This section is from the book "Hill's Manual Of Social And Business Forms: A Guide To Correct Writing", by Thos. E. Hill. Also available from Amazon: Hill's Manual Of Social And Business Forms: The How-To-Do-Everything Book Of Victorian America.
- These two Confederate defenses of Hatteras Inlet, N. C., were captured August 29, 1861, by a Union naval squadron, under Commodore String-ham, U. S. N., and a land force of 300 men, under General Butler. The Confederate loss was 691 officers and men taken prisoners, 49 killed and 51 wounded; 29 cannon, 1,000 stand of arms, 6 regimental colors, and a large amount of military trappings and stores. The Unionists had none killed and but few wounded. The forts were commanded by Commodore Barron, Colonel Martin and Major Andrews.
Battle of Boonvllle - Fought at Boonville, Mo., September 1, 1861, between Unionists and Confederates. The former were the victors, with a loss of 6 wounded, and they destroyed the town.
Battle of Carnifex - Fought near Carnifex ferry, Va., September 10, 1861, between 4,500 Unionists, under General Rosecrans, and six regiments of Confederates, with 16 cannon, under General Floyd. After several hours' fighting, darkness came, and the contest ended. The Confederates retreated, leaving a large quantity of stores and war material in the hands of their foes. The loss in men by the Unionists was 15 killed and 70 wounded; the Confederates lost but a few men.
Skirmish at Blue Mills, Mo. - September 17, 1861, the Third Iowa regiment encountered a band of Confederates, and was compelled to retreat. Receiving reinforcements, they again rallied, when the Confederates retired. The Union loss was 12 killed and 85 wounded.
Battle of Cheat Mountain - Fought September 12-17, 1861, at Cheat Mountain Pass, Va., between 9,000 Confederates, under General Lee, and the Unionists under General Reynolds, who held the Pass. After several days' skirmishing at a number of points, the Confederates retired, without dislodging the Unionists. Their loss was 100 killed, including Colonel John A. Washington; the Unionists lost 9 killed and 12 wounded.
Siege of Lexington - Lexington, Mo., on the Missouri river, about 300 miles above St. Louis, was held by 2,460 Unionists, under Colonel Mulligan, in fortifications of earthworks. On the 21st of September, 1861, they were attacked by four times their number of Confederates, under General Price. For several days Mulligan defended his position, but not receiving expected reinforcements, and being without water, he surrendered. His men were paroled, but some 3,000 muskets and rifles, 5 cannon, wagons, 750 horses, army stores, ammunition and gold belonging to Missouri banks, fell into the hands of the enemy. The Unionists had also 39 men killed and about 120 wounded. Price abandoned Lexington a few days afterwards.
Skirmish at Paplnsville - September 21, 1861, General Lane, with a body of Unionists, encountered a Confederate force at Papinsville, Mo., losing 17 men, killed.
Fight at Chapmanville, W.Va.-Fought, October 2, 1861, between a party of Confederates and Colonel Envartz's Kentucky volunteers, in which the former were defeated, with a loss of 47 prisoners. The Union loss was 4 killed and 8 wounded.
Fight at Greenbrier, W. Va. - October 3, 1861, General Reynolds, with 5,000 Unionists, reconnoitred the position at Buffalo hill, Va., occupied by from 12,000 to 15,000 Confederates. A brisk action ensued, chiefly carried on with artillery The Confederates were driven from some of their intrenchments, and lost a number of prisoners, horses and baggage. The Union loss was 8 killed and 32 wounded. General Reynolds then returned to Cheat Mountain, his head-quarters.
Battle of Chlcamacomico - Fought at
Chicamacomico, October 4, 1861, between a large force of rebels, under Colonel Barlow, and the Twentieth Indiana regiment. The latter retreated, leaving their wounded in the hands of the enemy. Next day the Union steamer Monticello shelled the Confederates and drove them to their boats.
Skirmish at Flemington, W.Va. - Fought
October 6, 1861, between the Unionist Home Guards and a band of Confederates, the latter being defeated.
Fight at Santa Rosa Island - Fought at Santa Rosa island, Fla., October 9, 1861, where a Confederate force attacked the Unionist occupants, but was defeated. The Union loss was 13 killed and 21 wounded.
Skirmish at Big River Bridge, Mo. -
Fought between a force of 600 Confederates, under Jeff. Thompson, and a Union Guard of 50, near Potosi, Mo., October 15, 1861; the Confederates captured the guard and destroyed the bridge.
Battle of Ball's Bluff - Fought at Ball's bluff, Va., October 21, 1861, between 1,900 Unionists, under Colonel Baker, and 4,000 Confederates. After a severe fight, in which Colonel Baker was killed, the Unionists, not being reinforced by General Stone, as they expected, retreated, having lost 223 killed, 266 wounded, and 455 prisoners. The Confederates lost about 350 killed and wounded.
