Admission Of Other Colonies

146. It shall be lawful for the queen, by and with the advice of her majesty's most honorable privy council, on addresses from the houses of the parliament of Canada, and from the houses of the respective legislatures of the colonies or provinces of Newfoundland, Prince Edward Island and British Columbia, to admit those colonies or provinces, or any of them, into the union, and on address from the houses of the parliament of Canada to admit Rupert's Land and the Northwestern Territory, or either of them, into the union, on such terms and conditions in each case as are in the addresses expressed and as the queen thinks fit to approve, subject to the provisions of this act; and the provisions of any order in council in that behalf shall have effect as if they had been enacted by the parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

147. In case of the admission of Newfoundland and Prince Edward Island, or either of them, each shall be entitled to a representation in the senate of Canada of four members, and (notwithstanding anything in this act) in case of the admission of Newfoundland the normal number of senators shall be seventy-six and their maximum number shall be eighty-two; but Prince

Edward Island when admitted shall be deemed to be comprised in the third of the three divisions into which Canada is, in relation to the constitution of the senate, divided by this act, and accordingly, after the admission of Prince Edward Island, whether Newfoundland is admitted or not, the representation of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick in. the senate shall, as vacancies occur, be reduced from twelve to ten members respectively, and the representation of each of those provinces shall not be increased at any time beyond ten, except under the provisions of this act for the appointment of three or six additional senators under the direction of the queen.

Canadian Tables Of Reference

Relating to Population, Game Laws, Nativity of Inhabitants, Denominational Strength and Tariff Duties.

Population of Principal Cities of Canadian Dominion by Census of 1881.

Name of City.

Province Located In.

Population.

Increase.

1871.

1881.

Montreal

Quebec

.107,225..

. 140,747.

..33,522

Toronto

Ontario

.56,092..

..86,415.

..30,323

Quebec

Quebec

59,699

..62,446.

...2,747

Halifax

Nova Scotia

29,582

..36,100.

...6,518

Hamilton

Ontario

.26,716..

..35,961.

...9,245

Ottawa

Ontario

.21,545..

..27,412.

...5,867

St. John......

New Brunswick

.28,805..

..26,127.

*

London

Ontario

15,826

.. 19,746.

...3,920

Portland

New Brunkswick

.12,520..

..15,226.

..2,706

Kingston

Ontario

12,407

..14,091.

...1,684

Charlottetown

Prince Edward Island

..8,807..

..11,485.

...2,678

Guelph

Ontario

6,878

.. .9,890.

...3,012

St. Catharines

Ontario

7,864

..9,631.

...1,767

Brantford

Ontario

8,107

..9,616.

...1,509

Belleville

Ontario

..7,305..

...9,516.

...2,211

Trois-Rivieres

Quebec

..7,570..

...8,670.

...1,100

St. Thomas.....

Ontario

..2,197..

..8,367.

...6,170

Stratford

Ontario

4,313

.. .8,239.

...3,926

Winnipeg

Manitoba

...241..

..7,985.

...7,744

Chatham

Ontario

..5,873..

..7,873.

...2,000

Brockville

Ontario

..5,102..

..7,609.

...2,507

Levis

Quebec

..6,691..

..7,597.

....906

Sherbrooke ....

Quebec

4,432

..7,227.

...2,795

Hull........

Quebec

6,890

Peterborough

Ontario

..4,611..

..6,812.

...2,201

Windsor

Ontario

..4,253..

..6,561.

...2,308

St. Henri......

Quebec

..6,415.

Frederiction

New Brunswick

.6,006..

..6,218.

....212

Victoria

British Columbia

. .3,270..

..5,925.

2,655

* The decrease of the population of the city of St. John is attributed to the great fire which occurred in the year 1877.

Area, Population and Capitals of Canadian Provinces in 1881.

Provinces.

Area in Acres.

Population.

Males.

Females.

Capital of

Province.

Population of Capital.

Ontario___

..65,111,463

1,923,228

.976,470

.946,758

Toronto

.86,415

Quebec___

.120,764,651

1,359,027

. .678,175

. .680,852

Quebec

.62,446

NovaScotia

..13,382,003

.440,572

.220,538

. .220,034

Halifax

.36,100

New Brunswick ...

..17,393,410

.321,233

.164,119

.157,114

Fredericton..

