This section is from the book "Hill's Manual Of Social And Business Forms: A Guide To Correct Writing", by Thos. E. Hill. Also available from Amazon: Hill's Manual Of Social And Business Forms: The How-To-Do-Everything Book Of Victorian America.
Fight in South Carolina - In a cannon-fight at Fort Pickens, January 1, 1862, General Stevens, commanding a Union land force, advanced from Beaufort, and, with the assistance of the gunboats, captured the (Confederate) Coosaw batteries, held by Genera! Bragg, losing 2 . killed and 8 wounded.
Fight at Huntersville, W. Va. - January 4, 1862, the Union troops, under General Milroy, defeated a Confederate force at Huntersville, and captured 880,000 worth of stores.
Battle of Prestonburg, Ky. - Fought January 10, 1862, between about 3,000 Unionists, under General Garfield, and about 2,500 Confederates, with three guns, under General Humphrey Marshall. Garfield, after fighting for several hours, and then being reinforced, finally routed the Confederates, whose loss was about 60 killed, besides prisoners, horses and stores.
A River Combat - Fought January 11, 1862, between two Union steamers and four Confederate boats, about 20 miles south of Cairo, Ill. The latter were compelled to seek refuge under the Confederate batteries at Columbus, Ky.
Battle of Mill Springs, Ky. - Fought January 19, 1862, between about 8,000 Confederates, under Generals Crittenden and Zollicoffer, and 3,000 Union troops, under Generals Thomas and Schoepf. The Confederates were defeated, with the loss of Generals Zollicoffer and Peyton, and 192 killed and 62 wounded, 8 cannon, 1,000 stand of arms, 1,700 horses and mules, a drove of cattle, 100 wagons, quartermaster's stores, etc. The Union loss was 39 killed and 203 wounded.
Capture of Fort Henry, Tenn. - General Grant, with a force of Unionists, and Commodore Foote, with 7 Union gunboats, formed an expedition which left Cairo, Ill., to reduce Fort Henry, on the Tennessee river, then in possession of the Confederates, under General Tighlman. On the 6th of February, 1862, without waiting for General Grant, who was detained by bad roads, Commodore Foote attacked the fort with his squadron. Within two hours General Tighlman unconditionally surrendered the fort, mounting 20 cannon, with barracks and tents, and about 130 prisoners. The Union loss was 2 killed and 37 wounded; the Confederates had 6 killed and 10 wounded.
Battle of Roanoke Island, N. C. -
Fought February 8, 1862, between a Union expedition by land and sea, and the Confederate fortifi-tions on the islands held by 2,000 men. The Union force consisted of more than 100 vessels and 11,500 troops, commanded by Commodore Goldsborough and General Burnside. The result was the capture of 6 Confederate forts, 40 guns, 2,000 Confederate prisoners, 3,000 small arms, ammunition, etc. The Union loss was 50 killed and 212 wounded, the Confederates had 5 killed and 18 wounded.
Battle of Fort Donelson, Tenn. - Fought February 15 and 16, 1862, between 20,000 Confederates, under Generals Pillow, Floyd and Buckner, within the fort and its outworks, and about 20,000 Unionists under General Grant, assisted by Commodore Foote, with his fleet of gunboats. On the second day General Buckner unconditionally surrendered the fort, with between 12,000 and 15,000 prisoners, 40 cannon, and a large amount of stores. The Union losses included 321 in killed, 1,046 wounded, and 150 missing. Floyd escaped with part of the Confederate force.
Battle of Fort Craig, N. M. - Fought February 21. 1862, between Union troops under General Canby and a Texan force. The Unionists were defeated with a loss of 62 killed and 162 wounded.
Captures on the Sea-coast - Commodore Dupont, commanding the Union fleet on the Southern coast, on the 4th of March, 1862, captured Brunswiek, Ga., and Forts Clinch, Fernan-dina, and St. Mary's, Fla.
Battle of Pea Ridge, Ark. - Fought March 6, 7 and 8, 1862, between about 12,000 Unionists, under General Curtis, and 20,000 Confederates, under Van Dorn, Price and McCulloch, resulting in the defeat of the latter. The Unionists lost 203 killed, 972 wounded, and 176 missing. The loss of the Confederates was much greater.
The Fight at Hampton Roads - On the 8th of March, 1862, the Confederate steam war-vessels Merrimack, Jamestown and Yorktown, attacked the Union fleet at Hampton roads, Va., destroying the Cumberland and Congress, and damaging several other Government vessels. Next day occurred the battle between the iron-clad Monitor (Union), commanded by Lieutenant Worden, and the Merrimack (Confederate), in which the latter was disabled. The Federal loss of men, killed and drowned, besides the vessels, was 224, and 62 wounded and prisoners. The Confederate loss was 6 killed and a number wounded.
Surrender of Sew Madrid, Mo. - The
Confederates had fortified Island No Ten, in the Mississippi river, a few miles above New Madrid, which was also fortified and defended by a Confederate force. Commodore Foote, with his river fleet of armed boats, and General Pope, with a land force, having threatened their works, the Confederates, March 13, 1862, evacuated New Madrid, leaving 25 cannon, and military stores valued at 81,000,000 in the hands of the Unionists.
Capture of Newbern, N. C. - Newbern was occupied by a Confederate force. On the 14th of March, 1862, General Burnside attacked the city with a fleet of gunboats and three brigades of Unionists. A four-hours' fight ensued, when the Confederates retreated, and the Unionists took possession of the city, with 69 heavy cannon and field-pieces, large quantities of ammunition, naval and military stores, steamers, vessels, etc., valued at 82,000,000. The Union loss was 91 killed and 466 wounded, many mortally. The Confederate loss was not so heavy, they being under cover.
Battle of Winchester, Va. - Fought March 23, 1862, between Union troops, numbering 8,000 men and 24 cannon, under Generals Banks and Shields, and 13,200 Confederate infantry and cavalry, with 28 cannon, under Jackson and Garnett. After five hours' fighting, the Confederates were defeated, and retreated to Strasburg, followed by their victors. The Union loss was 103 killed, 441 wounded, and 46 missing. The loss of the Confederates was very large, 270 being buried on the field.