Fight at Camp Wild Cat - Fought October 21, 1861, in Laurel county, Ky., between 6,000 Confederates, under General Zollicoffer, and four regiments (with artillery) of Unionists, under General Schoepf and Colonels Steadman and Garrard. The approach of the Confederates was repulsed at several points, and they retreated, pursued by the loyal inhabitants of the country and the Union troops. The Confederate loss was about 1,000 men, with their camp equipage, arms, etc. The Union loss was 4 killed and 21 wounded.
Skirmishes in Missouri - At Frederick-town, Mo., October 21, 1861, a body of Unionists defeated a party of Confederates. The Unionists lost 6 killed and about 60 wounded.
October 22, 1861, a skirmish occurred at Buffalo mills, Mo., in which the Confederates lost 17 killed and 90 prisoners. The Union loss is not stated.
Fight at Romney - Fought at Romney, W. Va., October25, 1861, between a party of Unionists, under General Kelley, and a force of Confederates. After a two hours' fight the latter were vanquished, losing 450 prisoners, 200 horses, 3 cannon, and their camp equipage.
Zagonyl's Charge - October 26, 1861, Major Zagonyi, of General Fremont's command, with 150 of the latter's body-guard, charged upon a Confederate force of some 3,000 men, near Springfield, Mo. The Confederates were routed, with the loss of 106 killed and 27 prisoners. Zagonyi brought only 80 of his men out of the charge unhurt.
Capture of Beaufort - An expedition of naval and military forces, under the Unionist Commodore Dupont and Generals Sherman, Viele, Stevens and Wright, with about 15,000 men, on November 7, 1861, attacked and captured the two Confederate forts, Walker and Beauregard, at Port Royal, S. C., both mounting more than 40 cannon. Before the superior force of the assailants, the Confederates retreated. The same attacking force also took possession of the town of Beaufort, S. C., and Hilton island. The Unionists lost 8 men killed and 25 wounded. The Confederate loss is believed to have been heavy. They it most of the military equipments in the hands of the enemy.
Battle of Belmont - Fought at Belmont, Mo., November 7, 1861, between 2.850 Unionists, under General Grant, and about 6,000 Confederates under General Polk. The latter receiving reinforcements, after a severe engagement the Unionists retired, with a loss of 84 killed, 288 wounded, and 235 missing. The Confederates probably lost about 1,000 men.
Skirmishes in Virginia - Guyandotte was attacked by Confederates, November 10, 1861, but they were repulsed by the Unionists, the latter having several men killed. The next day the Unionists burned the town.
At Hunter's hill, November 26, a sharp skirmish occurred between Unionists and Confederates, in which the former had 28 killed and wounded.
Fight at Pensacola - Fort Pickens and the United States war vessels. Niagara and Colorado, November 23, 1861, bombarded the Confederate fortifications at Pensacola, Fla. The port of War-renton was burned.
Skirmish in Missouri - At Warsaw, November 29, 1861, a fight occurred between Confederates and Unionists, and a portion of the town was destroyed.
Fight at Salem, Mo. - Fought between Unionists and Confederates, November 30, 1861, in which the latter were defeated, with a loss of 39 killed and wounded.
Bombardment of Freestone Point,
Va. - December 9, 1861, Freestone Point was shelled by Unionist gunboats. The Confederate batteries were silenced, and the buildings containing Confederate stores were destroyed.
Fight at Camp Alleghany, Va. - Fought December 13, 1861, between a Union force, under General Milroy, who defeated a party of rebels, under Colonel Johnston. The former lost 21 killed and 107 wounded.
Fight at Munfordsville, Ky. - A drawn battle was fought at Munfordsville, December 17, 1861, between a portion of the Thirty-second Indiana (German) regiment, under Colonel Wil-lich, and three regiments and a battery of Confederates, under General Hindman, in which the former lost 10 killed and 17 wounded. The Confederates lost 62 killed, and a large number wounded. The rout of the Confederates was complete.
General Pope In Missouri - Two brigades of General Pope's command, under Colonels Steele and Jeff. C. Davis, December 17 and 18, 1861, surprised rebel camps at Osceola and Milford, Mo., securing 360 Confederate prisoners at Osceola, and 1,300 Confederates, with 1,000 stand of arms, 400 horses, 65 wagons, and a large amount of camp equipage and stores at Milford. The Union loss was 2 killed and 17 wounded.
Battle of Drainsv ille, Va. - Fought 17 miles southwest of Washington, D. C., between a portion of General Ord's brigade of Unionists and a force of Confederates, under General Stuart, December 20, 1861. The Confederate loss was 43 killed and 143 wounded; that of the Unionists was 7 killed and 61 wounded. It was a victory for the Unionists.
Fight of Mount Zlon - Fought in Boone county, Mo., December 28, 1861, between Unionists and Confederates; the latter were dispersed with considerable loss in killed, wounded and prisoners, while the Union loss was only 3 killed and 11 wounded.