Birds. - Alector; condor; curasso; dove; emeu, (or ostrich); gallinazo; hawk; humming-bird; parrot, (in immense variety); partridge; pheasant; pigeon; sea (or guano) bird; snipe; tanager; toucan; trogon; turkey-buzzard; and hundreds of others.

Fruits and Vegetables. - Anana; apple; brazil-nut; breadfruit; cassava; cacoa; coffee; corn; cotton; fig; ginger; guimbi; indigo: jujud; olive; orange; peach; pepper; peruvian-tea; potato; quabyra; quinoa; sugar; rice; tobacco; vanilla-bean.

Minerals, etc. - Alum; borax; coal; copper; diamonds; epsom salts; glauber salts; gold; guano; gypsum; iron; lead; limestone; mineral pitch; nitre; platina; rock-salt; sulphur; tin; topaz.

Quadrupeds. - Agouti; alpaca, (sheep); ant-eater; armadillo; badger; bear; biscat-cha; capybara; carpincho; chinchilla; deer; elk; ferret; fox; glutton; guanaco; jaguar; llama; monkey, (marmosets, howlers, sapa-jous); neutra; ocelot; peccary; puma, (or cougar); rabbit; river-hog; seal; sea-lion; sea-elephant; sloth; tapir; tiger-cat; tocu toca; vicuna; wildcat; wild-hog; wolf; zarats ; zorrino.

Reptiles. - Alligator; anaconda, (or boa-constrictor); baba; bat; cayman; centipede; corral-snake; electric eel, (or torpedo); lizards; macourel-snake; rattlesnake; tri-gonocephalis-snake; vampire.

Trees. - Algarroba; aloe; apple; brazil-wood; breadfruit tree; cavella de clava; castor-tree; cedar; cinchona; cocoa; copaiba; copal; cotton-tree; ebony; fig; india-rubber; leaved cactus; logwood; mahogany; misosa; mulberry; olive: orange; palm; peach; pine; rosewood; satinwood; vegetable-silk tree.

Inhabitants. - The aborigines of Peru were Indians, known as Incas and Aymaras, and of these some wandering tribes remain savages. The population comprises white descendants of Spanish immigrants, Chinese, Indians, negroes and mixed races. The republic of Columbia was captured from the native Indians in 1836 by Spaniards, and held by them until 1819, when allegiance to Spain was severed. The Spaniards also settled in Venezuela among the native Indians in 1520, but in 1811 independence from Spain was declared. Ecuador was owned and controlled by native Indians for centuries; in 1532 it was captured by Pizarro, and for 275 years was subject to Spain, but revolted in 1820. The population of Bolivia is composed of civilized native Indians, wild Indians, whites of Spanish descent, and mixed races. The aborigines of Brazil were savage Indians. It became subject to Portugal in 1549, was settled by Portuguese, and became an independent empire in 1822. The present population consists of Negroes, Indians, mixed races, Creoles and white persons of European descent. Native Peruvians originally ruled in Chili, but it became subject to Spain about 1540. The present inhabitants are of Spanish and native descent. The Argentine Republic, then inhabited by native Indians, was settled by Spaniards in 1535, since which time the country and government have passed through many changes. The population consists of Italians, Bisques, French, Spaniards, English, Scotch, Irish, Germans, etc. The inhabitants of Uruguay comprise Africans, Portuguese, English, Germans, Argentines, Brazilians, French, Spaniards, Basques, and Italians. In Paraguay the population is chiefly Indians, with mixed races (Spanish-Indians), Africans, Germans, Swiss, Dutch, English, Italians and Australians. Patagonia is principally peopled with savages, and has been but slightly explored.

Several Of The Highest Mountains In South America

Several Of The Highest Mountains In South America 401

Name of Mountain.

Where Located.

Feet High.

Miles High.

Mt. Aconcegua..............

Eastern Chili.....................

22,000

4 1/2

Mt. Sahama.................

Andes, Western Peru..............

22,350

4 1/4

Vol. Gualatieri...............

Western Ecuador, near Quito.......

22,000

4 1/8

Mt. Chimborazo..............

Western Ecuador, near Quito........

81,484

4

Mt. Sorato..................

Western Bolivia La paz.............

21,286

4

Mt. Illlmani................

Western Bolivia, La Paz............

21,149

4

Mt. Chaquibamba............

Western Peru.....................

21,000

4

Vol. Arequipa...............

Western Peru.....................

20,320

3 7/8

Same of Mountain.

Where Located.

Feet High.

Miles High.

Vol. Antisana.............

Western Ecuador...................

19,132

3 3/4

Vol. Cotopaxi.............

Western Ecuador, near Quito..........

18,887

3 1/2

Vol. Tolima..............

Western Colombia..................

18,000

3 1/3

Vol. Atacoma.............

Western Bolivia....................

18,000

3 1/3

Andes...................

Eastern Chili......................

16,000

3

Vol. Pichinca..............

Western Ecuador...................

15,924

3

Andes...................

Western patagonia..................

8,000

1 1/2

Cape Horn...............

Southern Extremity, Patagonia........

300

....