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The Business Man's Encyclopedia



A Hip-Pocket Business Counsellor - A Pigeon-Hole Legal Adviser - An Office Hard-Nut Cracker - A Commercial Britannica - A Business Man's Guide Book, combined into two volumes - As full of facts and useful information as a plum pudding is of plums. Compiled By 27 Experts who have worried about as you have worried about - worked over as you have worked over - solved as you want to solve - the vexatious business questions and legal points these two little volumes so readily answer

TitleThe Business Man's Encyclopedia
Author27 Experts
PublisherThe System Company Chicago
Year1905
Copyright1905, By The System Company
AmazonThe Business Man's Encyclopedia
The Business Man's Encyclopedia: book cover
-Book I. Business Law
An eminent lawyer has said that it is astonishing within how small a space all the principles of commercial law can be compacted. These laws are generally clear and non-technical, being the actual pra...
-Contracts
The most important subject embraced in the division, Commercial Law, is that of Contracts, nearly every act common to business being some form or modification of a contract. A contract is a delib...
-Sale Of Personal Property
Contracts Of Sale This is governed by the same principles of law as other contracts. Sale A sale is the transfer of the title in the thing sold from the vendor to the vendee in consideration ...
-Torts
The word tort is used to describe that branch of the law which treats of the redress of injuries, which are neither crimes nor arise from the breach of contracts. This branch of the law is of growi...
-Commercial Paper
Negotiable Instruments Practically every written contract or agreement involving the payment of money is negotiable in the sense that the owner can sell it to another and that the purchaser can enf...
-Partnership
Nature And Formation A partnership is the contract relation subsisting between persons who have combined their property, labor or skill in a lawful enterprise or business for their common profit. T...
-Dissolution Of Partnership
A partnership may be dissolved by mutual consent, by expiration of predetermined time, by death of one of the partners, by insanity, by the bankruptcy of either partner, or by the court for any good c...
-Banks And Banking
A bank is an institution organized for the purpose of receiving deposits of money, making loans, discounting paper, making collections, and effecting the transmission of money from one place to anothe...
-Private Banks
Organization Private banks are organized in the same manner as ordinary partnerships. They may belong to an individual or a firm. Functions The business of private banks varies in different l...
-State Banks
How Organized State banks are organized under the laws of the state in which they are located, the preliminary steps being much the same as those in organizing national banks. Circulating Notes ...
-National Banks
A national bank is a bank organized under an act passed by Congress, entitled The National Bank Act, and in addition to doing a general banking business, it has authority to issue circulating notes ...
-Loan And Trust Companies
How Organized Loan and trust companies are organized by a number of persons, usually ten or more, under the laws of the various states. Kinds Of Business Transacted These companies usually re...
-Agency
Agency is the relation existing between two or more persons, arising out of a contract giving authority to one to represent the other in business transactions. A person who so represents another is ca...
-Corporations
A corporation is an association of individuals authorized by law to act under a corporate name as a legal being. It is by far the most convenient and effective form of combination where a number of pe...
-Capital Stock
The capital stock of a company is the amount, as estimated by the incorporators, required for the purposes of the business. Authorized and fixed by the charter, it can be changed only by amendment of ...
-Stockholders
The subscribers to the capital stock of a corporation are accounted stockholders even before the permanent organization of the company and the delivery of their stock, and have the right to participat...
-By-Laws
By-laws are the permanent rules of corporate action as distinguished from resolutions, which are but temporary in their effect and apply only to the particular occasions for which they are passed. ...
-Government Supervision Of Corporations
The bureau of corporations as a part of the department of commerce and labor has, as its main purpose, authority to gather, compile, publish, and supply useful information concerning corporations doi...
-Corporation Accounting
Besides the books of a corporation necessary to record the issues and transfers of shares, there must of course be kept books to record the business transactions of the company. These books, so far as...
-Insurance
Insurance is a contract whereby for a stipulated consideration one party undertakes to compensate the other for loss on a particular subject for a specified peril. The party agreeing to make the compe...
-Fire Insurance
Fire insurance is a contract by the insurer to indemnify the owner or person having an interest in the property insured for loss or damage by fire during a specified period. A policy of fire insurance...
-Life Insurance
A life insurance contract is, in its simplest form, an agreement upon the part of the insurer to pay a specific sum of money upon the death of a certain person, called the insured, to a specific perso...
-Marine Insurance
Marine insurance is a contract by which the insurer agrees to indemnify the insured against certain perils or risks to which his ships, cargo, and profits may be exposed during a certain trip or durin...
-Casualty Insurance
Casualty insurance is an indemnity against loss resulting from bodily injury or the destruction of certain kinds of property. It may be accident insurance, which is an indemnity against personal injur...
-Landlord And Tenant
Leases By the statute of frauds in most states the lease must be in writing, if for a longer time than one year. Generally, if for one year or less it may be made orally, and this is true even thou...
-Carriers
A carrier is a person or company that undertakes to carry, or makes a business of carrying, persons or goods for hire. They may be either private, or public or common, carriers. A private carrier is o...
