Written Ten Years after the First Issue of This Work, Giving an Outline Sketch of the Causes Which Produced Hill's Manual.

THE purpose of this book is to teach how to write the document correctly, and do the right thing at the right time in various important positions in life.

Born in a retired part of New England, where school advantages in childhood were few, and possessed of extreme sensitiveness as to his lack of needed education, the author of this volume early realized the want of a work that would serve as a teacher and guide to those who desire an education, but have little opportunity for obtaining it. When quite young, he resolved to acquire not only a knowledge of practical life himself, but to embody in a volume, for the use of others, such information as he, in his own experience, had realized that the people required.

Twenty years went by, during which time, with an ample experience as student, teacher, traveler, editor, publisher and business-man, he was selecting, arranging, and writing that which he designed some day to publish in permanent form. At last, with time and means at command, he sat down to finish that labor which he had resolved in early years to execute, and at the end of two years and two months, from the time his close attention was given to the work, with the aid of skilled workmen in every department of book-making, at an expense of many thousands of dollars, Hill's Manual was issued to the world. Its success was immediate and permanent; and its influence as an educator has been immense, over a quarter of a million of copies having been sold; while imitations of the work, under various names, have had, in the aggregate, also, a large circulation.

Notwithstanding the great sale of this book, its author and publishers are not content to allow it to rest on its past success. With a full realization of the advancing spirit and demand of the age, coupled with superior opportunity and knowledge gathered from large experience, additions and improvements are continually being made, and no expense or effort is spared to maintain the reputation that this work has sustained from the first, as a reliable and Standard Form-Book. Chicago, 1884.

Preface 4

HILL'S MANUAL, first issued in 1873, though very complete at first, has been from time to time enlarged. The following are now the principal divisions of the work, each being quite fully treated, and several of them appropriately illustrated with instructive engravings.

DIVISION 1.

PENMANSHIP PEN-FLOURISHING.

Containing Directions, with Illustrations, for Business Penmanship, Off-Hand Flourishing, and Lithographic Plates, with Suggestions on Management of Writing Classes.......17

DIVISION 2.

SHORT-HANDING.

Giving Position for Holding Hand and Pen when Writing Short-Hand, with the Necessary Copies and Directions for Enabling Students to Write Short-Hand............44

DIVISION 3.

SPELLING BY DIFFERENT METHODS.

Containing Directions and Examples for Spelling Words According to Established Usage, and also According to the Phonetic Method of Spelling by Sound...........48

DIVISION 4.

PUNCTUATION AND CAPITALIZATION.

Giving Examples Wherein All the Different Punctuation-Marks are Brought into Use; Together with Sentences and Words that Begin with Capital Letters...............52

DIVISION 5.

GRAMMAR AND FAULTS OF SPEECH.

Containing Sentences in which Appear the Different Parts of Speech; Followed by an Exhaustive Table of Ungram-matical Sentences, with their Corrections..........55

DIVISION 6.

RHETORICAL COMPOSITION.

Presenting Striking Illustrations of Correct and Incorrect Postures when Reading; Suggestions and Examples in Composition, and a List of Rhetorical Figures and Examples..58

DIVISION 7.

DICTIONARY OF SYNONYMS.

Giving the Spelling, Definitions and Synonyms of Several Thousand Words in Common Use, whereby Writers and Speakers may Avoid Tautology in their Language.........65

DIVISION 8.

LETTER-WRITING.

Containing Forms for Letters of Correspondence, Including Superscriptions, Complimentary Addresses, Complimentary Closing, Titles of Honor in America, Europe, Etc......77

DIVISION 9.

EPISTOLARY FORMS.

Including Letters of Business, Introduction, Advice, Recommendation, Love, Friendship, Apology, Sympathy, Congratulation and Regret, Etc., and How to Write Them....85

DIVISION 10.

SOCIAL FORMS.

Giving Wedding-Cards, Wedding-Invitations, Marriage Ceremony, Marriage License, Marriage-Certificate, Notices, Cards for Marriage Anniversaries, Visiting-Cards, Etc...119

DIVISION 11.

FAMILY RECORDS.

Illustrating the Correct Method of Filling a Complete Family Record; Place of Family Names; when Born; Details of Marriage; Date of Death, Etc..............128

DIVISION 12.

LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.

Giving a Large List of Flowers and Plants; the Language Ascribed to Each, and Directions for Conversing in the Language of Flowers....................136

DIVISION 13.

SELECTIONS FOR THE ALBUM.

Containing a Large and Very Complete List of Mottoes, Sentiments and Expressions, in Prose and Poetry, Suitable for Use in the Autograph Album...............139

DIVISION 14.

LAWS OF ETIQUETTE.

Presenting, through Beautifully Engraved Illustrations, Accompanied by Directions, the Rules that Govern Polite Society; the Whole Corrected to the Latest Dates.....143

DIVISION 15.

COMMERCIAL FORMS.

Giving Promissory Notes, Bills of Sale, Checks, Drafts, Receipts, Bills of Exchange, Orders, Rates of Interest in Each State, Limits of Time for Accounts, Notes, Etc....187

DIVISION 16.

INTEREST TABLES.

Presenting, in a Simple, Original, and Condensed Form, Tables by which the Interest May be Found on any Sum, for any Time, at any Rate per Cent...............192