The position for vertical writing differs somewhat from the position advised for slant writing. Notice the square front position and also that about half or three-fourths of both forearms are on the desk and that the elbows are kept quite close to the body. The paper should be held directly straight in front of the body in order that the lower edge of the paper may be held parallel to the edge of the desk. The pen-holder should point in the direction of the elbow, and, as will be noticed, the hand is turned more to the right than in the slant writing. The wrist should neither be flat nor turned to the right until the side of the hand touches the paper, but about halfway between these two positions. Do not try to slide the hand on the tips of nails of third and fourth fingers, as this forces the hand in an upright position which makes it impossible for the student to see his own writing.
Many try to write the vertical without any change in penholding, movement, or position of the paper. Experience has shown that the results will not be satisfactory unless the change is made, so we urge that all should conform as near as possible to the position illustrated herewith.
POSITION FOR VERTICAL WRITING.
To produce the straight downward stroke in vertical writing, draw the pen toward the body, rolling the forearm on the muscles. To make the broad turns between the letters, roll or pull the arm back into the sleeve and to the right at the same time. As the arm should rest lightly on the desk, it may slide very much the same as the third and fourth fingers do. This, of course, cannot be done if the weight of the body is thrown forward on the arms.