Wine, spirits, cider, vinegar, oil, honey, etc., are measured and sold by this measure.

The standard unit for measurement of liquids adopted by the U. S. custom house is the wine gallon, 231 cubic inches, and contains 8.388822 Avoirdupois pounds, or 58373. Troy grains of distilled water.

All liquors except milk, beer and ale are bought and sold by this measurement.

4 gills make...........................1 pint.

2 pints make...........................1 quart.

4 quarts make.........................1 gallon.

31 1/2 gallons make.......................1 barrel.

42 gallons make........................1 tierce

100 gallons make........................1 anker.

18 gallons make........................1 runlet.

63 gallons make........................1 hogshead.

2 hogsheads make......................1 pipe or butt.

2 pipes or 4 hogsheads make............1 tun.

One pint wine measure is equal to one pound Troy weight.

Wine, beer and dry measures, and all measures of volume, differ from the cubic measure only in the unit which is used as a standard.

The English Imperial Wine gallon is equal to about 1.2 times the wine gallon of the United States. The wine gallon of the United States contains 231 cubic inches.

One barrel of wine or brandy in Great Britain or United States equals............31 1/2 gallons.

One-half barrel in Pennsylvania equals.... 16 gallons. One double barrel in Pennsylvania equals..64 gallons.

A puncheon in Pennsylvania equals........84 gallons.

A tierce in Pennsylvania equals...........42 gallons.

The usual custom in the United States to reduce liquid measures to English or British ones of same denominations is to divide by 1.2, or to be exact, by 1.20032; or to change British to United States measures multiply by 1.2.