This section is from the book "Hill's Manual Of Social And Business Forms: A Guide To Correct Writing", by Thos. E. Hill. Also available from Amazon: Hill's Manual Of Social And Business Forms: The How-To-Do-Everything Book Of Victorian America.
THE head and bust, in Fear, are first thrown forward and then recede: the chin is drawn toward the chest; the mouth opens; the eyes are expanded and gaze upon the fearful object; the face is distorted, and contracted; the lower limbs tremble; the hands, out-spread, are held, with the palms outward, before the face and chest in great disorder; the voice is very high and abrupt, and the breathing convulsive. Fear, protracted, becomes dread, terror and fright.
Example - " Oh, take it away! - take it away - the evil thing! Ah, how its cruel eyes, and blasting breath, and flashing tongue, image of Eden's destroyer, blight my very soul! Take it away! Oh, how it chills my blood and clogs my breath! Away with it - away! Its ghostly hiss, its slimy folds, whisper of death! O! Save me from its fangs! Oh, this is terrible! - Help! help! help! - I faint! - Help! help! Oh, take it from me!"
Horror; the chest and head are thrown backward and to one side; one hand flies to the head, while the other, with open palm and outspread lingers, appears to be warding off the terrible vision; the eyes stare wildly at the object, with elevated brows; the lips and other features have a contorted appearance, and there is an inward shrinking of the entire form, one foot being thrown far back.
Example - "Oh, Horror! horror! - The vessel is on fire! See the red flames bursting through the deck, twining and climbing up mast and rope! The sails are a sheet of flame, and higher, higher still, the fire ascends I See the poor men and women huddling at the stern as the fierce winds blow the vessel onward! Oh, who will save them now? Is there no hand to help - no power to quench the flame? - Oh, horror, horror, horror! They are lost!"
AN exaggerated species of dignity, Scorn, is expressed in the straightened and rigid form; the elevated eyebrows; the scowl upon the forehead, as the lady turns slightly away from the object; the closed lips; the right hand thrown well forward, with the palm bent downward; and the voice, as manifested in bitter laughter, sarcasm, or disgust, varies in its tone and expression. The emotion of scorn frequently involves the display of either derision, mockery, contempt, or all combined.
Example - "Is the obligation to our fathers discharged? Is the debt we owe posterity paid? Answer me, thou coward, who hidest thyself in the hour of trial! If there is no reward in this life, no prize of glory in the next, capable of animating thy dastardly soul? Think and tremble, thou miscreant! at the whips and stripes thy master shall lash thee with on earth, - and the flames and scorpions thy second master shall torment thee with hereafter!"
THE attitude and the expression of Supplication are represented as follows : Either one or both knees rest upon the ground; the features assume an earnest appearance; the hands are tightly clasped beneath the chin, and the emotions of the heart are reflected in the movements of the entire form. These and the voice are regulated by the fervency of the petitions offered, being sometimes very subdued in tone; at times rising to an ardent key, and tremulous with feeling.
Example - "With flashing eye and burning brow, The mother followed heedless how, And kneeling in his presence now - ' O, spare my child, my joy, my pride ! O, give me back my child!' she cried: ' My child ! my child !' with sobs and tears She shrieked upon his callous ears."