The following table, from Porter's Census Book, shows the increase and decrease of the public debt of these different countries in the past sixteen years:

Countries.

1870.

1880.

1883. '84, '85, '86.

France..........

$2.777,522,000.

.$3,829,982,399.

$ 6,148,952,000 - '86

Great Britain ..............

. 3,883,467,000.

. .3,766,671,000.

3,711,262,470 - '86

Russia ...................

.1,070,630,000.

. .3,318,953,000.

. 3,669,944,394 - '85

Spain ....................

.1,386,952,500.

. .2,579,245,000.

... 190,000,000 - '85

Italy .....................

.1,900,000,000.

..2,540,313,000.

.2,246,903,485 - '86

United States ..............

. .2,480,672,428.

..2,120,415,371.

.1,783,438,698 - '86

Austria-Hugary ...........

.1,654,610,000.

. .1,881,115,350.

l,493,648,000 - '85

Turkey ..................

...603,446,000..

. .1,376,486,500.

..744,839,018 - '85

Portugal .................

.. .291,900,000.

....457,451.000.

..476,440,328 - '85

Australia .................

..180,065,500.

....442,851,500.

..704,596,595 - '85

Holland ..................

..369,854,000..

.....389,320,000.

..426,491,640 - '86

Canada .................

...82,730,500..

....175,191,000.

. .264.703,607 - '85

Roumania ...............

.. .63,000,000..

.....118,742,600.

.140,053,648 - '86

Greece .................

...29,199,000.

...97,330,000.

...95,311,312 - '85

German Empire* ..........

.. .60,000,000.

...94,361,438.

....90,496,660 - '84

Denmark ................

..720,242,000.

...49,317,595.

.. 140,748.500 - '85

...63,264,500.

.. .48,665,000.

.. .27,986,340 - '85

* The debt given for the German Empire in 1885 does not include the debts of any of the States composing it, but only the Empire proper.