-Duties Of Common Carriers
Goods And Payment For Carriage Common carriers are said to be carriers of goods, and this term includes animals, money, and in fact any article of personal property that is subject to transportat...
-Carriers Of Passengers
Liability A common carrier of passengers is bound to receive and carry alike all persons applying and willing to pay for their transportation. The fare required of the passenger must be reasonable,...
-Exemption Laws
In most of the states there exists a homestead law which exempts certain real property from liability of attachment by the creditors of the owner. Certain personal property is also exempt, and in most...
-Statute Of Frauds
In the following states the statute of frauds is not in force: Alabama, Delaware, Illinois, Kentucky, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia. Th...
-Chattel Mortgages
The following extracts show the statutory provisions as to chattel mortgages in the different states and territories: Alabama Must be recorded in the office of the probate judge where the mortga...
-Chattel Mortgages. Part 2
Kansas Must be filed with the register of deeds of the county where the property is located, and where the mortgagor resides if he resides within the state. It is valid for two years from the date ...
-Chattel Mortgages. Part 3
New York Must be filed with the register of New York City or the county clerk if in a county seat, otherwise with the town clerk where the mortgagor resides If the mortgagor does not reside in the ...
-Acknowledgement Of Deeds
An acknowledgment is the act of declaring the execution of an instrument, but the word also denotes the official certificate of such declaration. All deeds and conveyances of land to be effectual as t...
-Wills
A will or testament is a final disposition of a person's property to take effect after his death. A codicil is an addition or alteration in such disposition. All persons are competent to make a will e...
-The Bankruptcy Law
Who May Become Bankrupts.(a) Any person who owes debts, except a corporation, shall be entitled to the benefits of this act as a voluntary bankrupt, (b) Any natural person (except a wage-earner or a p...
-The New Department Of Commerce And Labor
The Department of Commerce and Labor was established by Chapter 552 of the Acts of the Fifty-seventh Congress, approved February 14, 1903. The act provides that there shall be at the seat of governmen...
-Patent Office Procedure
Patents are issued in the name of the United States, and under the seal of the Patent Office, to any person who has invented or discovered any new and useful art, machine, manufacture, or composition ...
-Copyright Law Of The United States
Section 4952 of the Revised Statutes of the United States, in force December 1, 1873, as amended by the act of June 18, 1874, as amended by the act of March 3, 1891, provides that the author, inventor...
-Legal Holidays In The Various States
January 1. New Year's Day: In all the states (including the District of Columbia, Arizona, New Mexico, and Oklahoma), except Massachusetts, Mississippi, and New Hampshire. January 8. Anniversary of...
-Labor Legislation
Anti-Boycotting And Anti-Blacklisting Laws The states having laws prohibiting boycotting in terms are Illinois and Indiana. The states having laws prohibiting blacklisting in terms are Colorado,...
-Eight-Hour Laws
Arkansas Eight hours of labor constitute a day's work on public roads, highways and bridges. California Eight hours of labor constitutes a day's work, unless it is otherwise expressly stipula...
-Passport Regulations
The rules governing the granting and issuing of passports in the United States are as follows: By Whom Issued No One But The Secretary Of State May Grant And Issue Passports In The United States...
-Naturalization Laws Of The United States
The conditions under and the manner in which an alien may be admitted to become a citizen of the United States are prescribed by sections 2165-74 of the Revised Statutes of the United States. Decla...
-Domestic Rates Of Postage
All mailable matter for transmission by the United States mails within the United States is divided into four classes, under the following regulations. (Domestic rates apply to Canada, Mexico, Cuba, T...
-Domestic Rates Of Postage. Continued
Whenever the general character and manner of issue of a periodical publication is changed in the interest of the publisher, or of advertisers or other persons, by the addition of unusual quantities of...
-Book II. Business Methods. Correspondence
The importance of letter writing, while considered of theoretical value by many business men, is often viewed from the standpoint that they themselves write a good letter and should be therefore slow ...
-Elements Of A Good Business Letter
The essentials which go to make up a good business letter may be divided into two classes- mechanical make-up, and contents. Before a letter can come into existence the mechanical side must be attende...
-Elements Of A Good Business Letter. Continued
Length Letters often tend to verbosity from the fact that they are dictated instead of written. Were a man to write his letters himself with pen and ink he would study brevity and conciseness of ex...
-Sources Of Credit Information
To bring the making of credits down to a systematic and scientific basis there are four sources from which the credit man may draw: Mercantile agencies, reports from the trade, reports from the salesm...
-Collections
In collections the main thing is to get the money when due. This is more than it seems on the face of the statement. The ideal condition will never be reached when each customer pays his account when ...
-Specific Application
Collections vary so much in character, size and surrounding conditions that anything like a general rule cannot be prescribed. Classified as to size, the following methods may be considered representa...
-Bookkeeping
Bookkeeping is the art of making a systematic record of business transactions, so as to exhibit the resources and liabilities of the business. The system in use in a business, the business itself or m...
-Price Marks
The use of a set of secret marks with which to mark the price of goods is in universal use. As a rule the buying price only is marked in these characters, the selling price usually being in plain figu...
