules. In forming a Constitution and By-Laws, it is always best to procure copies of those adopted by several similar societies,...
-Art. X. Officers And Committees
Chairman or President 50. Chairman or President. It is the duty of the chairman to call the meeting to order at the appointed time, to preside at all the meetings, to announce the business before th...
-Art. X. Officers And Committees. Part 2
Treasurer 52. Treasurer. The duties of this officer vary in different societies. In probably the majority of cases he acts as a banker, merely holding the funds deposited with him, and paying them o...
-Art. X. Officers And Committees. Part 3
Committees 53. Committees. In small assemblies, especially in those where but little business is done, there is not much need of committees. But in large assemblies, or in those doing a great deal ...
-Art. XI. Introduction Of Business
54. Any member wishing to bring business before the assembly, should, without it is very simple, write down in the form of a motion, what he would like to have the assembly adopt, thus: Resolved, Tha...
-Art. XII. Motions
Motions Classified According to their Object 55. Motions Classified According to their Object. Instead of immediately adopting or rejecting a resolution as originally submitted, it may be desirable ...
-Art. XII. Motions. Part 2
To Defer Action 57. To Defer Action. (a) Postpone to a certain time. If it is desired to defer action upon a question till a particular time, the proper motion to make, is to postpone it to that t...
-Art. XII. Motions. Part 3
To Suppress the Question 59. To Suppress the Question. (a) Objection to the consideration of a question. Sometimes a resolution is introduced that the assembly do not wish to consider at all, becau...
-Art. XII. Motions. Part 4
Order and Rules 61. Order and Rules. (a) Orders of the Day. Sometimes an assembly decides that certain questions shall be considered at a particular time, and when that time arrives those questions...
-Art. XII. Motions. Part 5
Miscellaneous 62. Miscellaneous. (a) Reading of papers and (b) Withdrawal of a motion. If a speaker wishes to read a paper, or a member to withdraw his motion after it has been stated by the chair,...
-Art. XII. Motions. Part 6
Order of Precedence of Motions 64. Order of Precedence of Motions. The ordinary motions rank as follows, and any of them (except to amend) can be made while one of a lower order is pending, but none...
-Art. XIII. Debate
Rules of Speaking in Debate 65. Rules of Speaking in Debate. All remarks must be addressed to the chairman, and must be confined to the question before the assembly, avoiding all personalities and r...
-Art. XIV. Miscellaneous
Forms of Stating and Putting Questions 67. Forms of Stating and Putting Questions. Whenever a motion has been made and seconded, it is the duty of the chairman, if the motion is in order, to state t...
-Art. XIV. Miscellaneous. Continued
Unfinished Business 69. Unfinished Business. When an assembly adjourns, the unfinished business comes up at the adjourned meeting, if one is held, as the first business after the reading of the minu...
-Legal Rights Of Assemblies And The Trial Of Their Members
The Right of Deliberative Assemblies to Punish their Members. A deliberative assembly has the inherent right to make and enforce its own laws and punish an offender--the extreme penalty, however, bei...
-Table Of Rules Relating To Motions
[This Table contains the answers to more than two hundred questions on parliamentary law, and should always be consulted before referring to the body of the Manual.] Explanation of the Table. A Star...
-Miscellaneous Rules
Order of Precedence of Motions. The ordinary motions rank as follows, and any of them (except to amend) can be made while one of a lower order is pending, but none can supercede one of a higher order...
-Additions And Corrections
[These corrections, though mostly contained in other parts of the Manual, are also needed in the places here indicated.] 19th page, 7th line, after 13 insert a star referring to this n...









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