This section is from the book "Hill's Manual Of Social And Business Forms: A Guide To Correct Writing", by Thos. E. Hill. Also available from Amazon: Hill's Manual Of Social And Business Forms: The How-To-Do-Everything Book Of Victorian America.
Fight at Hartsville, Tenn. - Fought December 7. 1862. between Morgan's Confederate cavalry and a brigade of Unionists of Dumont's command, under Colonel Moore. After an hour's fight, the brigade, consisting of the 104th Illinois, the 106th and 108th Ohio, part of the 2d Indiana cavalry and a battery, surrendered to the Confederates and were paroled. The Unionists also lost 55 killed.
Battle of Fredericksburg, Va. - December 11, 1862, the Union army, under Burn-side, began the bombardment of Fredericksburg, then occupied by the Confederates under Lee. During this bombardment Burnside transferred 100,000 of his men across the Rappahannock, in front of Fredericksburg. December 13, the battle was fought, Burnside bringing about 32,000 men into action, under Sumner, Hooker and Franklin. Lee had of his 80,000 troops only about 25,000 in the fight, under Jackson and Longstreet. The Unionists, after a severe contest, were repulsed. Their losses were 1,152 killed, 9,101 wounded, 3,234 missing. The Confederates lost only 695 killed, 4,061 wounded, and 653 missing.
Skirmish at Zurich, Va. - Fought on the 13th December, 1862, between Unionists and Confederates, the latter being defeated, with the capture of a portion of their force.
Capture of Baton Bouge, La. - On December 14, 1862, a part of General Banks' command, under General Grover, took peaceable possession of Baton Rouge, the capital of the State, the Confederates having evacuated the town.
Capture of Holly Springs, Miss. -
December 19, 1862, the Confederate general, Van Dorn, with several thousand cavalry, invested Holly Springs, which was then occupied by the Unionists. Once in, after a feeble resistance by the Unionists, they destroyed and carried off public and private property valued at nearly $5,000,000. They then evacuated the town.
A Raid into East Tennessee - A notable cavalry raid was made into East Tennessee, beginning December 21, 1862, by the Unionist General Carter, with about 1,000 men. They were gone from Winchester, Ky., 20 days, during which, without tents, they marched 470 miles (170 in the enemy's country); burned 2 important railroad bridges across the Holston and Wautaga rivers; damaged 10 miles of track; had 2 skirmishes with the Confederates; captured 400 prisoners, 700 stand of arms, and a train of cars with a locomotive, besides a considerable quantity of stores, and returned with the loss of 2 men killed and 8 others wounded, captured or missing.
Skirmish at Dumfries, Va. - Fought December 23, between the Unionists, under General Sigel, and a party of Confederates. The latter were repulsed.
Battle of Davis' Mills, Miss. - Fought between the Confederates, under Van Dorn, and a small force of Unionists, under Colonel Morgan, of the 25th Indiana regiment, December 21, 1862. After a severe conflict the Confederates retreated, leaving their dead and wounded on the field.
Second Siege of Vicksburg, Miss. -
December 27, 1862, General Sherman attacked the advanced works of the Confederate defenses, about six miles from Vicksburg, on the Yazoo river. At the same time the gunboats attacked the Confederate batteries on Haines' Bluff. December 28, the Unionists drove the Confederates from the first and second lines of defense, and advanced to within 2 1/2 miles of Vicksburg. December 29, the Confederates attacked General Sherman with their whole force, and drove him back to the first line of defense. December 30, after burying their dead and transferring their wounded to transports, the Unionists abandoned the siege, General Sherman returning to camp at Milliken's Bend. The Union loss was about 600 killed, 1,500 wounded, and 1,000 missing.
Battles of Stone River, Tenn. - Fought December 31, 1862, and January 1, 2, 3, 1863, between 43,400 Unionists under General Rosecrans, and 62.490 Confederates under Hardee, Polk, and Kirby Smith. The main attack of the Confederates was made December 31, on General Rosecrans' right, commanded by General McCook. This Union division was driven back four miles, and lost 26 cannon, but being reinforced from the left and center, the Confederates were in turn repulsed and the lost ground regained. Confeder-ate attacks were made on the Federal lines January 1 and 2, but were repulsed. On the night of January 3 the Confederates retreated. The Union losses were 1,553 killed. 7,000 wounded, and 3,000 prisoners. The Confederate loss is estimated at 10,000 in all.
Battle of Parker's Cross Roads,
Tenn. - Fought December 31, 1862, between 7,000 Confederate cavalry, under. Forrest, with 10 cannon, and a body of Unionists under Generals Dunham and Sullivan. After a sharp fight, the Confederates retreated, losing their cannon, 500 horses,caissons,ammunition,small arms, wagons, camp equipage, and more than 1,000 men killed, wounded, or taken prisoners.