. .6,218

British Columbia .

. .218,435,200

...4,945

..29,503

..19,956

Victoria....

.5,925

Prince Ed'd Island___

..1,365,400

. 108,891

..54,729

..54,162

Charlottetown

.11,485

Manitoba

..78,848,040

..65,954

..37,207

. .28,747

Winnipeg

.7,985

N. W. Territories. . .'

1,705,761,280

..56,446

..28,113

..28,333

Regina........

Total.

2,221.061,447

4.324,810

2.188,854

2,135,956

Fishery and Game Laws in Ontario and Quebec.

Seasons in which Fish must not be caught.

Ontario.

Quebec.

Pickerel (Dore)

From Apr. 15 to May 15.

From Apr. 15 to May 15

Maskinonge

From Apr. 15 to May 15.

From Apr. 15 to May 15

Bass

From May 15 to June 15.

From Apr. 15 to May 15

Salmon (with nets)

From Aug. 1 to May 1

Salmon (with the fly)

From Sept. 1 to May 1

Speckled Trout, Brook or

River Trout...........

From Sept. 15 to May 1.

From Oct. 1 to Dec. 31

Salmon Trout and Lake

Trout...........

From Nov. 1 to 16...

From Oct. 15 to Dec. 1

Whitefish..........

From Not. 1 to 16....

From Nov. 10 to Dec. 1

Seasons in which Game must not be killed.

Ontario.

Quebec.

Deer and Cariboo

From Dec. 15 to Oct. 1.

From Feb. 1 to Sept. 1

Moose and Elk........

From Dec. 15 to Oct. 1.

From Feb. 1 to Sept. 1

Partridge, Pheasant, Grouse

From Jan. 1 to Sept. 1.

From Mar. 1 to Sept. 1

Wild Turkey and Quail

From Jan. 1 to Oct. 1

Woodcock

From Jan. 1 to Aug. 1.

From Mar. 1 to Sept. 1

Snipe

From Jan. 1 to Aug. 15.

From Mar. 1 to Sept. 1

Duck.............

From Jan. 1 to Aug. 15.

From May 1 to Sept. 1

Swans and Geese

From May 1 to Aug. 15.

From May 1 to Sept. 1

Hares

From Mar. 1 to Sept. 1.

From Feb. 1 to Sept. 1

Wild Cat, Marten and Fisher

From May 1 to Nov. 1.

From Apr. 15 to Nov. 1

Mink.............

From Apr. 1 to Nov. 1.

From Apr. 15 to Oct. 15

Otter

From May 1 to Nov. 1.

From May 1 to Oct. 1

Beaver

From May 1 to Nov. 1.

. From Apr. 30 to Sept. 1

Muskrat

From May 1 to Nov. 1.

From May 1 to Apr. 1

Net or seine fishing without license is prohibited.

Nets must be raised from Saturday night until Monday morning of each week.

Nets cannot be set or seines used so as to bar channels or bays. Indians are forbidden to fish illegally the same as white men.

Each person guilty of violating these regulations is liable to fine and costs, or in default of payment is subject to imprisonment.

No person shall, during such prohibited times, fish for, catch, kill, buy, sell or have in possession any of the kinds of fish or game mentioned above.

Birthplace of Inhabitants of Canadian Dominion by Census of 1881.

Canadian Dominion

3,715,492

British Isles

. .470,092

United States

,. .77,753

Germany

..25,328

Other British Provinces

...8,143

Other Countries

...7,455

Russia and Poland

...6,376

Not Given

...6,334

France

...4,389

Norway and Sweden

...2,076

Italy

777

At Sea

....380

Spain and Portugal.

....215

Denominational Strength in Canadian Dominion, 1881.

Roman Catholics

.1,791,982

Methodists

. .742,981

Presbyterians

676,165

Church of England

..574,818

Baptists

..296,525

Lutherans

..46,350

Congregationalists

..26,900

Disciples

..20,193

Brethren

...8,831

Jews

...2,393

Of the above 1,170,718 Roman Catholics are in the Province of Quebec, and 320,839 are in Ontario.

DUTY CHARGED BY CUSTOMS OFFICERS BETWEEN CANADA AND THE UNITED STATES.

