This section is from the book "Hill's Manual Of Social And Business Forms: A Guide To Correct Writing", by Thos. E. Hill. Also available from Amazon: Hill's Manual Of Social And Business Forms: The How-To-Do-Everything Book Of Victorian America.
Battle of Pigeon Ranch, N. M. - Fought March 28, 1862, between 3.000 Unionists, under Colonel Hough, and 1,100 Texan Confederates; a drawn battle.
Battles of Pittsburg Landing and Shiloh - General Grant was encamped at Pittsburg Landing, on the Tennessee river, with 45,000 Unionists, awaiting reinforcements under General Buell. April 6, 1862, they were attacked by 40,000 Confederates, under Generals Johnston and Beauregard, and driven back to the river, with the loss of a number of prisoners. Next day, General Buell, with more Unionists, having arrived, the battle was resumed, lasting through-out the day. The Confederates, however, were finally defeated and driven to their fortifications at Corinth, Miss. The Confederates lost General A. S. Johnston. The Union loss is set down at 1,700 killed, 7,495 wounded, and 3,022 prisoners. The Confederate losses, as reported by Beauregard, were 1,728 killed, 8,012 wounded, and 959 missing.
Capture of Island No. Ten - The Confederates having fortified Island No. Ten, in the Mississippi river, 10 miles above New Madrid, and so commanding a strong position, General Pope, with a force of Unionists, also secured another commanding position, just below the island. After several ineffectual attempts to dislodge him by the Confederate gunboats, on the 16th of March, 1862, Commodore Foote and his flotilla arrived to assist General Pope. The island was well fortified with earthworks and heavy cannon, and manned by 20,000 Confederates. The bombardment was so hot and heavy, however, as to seriously incommode the Confederates, and on April 8, 1862, the Unionists attacked them with such vigor that the works were carried. The result was the capture of 5,000 prisoners, 124 cannon, 5,000 stand of small arms, 2,000 hogsheads of sugar and a large quantity of clothing, tents, ammunition, etc.
Bombardment of Fort Pulaski, Ga. -
Fort Pulaski, twelve miles from Savannah, occupied by the Confederates and defended by 128 cannon and mortars, was invested by 11 Union batteries, under command of General Gilmore. On the 10th of April, 1862, the bombardment of the fort began, and on the 11th the fort was unconditionally surrendered to the Unionists, who had lost 1 killed and 3 wounded. The Confederates had 5 wounded, and 380 prisoners were taken with the fort.
Capture of Huntsville, Ala. - On the
11th of April, 1862, General Mitchel, Unionist, occupied Huntsville, capturing 200 Confederate prisoners, 15 locomotives and a number of cars.
Skirmish at Monterey, Va., and Capture at Chattanooga. - April 12, 1862, Confederates attacked General Milroy's Union force at Monterey, but were repulsed. On the same day, the Union general, Mitchel, captured 2,000 Confederates at Chattanooga.
Second Siege of Yorktown, Va. -
Yorktown was strongly fortified by the Confederates, under General J. E. Johnston, who occupied it on April 17, 1862, with 53,000 men, exclusive of cavalry. The siege of this stronghold, which began April 5, 1862, was conducted by General McClellan, who had a force of 118,000 Unionists. It continued for a month. On the 4th of May, Johnston and his men evacuated the place, with whatever he could take, and started toward Richmond. Union cavalry, under Hancock, and Hooker's division, engaged 30,000 of them near Williamsburg, and a severe fight ensued. The Confederates at length retired, but most of their trains had by that time escaped beyond the lines. The Unionists lost 1,856 killed and wounded and 372 missing. The Confederate loss is believed to have been at least 2,600 killed and wounded.
Bombardment of Forts Jackson and Saint Philip, La. - Commodore Farragut and the Union fleet designed to capture New Orleans from the Confederates, and sailed early in February, 1862. On the 18th of April, 1862, he began the bombardment of the two Confederate forts, Saint Philip and Jackson, in the Mississippi, below New Orleans, with such success that the obstructions were removed, and the fleet passed the forts on its way to New Orleans, April 24.
Fights In North Carolina - April 19, 1862, the Unionists, under General Burnside, defeated a body of Confederates near Elizabeth City, N. C. The Union loss was 11 killed. On the same day, General Reno, with 2,000 Unionists, defeated some Confederate troops at Camden, N. C., in which the former lost 99 wounded and 14 killed.
Capture of New Orleans - Part of Commodore Farragut's fleet of Union vessels nine in number, and a land force of Unionists, under General Butler, appeared before New Orleans, then held by the Confederates, April 25, 1862. Forts Saint Philip and Jackson, the Confederate strong-holds, capitulated April 28; General Lovell, with his Confederate troops, retreated into the interior of the State, and General Butler took possession of the city, May 1, 1862. The Confederate loss, besides the forts, included 11 gunboats, the ram Manassas, and the iron-clad Louisiana. The Confederates destroyed immense quantities of cotton, steamboats, ships, sugar, and other property in the city, to prevent its falling into the hands of the Unionists. The loss of the Unionists in passing the Confederate forts was 30 killed and 110 wounded.
Fight at Lebanon, Tenn. - Fought May 5, 1862, between the Union troops under General Dumont and Morgan's Confederate cavalry. The latter had 66 killed and 183 taken prisoners; the Unionists lost 10 killed and 26 wounded and missing.
Battle of West Point, Va. - Fought May 7, 1862, between a formidable force of Confederates - a part of Lee's army - and Generals Franklin and Sedgwick's divisions of about 30,000 Unionists. The battle lasted six hours, when the Confederates were repulsed. The Union loss was 194 killed and wounded.
Battle at McDowell's, Va. - On the 8th of May, General Milroy's force of Unionists attacked a body of Confederates, but after a tight of five hours he was obliged to withdraw, having sustained a loss of 29 killed and about 200 wounded.