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Battle of Cedar Mountain, Va. - Fought August 9, 1862, between the Confederate army, numbering about 21,000, under Generals Jackson, Ewell and Longstreet, and about 7,000 Unionists, under General Banks. The latter was forced to retire about 1 1/2 miles from his first position. Banks being reinforced, the Confederates next day fell back two miles, and on the 11th retired across Robertson river. The Union loss was 450 killed, 660 wounded, and 290 prisoners, besides cannon and a large quantity of ammunition. The Confederate loss was nearly as heavy in killed, wounded and missing, including Generals Winder and Trimble.
Fight at Fort Donelson, Tenn. - August 25, 1862, the Confederates made an unsuccessful attack on the Unionists at Fort Donelson.
Fights at Manassas and Haymarket,
Va. - August 26, 1862, the Confederates, under General Ewell, attacked a portion of the Union army, under Pope, at Manassas, and drove them out. Next day Pope fell back toward Warrenton, and was reinforced by Hooker's command. Overtaking the Confederates at Haymarket, a severe fight ensued between Hooker and Ewell, in which the Confederates were vanquished, Ewell losing his camp with 300 killed and wounded.
Reduction of City Point, Va. - On the
27th of August, 1862, the Union gunboats destroyed the Confederate fortifications at City Point.
Skirmish Near Centerville, Va. -
Fought August 28, 1862, between Gibbon's brigade of McDowell's Union corps, and a force of Confederates under Stonewall Jackson. The fight was severe, but ended with the coming on of darkness.
Battle of Gainsville, Va. - Fought August 29, 1862, between Sigel and Reynolds' divisions of McDowell's Union corps, reinforced by Reno and Heintzelman's divisions, and the Confederate army under Stonewall Jackson, with reinforcements arriving. The battle raged furiously for several hours, in which the enemy was driven back, leaving his dead and wounded on the field. Darkness put an end to the contest, and General Pope claimed a victory. His losses were estimated at between 6,000 and 8,000 men, and those of the Confederates much greater.
The Second Battle of Bull Run -
Fought August 30, 1862, between Stonewall Jack-son's entire army of Confederates, reinforced by Longstreet and the advance of Lee's army (about 46,000 in all), and 35,000 Unionists under Pope. The contest was severe, lasting all day; at dark, exhausted, the Unionists retired to Centerville, in good order, leaving the Confederates in possession of the field. The Unionists lost at least 11,000 in killed and wounded, and, perhaps, 9,000 prisoners; the Confederates about 8,500 killed and wounded.
Battle at Richmond, Ky. - Fought August 30, 1862, between the Confederates, under Kirby Smith, and the Unionists, under Generals Manson and Nelson. The latter were defeated with a loss of about 200 killed, 700 wounded, and 2,000 prisoners.
Skirmish at Bolivar, Tenn. - Fought August 30, 1862, between Unionists and Confederates, the latter being defeated.
Destruction of Bayou Sara, La. -
August 31, 1862, Bayou Sara, a prosperous shipping port of Louisiana, on the Mississippi river, 165 miles from New Orleans, was almost entirely destroyed by the Union fleet of Admiral Porter, in consequence of his being fired upon by Confederate guerrillas.
Battle at Britton's Lane, Tenn. -
Fought September 1, 1862, between Unionists and Confederates, the latter retiring and leaving their dead on the field. The Unionists lost 5 killed, 78 wounded and 92 missing.
Battle at Chantilly, Va. - Fought Septem-ber 1, 1862, between the Unionists under Generals Hooker, Reno, and Kearney, and the Confederate army under Ewell and Hill. General Pope endeavored to transfer his forces from Center-ville to Germantown, and while doing so was attacked. The fight lasted for several hours, ending with the darkness. The Union generals,
Kearney and Stevens, were killed. Under an impetuous bayonet charge the Confederates were driven from the field; but the losses of the Unionists were heavy.
Buttle at Washington, N. C. - September 6, 1862. the Confederates attacked the Union garrison, but were repulsed. The Unionists lost 8 killed and 36 wounded.
Buttle at Middletown, Md. - Fought September 12. 1862, between Unionists and Confederates, the former losing 80 killed and wounded.
Battle of South Mountain, Hd. -
Fought September 14, 1862, between the Union army under Generals Hooker, Reno, Franklin, Cox and others, and the Confederate forces under Longstreet and Hill. The engagement was general and severe, and resulted in the retreat of the Confederates. The Union general, Reno, was killed. The Union losses were 312 killed, 1,234 wounded, and 22 missing. The Confederate loss was quite as large, including 1,500 prisoners.
Surrender of Harper's Ferry - A force of 12,000 Unionists, under General Miles, who held Harper's Ferry, W. Va., was attacked September 12, 1862, by a strong Confederate army, under Stonewall Jackson, and after a two-days' contest, the place was surrendered on the 15th to the Confederates. General Miles was killed, and the Unionists sustained a loss of about 11,000 prisoners, 73 cannon, 13,000 small arms, and a considerable amount of stores. Union cavalry, 2,000 strong, cut their way through the rebel lines, and escaped.
Battle of Munfordsville, Ky. - Fought between about 5,000 Unionists, under Colonel Dunham, who held the place, and a strong force of Confederates under Price. After three days' fighting, September 14, 15 and 16, 1862, Dunham surrendered about 4,500 men and their artillery, and turned the town over to the Confederates. September 21, General McCook and a force of Unionists recaptured the place.
Battle of Antietam, Md.-Fought September 17, 1862, near Sharpsburg, Md., between 65,000 Confederates, under Lee and Jackson, and 85.000 Unionists, under McClellan, Hooker, Burn-side, Sumner, and Mansfield The contest was severe, and lasted from early morning until evening. During the succeeding night the Confederates retreated, leaving in the hands of their foes 3,500 prisoners, 39 stand of colors, and 13 cannon. Their total loss was about 9,000 men. The Unionists lost 2,010 killed, 9,416 wounded, and 1,043 missing. The Union General Mansfield lost his life while endeavoring to regain the ground lost by Hooker. It is classed as a drawn battle.