TARIFF DUTIES UPON GOODS,

Collected by the Canadian and American Governments on Various Articles in Common Use, According to the Tariff Rates in Canada, and Adopted by the United States Congress, March 3, 1883.

Various articles upon which duty is paid are here omitted, for want of room, but those are given which, by general use, most directly concern the people.

Goods Subject to Duty.

Canadian Duty.

American Duty.

Agricultural Implements, not otherwise herein provided for, twenty-five per cent. ad valorem.

25 per cent

35 per cent

Animals, living, of all kinds, except for breeding purposes, twenty per cent. ad valorem......

20 per cent

20 per cent

Artificial Flowers and Feathers, twenty-five per cent ad valorem........

25 per cent

50 per cent

Bird Cages of all kinds, thirty per cent ad valorem..........

30 per cent

Blacking, shoe, and shoemakers' ink, twenty-five per cent. ad valorem......

25 per cent

25 per cent

Books -

Books, printed, periodical and pamphlets, not elsewhere specified, not being foreign reprints of British copyright works, nor blank account-books, nor copy-books, nor books to be written or drawn upon, nor Bibles, prayer-books, psalm and hymn-books, fifteen per cent. ad valorem......

15 per cent

25 per cent

British copyright works, reprints of, fifteen per cent ad valorem, and in addition thereto twelve and a half per cent. ad valorem......

15 pr. ct. and 12 1/2 pr. ct.

25 per cent

Bibles, prayer-books, psalm and hymn-books, five per cent. ad valorem......

5 per cent

25 per cent

Blank-books, viz.: Account-books, copy-books, or books to be drawn or written upon, thirty per cent. ad valorem......

30 per cent

20 per cent

Printed, lithographed, or copper, or steel-plate bill-heads, checks, receipts, drafts, posters, cards, other commercial blank forms, labels of every description, advertising pictures or pictorial show-cards or bills, thirty per cent. ad valorem..........

30 per cent

35 per cent

Maps and charts, twenty per cent. ad valorem...

20 per cent

25 per cent

Playing-cards, thirty per cent. ad valorem....

30 per cent

100 pr ct p pk

Printed music, bound or in sheets, six cents per pound............

6 c. per lb.

25 per cent

Breadstuffs, viz.:

Barley, fifteen cents per bushel

15 c. per bsh.

10 c. per bsh.

Buckwheat, ten cents per bushel

10 c. per bsh.

10 per cent

Indian corn, seven-and-a-half cents per bushel.

7 1/2 c. pr bsh.

10 c. per bsh.

Oats, ten cents per bushel

10 c. per bsh.

10 c. per bsh.

Rice, one cent per pound

1 c. per lb

1 1/2 Per cent

Rye, ten cent per bushel

10 c. per bsh.

10 c. per bsh.

Wheat, fifteen cents per bushel

15 c. per bsh.

20 c. per bsh.

Peas, ten cents per bushel

10 c. per bsh.

10 per cent

Beans, fifteen cents per bushel

15 c. per bsh.

10 per cent

Buckwheat meal or flour, one-fourth of one cent.

per pound....................

1/4 c. per lb

20 per cent

Cornmeal, forty cents per barrel

40 c. per brl.

10 c. per bu.

Oatmeal, one-half cent. per pound

1/2 c. per lb

1/2 c. per ft

Rye flour, fifty cents per barrel

50 c. per brl.

\Yi c per ft

Wheat flour, fifty cents per barrel

50 c. per brl.

20 per cent

Rice and Sago flour two cents per pound

2 c. per lb

20 per cent

Brick, for building, twenty per cent. ad valorem.

20 per cent

20 per cent

Butter, four cents per pound

4 c. per lb

4 c. per ft

Buttons of all kinds, twenty-five per cent. ad valorem

25 per cent

25 per cent

Carriages, wagons, railway-cars and carriages, wheelbarrows, and other like articles, thirty per cent. ad valorem.............

30 per cent

35 per cent

Cement, hydraulic, or water lime, ground, including barrels, forty cents per barrel.

40 c. per brl.

20 per cent

China and porcelain ware, thirty per cent.

ad valroem

30 per cent

55 per cent.

