Birds. - Bee-eater; crow; cuckoo; dove; duck; eider duck; flamingo; gray eagle; goldfinch; goose; guinea-fowl; hawk; hen; jackdaw; lark; magpie; nightingale; owl; partridge; pheasant; pelican; pigeon; raven; red grouse; sparrow; spoonbill; swallow; swan; thrush; turkey; vulture.

Fruits and Vegetables. - Apple; cabbage; cherry; chestnut; lemon; lettuce; peach; pear; plum; turnip.

Minerals, etc. - Alum; antimony; bismuth: coal; cobalt; copper; gold; iron; lead; manganese; mercury; salt; silver; sulphur; tin; zinc.

Quadrupeds. - Antelope; ass; auroch; badger; beaver; boar; brown bear; buffalo; camel; cat; chamois; deer, (fallow, red and rein); dog; elk; fox; hare; ibex; lynx; monkey; polar bear; porcupine; rat; rabbit; roebuck; saiga; seal; stag; turtle; wild bull and cow; wild sheep; wolf.

Reptiles. - Few, if any, venomous serpents; a few harmless snakes; leeches; lizards; toads; frogs.

Trees. - Apple; beech; birch; cherry; chestnut; date-palm; elm; fir; lemon; lime; oak; pear; pine; plum.

Inhabitants. - The inhabitants of Europe comprise a very great number of nationalities, including Greeks, in Greece; Italians, in Italy; Swiss in Switzerland; Tyroleans in Tyrol; French in France; Spaniards in Spain; Portuguese in Portugal; Roumanians in Roumania; Germans in Germany; Hollanders (or Dutch), in Holland, or the Netherlands; Flemish in Flanders; Danes in Denmark; Norwegians in Norway; Swedes in Sweden; Icelanders in Iceland; English in England; Welsh in Wales; Russians in Russia; Poles in Poland: Werds in Saxony or Rhenish Prussia; Czechs or Slovaks in

Bohemia and Moravia; Serbs, in Servia; Croats in Croatia; Slavons in Slavonia; Dalmatians in Dalmatia; Bosnians in Bosnia; Herzegovinians in Herzegovina; Motenegrins in Montenegro; Bulgarians in Bulgaria; Lithuanians in Lithuania; Georgians in Georgia; Armenians in Armenia; Albanians in Albania; Basques in Biscay; Moors in Barbery; Maltese in the Island of Malta; Finns in Finland: Esthonians in Esthonia, Russia; Lapps in Lapland; Magyars in Hungary; Turks in the Ottoman Empire: mixed tribes of Tartars in Tartary, and Turks in Turkey; and many others.

Boundaries. - Europe is bounded on the North by the Arctic Ocean; on the East by the Caspian Sea and Asia; on the South by the Mediterranean Sea and Africa; and on the West by the Atlantic Ocean. It is one-third as large as Asia, or America, and one-fifth as large as Africa.

Several Of The Highest Mountains In Europe

Several Of The Highest Mountains In Europe 400

Name of Mountain.

Where Located.

Feet High.

Miles High.

Mt. Elboorz;......

Caucasia, Southern Russia...

17,796

3 1/3

Mt. Blanc.......

Savovy, Eastern France..............

15,810

3

Mt. Rosa........

Vallais, S. Switzerland.....

15,208

2 3/4

Mt. Cervin

Pennine Alps, Switzerland-Italy.........

14,771

2 3/4

Mt. Pelvonx.

Piedmont, Eastern France...

14,108

2 2/3

Mt. Finster Aarhorn

Vallais, Southern Switzerland..........

14,026

2 2/3

Mt. Viso.........

Pennine Alps, France-Italy............

13,599

2 1/2

Mt. Ortler Spitz...

Tyrol, Austria-Hungary.....

12,811

2 1/3

Mt. Mulahacen...............

Spain..............

11,660

2 1/4

Mt. Genevra.................

Between Eastern France and Italy

11,614

2 1/4

The Simplon......

Northwestern Italy-Switzerland..........

11,541

2 1/4

Mt. Cents........

Savoy, Eastern France......

11,460

2 1/8

Peak of Valetta...

Isl.of Malta. Mediterranean Sea.........

11,389

2 1/8

Mt. Maladetta....