Clocks, and parts thereof, thirty-five per cent. ad valorem

35 per cent

30 per cent

Coal, anthracite, fifty cents per ton of two thousand pounds

50 c. per ton

75 c. per ton

Coal, bituminous, sixty cents per ton of two thousand pounds

60 c. per ton

75 c. per ton

Cocoa-nuts, one dollar per hundred

$1 per 100

2 c. per ft

Coffee, green., two cents per pound

2 c. per lb

Free.

Corks, and other manufactures of cork wood or cork bark, twenty per cent. ad valorem

20 per cent

25 per cent

Cotton, manufactures

27 per cent

35 to 40 pr c.

Earthenware and stoneware, brown or colored, and Rockinghamware, thirty per cent. ad valorem

30 per cent

25 per cent

Essences, viz.: of apple, pear, pineapple, raspberry, strawberry, and other fruits, and vanilla.

$1.90 pr Imp

Some 50 pr c;

one dollar and ninety cents per imperial gallon and twenty percent. ad valorem.

gal. and

20 per cent

some $2.50 per ft.

Feathers, ostrich and vulture, undressed, twenty and dressed, thirty per cent. ad valorem

20 & 30 p. ct

25 to 50 pr c.

Flax-seed, ten cents per bushel

10 c. per bsh.

20 c. per bsh.

Fruit, dried, viz.: Apples, two cents per pound

2 c. per lb

10 per cent

Fruit, Green, viz. :

Apples, forty cents per barrel

40 c. per brl.

10 per cent

Blackberries, gooseberries, raspberries and strawberries, four cents per pound

4 cts. pr. lb

10 per cent

Cherries and currants, one cent per pound...

1 c. per ft

10 per cent

Cranberries, plums and quinces, thirty cents per bushel

30 c. per bsh

10 per cent

Grapes, two cents per pound

2 c. per ft

20 per cent

Oranges and Lemons twenty per cent. ad valorem

20 percent

20 per cent

Peaches, one cent per pound

1 ct. pr. ft

10 per cent

Goods Subject to Duty.

Canadian Duty.

American Duty.

Fruits in air-tight cans, including cans, three cents per pound if sweetened and two cents per pound

3 c. pr lb and

35 per c. and

if not sweetened

2 c. per lb

25 per cent

Fruits, preserved in brandy or other spirits, one dollar and ninety cents per imperial gallon...

$1.90 pr I.g.

35 per cent

Furs, viz.:

Fur-skins, dressed, fifteen per cent. ad valorem.

15 percent

30 per cent

Caps, hats, muffs, tippets, capes, coats, cloaks and other manufactures of fur, twenty-five per cent. ad valorem

25 per cent

30 per cent

Furniture, house, cabinet or office, finished or in parts, including hair, spring and other mattresses, show-cases, caskets and coffins of any material, thirty-five per cent. ad valorem

35 per cent

35 per cent

Hair, curled, twenty per cent. ad valorem

20 per cent

25 per cent

Hats, caps and bonnets, not elsewhere specified, twenty-five per cent, ad valorem

25 per cent

20 per cent

Honey, bees', in the comb or otherwise, three cents per pound

3 c. per lb

20 c. pr. gal.

Hops, six cents per pound

6 c. per ft

8 c. per lb

Iron and Manufactures of, viz.:

Pig, two dollars per ton

$2 per ton

$6 per ton

Old and scrap, two dollars per ton

$2 per ton

$6 per ton

Sewing-machines, whole, or heads, or parts of heads of sewing-machines, two dollars each, and in addition thereto twenty per cent. ad valorem

$2 & 20 pr ct

45 per cent

Ink, for writing, twenty-five per cent. ad valorem

25 per cent

30 per cent

Jewelry and manufactures of gold and silver, twenty per cent. ad valorem

20 per cent

25 per cent

Lard, tried or rendered, two cents per pound...

2 c. per lb

2 c. per lb

Lard, untried, one and a half cents per pound...

1 1/2 c. per lb

2 c. per lb

Lead, old and scrap, and in pigs, bars, blocks and sheets, ten per cent. ad valorem.........

10 per cent

2@3 c. pr lb

Leather, sole, tanned but rough or undressed, ten per cent. ad valorem

10 per cent

15 per cent

Sole leather and belting leather, tanned but not waxed; and all upper leather, and French kid, fifteen per cent. ad valorem

15 per cent

15 to 20 pr c.

Boots and shoes and other manufactures of leather, including gloves and mitts and leather belting, twenty-five per cent. ad valorem...

25 per cent

30 per cent

Malt, fifteen cents per bushel, upon entry for warehouse, subject to excise regulations

15 c. per bsh.

20 c. pr bsh.

Marble, in blocks from the quarry, in the rough, or sawn on two sides only and not specially shapen, containing fifteen cubic feet or over, ten per cent. ad valorem

10 per cent

65 c. to $1.10 pr cubic ft.

Meats, fresh or salted, on actual weight as received in Canada, except shoulders, sides, bacon and hams, one cent per pound

1 c. per lb

1 c. per lb

Nuts of all kinds, except shelled Almonds, 3 cts. per pound. Shelled Almonds five cents per lb..

5 cts. pr. lb

2 c. per lb

Oil-cloth for floors, stamped, painted or printed; table covers similarly prepared, and oiled and painted window blinds, thirty per cent. ad valorem

30 per cent

40 per cent

Organs, cabinet, viz.: On reed organs having not more than two sets of reeds, a specific duty of ten dollars each; having over two and not over four sets of reeds, fifteen dollars each; having over four and not over six sets of reeds, twenty dollars; having over six sets of reeds, thirty dollars each; and in addition thereto, fifteen per centum ad valorem on the fair market value thereof

$10 $15 $20 $30 and 15 pr. ct.

25 per cent

Paintings, drawings, engravings and prints, twenty per cent. ad valorem

20 per cent

30 per cent

Paper-hangings or wall paper, thirty per cent. ad valorem

30 per cent

25 per cent

Envelopes and all manufactures of paper not otherwise specified, twenty-five per cent ad valorem

25 per cent

25 per cent

Pencils, lead, in wood or otherwise, twenty-five per cent ad valorem

25 per cent

50 c. p gross,

30 per cent

Pianofortes, viz.: All square pianofortes, whether round-cornered or not, not over seven octaves, twenty-five dollars each; on all other square pianofortes, thirty dollars each; on upright pianofortes, thirty dollars each; on concert, semi-concert or parlor grand pianofortes, fifty dollars each; and in addition thereto fifteen per cent. ad valorem

$25 $30 $50 and 15 pr. ct.

30 per cent

Plants, viz.: Fruit, shade, lawn and ornamental trees, shrubs and plants, twenty per cent. ad valorem

20 per cent

20 per cent

Plates engraved on wood, and on steel or other metal, twenty per cent. ad valorem

20 per cent

25 per cent

Printing presses of all kinds, fifteen per cent. ad valorem

15 per cent

45 per cent

Putty, twenty-five per cent. ad valorem

25 per cent

$1.00 p 100 lb

Quinine, sulphate of, twenty per cent. ad valorem

20 per cent

Free.

Sails for boats and ships, also tents and awnings, twenty-five per cent. ad valorem

25 per cent

30 per cent

Salt (except salt imported from the United Kingdom, or any British possession, or imported for

Goods Subject to Duty.

Canadian Duty.

American Duty.

the use of the sea or gulf fisheries, which shall be free of duty), in bulk, eight cents per one hundred pounds;

8c.pr 100 lbs

8 c. pr 100 lbs

Seeds, viz.: Flower garden, field and other seeds, for agricultural purposes, when in bulk or in large parcels, fifteen per cent. ad valorem; when put up in small papers or parcels, twenty-five per cent. ad valorem

15 per cent 25 per cent

20 per cent

Shingles, twenty-five per cent. ad valorem

20 per cent

35 c. per M.

Sewing silk and silk twist, twenty-five per cent ad valorem

25 per cent

30 per cent

Silk velvets and all manufactures of silk, or of which silk is the component part of chief value, not elsewhere specified, except church vestments thirty per cent. ad valorem

30 per cent

50 per cent

Soap, common brown and yellow, not perfumed,

1 1/2 c. per lb

30 per cent

Steel, and manufactures of, viz.: On and after the first day of January, 1882, steel in ingots, bars, sheets and coils, railway bars or rails and fish plates, ten per cent. ad valorem

10 per cent

$ 17 per ton

Shovels, spades, hoes; hay, manure and potato-forks; rakes and rake teeth; carpenters', coopers', cabinetmakers' and all other mechanics' tools, including files, edge tools of every description, axes, scythes, and saws of all kinds, thirty per cent. ad valorem

30 per cent

2 1/2 c. per ft to $2.50 p. doz.