Pyrenees, Huesca, N. Spain...........

11,168

2 1/8

Great St. Bernard.............

Alps, Southern Switzerland..........

11,080

2

Cantabrian Mts...............

Astrias, Northern Spain.............

10,998

2

Mt. Perdu.......

Pyreneees, Northern spain...........

10,994

2

Vol. Etna.......

Easter Sicily, Italy.................

10,874

2

Mt. Cuccio.......

Island of Sicily, Italy..............

10,871

2

Mt. St. Gothard...

Tessin, Southern Switzerland.........

10,595

2

Castile Mountains...........

Bet. Old and New Castile, Spain........

10,551

2

Mt. Olympus.....

N.W.Turkey, Asia Minor............

9,745

1 3/4

Mt. Athos.................

Southern Turkey in Europe..........

9,628

1 3/4

Mt. Kom........

Montenegro, Western Turkey........

9,575

1 3/4

Mt. Pic Bu Midi...

Pyrenees, Bet. France and Spain........

9,540

1 3/4

Pindus Mountains............

Northern Greece and Turkey..............

8,950

1 2/3

Mt. Lomntiz.....

Northern Hungary. Thiessau Dist.........

8,779

1 2/3

Monte Rotunda...

Island of Corsica, near Ajaccio..........

8,763

1 2/3

Mt. Guione.................

Northern Greece, parnassus..........

8,239

1 1/2

Skandinavian Mts.......... .

Northwestern Norway..............

8,153

1 1/2

Mt.Parnassus...............

Northern Greece, Dist. of Phocis........

8,068

1 1/2

Name of Mountain.

Where Located.

Feet High.

Miles High.

Pass of Velasquez...............

Pyrenees...............................

7,917

1 1/2

Rhodope Mts...................

Eastern Turkey, Adrianople................

7,800

1 1/2

Sierra D' Estrella...............

Central Portugal, Beira...................

7,584

1 1/3

Mt. Genargrentu.............

Western Italy, Sardinia...................

7,524

1 1/3

Jura Mountains.................

Western Switzerland.....................

6,588

1 1/4

Mt. D'Or......................

Eastern France, Cote d'Or.................

6,188

1 1/8

Cevennes Mts.................

Southeastern France, Lozere...............

5,794

1

Sierra de Molina................

Northern Spain, Guadalajara...............

5,550

1

Obdorsk Mts.................

N. E. Russia, Siberia.....................

5,397

1

Fitchtel Gebirage................

Central Germany, Bavaria.................

5,286

1

Riesen Gebirge.................

Eastern Germany, Bohemia...............

5,280

1

Ural Mts......................

N. E. Europe, Asiatic boundary............

5,875

1

Vosges Mts....................

E. France, near Basle, Switz...............

4,688

7/8

Black Forest...................

Southern Germany, Baden................

4,675

7/8

Bohemian Mts.................

N. W. Austria, Bohemia..................

4,613

7/8

Erz Gebirage..................

Eastern Germany, near Saxony.............

4,590

3/4

Ben Nevis....................

Western Scotland, Inverness...............

4,406

3/4

Ben Muich Dhul..................

Northeastern Scotland, Aberdeen............

4,327

3/4

Mt. Cairngorm.................

Northeastern Scotland, Inverness............

4,095

3/4

Ben Attow....................

Northwestern Scotland, Ross...............

4,000

3/4

Vol. Vesuvius.................

Western Italy, Near Naples................

3,948

3/4

Ben Lawers...................

Central Scotland, Perth...................

3,945

3/4

Brocken Mts..................

N. W. Germany, near Harzburg............

3,740

2/3

Ben Wyyis....................

Northern Scotland, Ross..................

3,720

2/3

Snowdon Mts...................

N. W. Wales, Caermarvon.................

3,571

2/3

Carm Tual......................

S. W. Ireland, Kerry.....................

3,414

3/8

Sea Fell........................

N. W. England, Cumberland..............

3,092

1/2

Helvellyn......................

N. W. England, Cumberland..............

3,055

1/2

Mt. Skiddaw...................

N. W. England, Cumberland..............

3,022

1/2

Moravian Mts..................

Moravia, Northern Austria...............

3,006

1/2