Stereotypes and electrotypes of standard books, ten per cent. ad valorem

10 per cent

25 per cent

Grindstones, two dollars per ton

$2.00 per ton

$1.75 per ton

Tea, viz.: Black two cents per pound and ten per cent ad valorem...........

2 c. pr ft and 10 per cent

i Free.

Green and Japan tea three cents per pound and ten per cent. ad valorem

3 c. pr ft and 10 per cent

Free.

Trunks, satchels, valises and carpet-bags, thirty per cent. ad valorem

30 per cent

30 per cent

Twines of all kinds, not otherwise specified, twenty-five per cent. ad valorem

25 per cent

40 per cent

Type for printing, twenty per cent. ad valorem..

20 per cent

25 per cent

Vegetables, viz.: Potatoes, ten cents per bushel..

10 c. per bsh.

15 c. per bsh.

Tomatoes, thirty cents per bushel

30 c. per bsh.

10 per cent

Tomatoes, in cans, two cents per pound

2 c. per ft

30 per cent

And all other vegetables, including sweet potatoes, twenty per cent. ad valorem

20 per cent

10 per cent 30 per cent

Vinegar, twelve cents per Imperial gallon

12 c. per I. g.

7 1/2 c. p. w. g.

Watches and watch cases, twenty-five per cent.

ad valorem

25 per cent

35 per cent

Wood and manufactures of, and woodenware, viz.: Pails, tubs, churns, brooms, brushes and other manufactures of wood not elsewhere specified, twenty-five per cent. ad valorem...

Hubs, spokes, felloes, and parts of wheels, rough

25 per cent

25 per cent

Goods Subject to Duty.

Canadian Duty.

American Duty.

hewn or sawn only, fifteen per cent, ad

20 per cent

20 per cent

Lumber and timber, not elsewhere specified, twenty per cent, ad valorem.........

20 per cent

$2 p. m. ft., 1 c. p. cub. ft.

Wools and Woolens, viz. :

Manufactures composed wholly or in part of wool, worsted, the hair of the alpaca groat, or other like animal, viz.: Shawls, blankets, and flannels of every description; cloths, doeskins, cassimeres, tweeds, coatings, overcoatings, felt cloth of every description, not elsewhere specified; horse-collar cloth; yarn, knitting yarn, fingering yarn, worsted yarn under number thirty; knitted goods, viz. • Shirts, drawers and hosiery of every description; seven and a half cents per pound, and in addition thereto twenty-two and a half per cent, ad valorem. .

22 pr. ct.

Duties range from 40 to 200 per cent.

Clothing, ready-made and wearing apparel of every description, including cloth caps, composed wholly or in part of wool, worsted, the hair of the alpaca goat, or other like animals, made up or manufactured wholly or in part by the tailor, seamstress or manufacturer, except knit goods, ten cents per pound, and in addition thereto twenty-five per cent ad valorem.

10 c p lb and 25 per cent

All manufactures composed wholly or in part of wool, worsted, the hair of the alpaca goat, or other like animals, not herein otherwise provided for, twenty per cent, ad valorem....

20 per cent

Treble ingrain, three-ply and two-ply carpets, composed wholly of wool, ten cents per square yard; and in addition thereto twenty per cent, ad valorem

10 c. p. sq. yd and 20 per cent

Two-ply and three-ply ingrain carpets, of which the warp is composed wholly of cotton, or other material than wool, worsted, the hair of the alpaca goat, or other like animals, five cents per square yard, and in addition thereto twenty per cent, ad valorem.......

5 c. p. sq. yd.

and

20 per cent

Felt for boots and shoes and skirts, when imported by the manufacturers for use in their factories, fifteen per cent, ad valorem.......

15 per cent

Felt for glove linings, and endless felt for paper makers, when imported by the manufactrers for use in their factories, ten per cent, ad valorem.......

10 per cent

Wool, class one, viz.: Leicester, Cotswold, Lincolnshire, Southdown combing wools, or wools known as lustre-wools, and other like combing wools such as are grown in Canada, three cents per pound...........

3 c. per lb

Whips, thirty per cent, ad valorem.......

30 per cent

35 per cent