-Investments
Those having money to invest may be classed in three groups: First, those persons who wish absolute safety of principal, permanency of investment, and regularity in the payment of dividends; second, t...
-Shorthand
The term stenography is often given to shorthand, being used synonymous with it, John Willis in 1602 publishing a treatise entitled, The Art of Stenography. Phonography, tachygraphy and many other n...
-Mail Order Business Outline
There are two main divisions in the mail order business; first, as carried on by a small dealer giving it his whole attention; second, as transacted by an established house, either as side issue to as...
-Fire Insurance Adjustments
In Case Of Loss The ordinary business does not suffer from loss by fire more than once or twice in a lifetime. When a loss comes, he should be prepared to see that he obtains every cent rightfully ...
-Fire Insurance Adjustments. Continued
To Ascertain Stock When the amount of gross sales, net purchases, and rate per cent of profit are given, then to ascertain the amount of stock on hand: Rule Divide the amount of sales by 1 (o...
-Adjustment Formulas, Retail Stocks In Country Stores, Etc
Adjusters frequently are required to use their inventive faculties, in ascertaining the loss in country stores, when, after a fire, it is found that all books, papers, invoices, etc., have been destro...
-Costs
Cost Of Production Whether taken as a phase of industrial engineering or accounting, the determination of the cost of a manufactured product is of great importance. The time was when prices were se...
-Selling Price
Cost I. Prime Cost. 1. Labor in (a) Machine Shop; (b) Foundry; (c) Drawing Room. 2. Material. II. Fixed Charges. 1. Insurance. 2. Depreciation. 3. Indirect (Non-productive) Labor....
-Window Dressing
The fact that the sale of merchandise is furthered by a display of some sort or other has always been recognized, but the application of art to window dressing and the recognition of this work as gove...
-Signs
The use of signs to call attention to or designate a business, forms an important portion of publicity. There are two classes of signs- permanent signs, as a firm name placed over a door or on a build...
-Advertising Outline
The importance of advertising for every class of business needs no extended argument. Advertising matter occupies relatively the same place in business economy as a sales force, the purpose of both be...
-Advertising. Part 2
Preparation Of Advertising Copy The rough draft of an ad is usually laid out about three times larger than it is to appear in print. It is always well to make a penciled lay-out in the rough, conve...
-Advertising. Part 3
Selling Points The main point of display in this ad is the price, $6 and $8, the lower half (sketch only shown) being devoted to the strong points of this line over its competitors. Pirating Dis...
-Short Cuts
A Dictation Help When letters are dictated to stenographers, spoken names and addresses are often misunderstood. A good method to avoid error is to number the letters and simply designate them by n...
-Short Cuts. Continued
A circular should be enclosed in each of the envelopes. This, too, can be done by a boy or girl in the office. By this method every one on the list receives the mail advertising regularly, and, as the...
-Business Dictionary: A
All of the common terms used in business and commerce are defined elsewhere in these volumes and may be easily referred to by consulting the index. All necessary terms not so defined are here listed f...
-Business Dictionary: B
backing. Indorsement. balance sheet. A tabular statement showing assets and liabilities, profit and loss. ballooning. Inflating a stock value. [Colloquial.] bear. A speculator believing in lower pr...
-Business Dictionary: C
call. A contract binding the issuer to deliver on demand to the holder agreed stock within a certain time at a certain price. called bond. A bond issued with the privilege of re-demption after a ce...
-Business Dictionary: D
dating. Extension of credit beyond the ostensible term by placing the date ahead. dead assets. Unproductive assets. debenture. A certificate of debt; unless secured, a promissory note. declarati...
-Business Dictionary: E
equipment bond. One of a series of bonds given for money to equip a railroad with rolling stock. equity. The difference between the value of encumbered property and the incumbrance standing against...
-Business Dictionary: F
fiat money. Money by decree of the government. finance committee. A board directing monetary affairs. financial statement. A balance sheet. first mortgage. A mortgage that must be satisfied b...
-Business Dictionary: G-I
general mortgage. A blanket mortgage. gold bond. A bond payable only in gold, principal and interest. gold point. That period in the buying and selling of foreign exchange when it permits the im...
-Business Dictionary: J-L
joint bond. A bond on which two or more parties are bound, as in certain railroad issues. Joint mortgage. A mortgage issued jointly by two or more parties. joint-stock company. A company having ...
-Business Dictionary: M-N
marked check. A check bearing a private mark without which it is not valid. merger. A trust. mileage. 1. The number of miles in a railroad. 2. Distance traveled. 3. Transportation issued in cont...
-Business Dictionary: O
obligatory bond. Any bond having the interest at a fixed rate payable at designated intervals. operating company. The company carrying on a road, the ownership of which vests elsewhere. option. ...
-Business Dictionary: P
paid-up stock. Stock paid for in full. paper profits. Probable profits from transactions not closed. par. Face value. parent company. A company from which other companies derive authority. ...
-Business Dictionary: Q-R
quarter-stock. Stock at the par value of $25. quick assets. Property quickly convertible into cash. quid. One pound sterling. [English.] quotation. Price. On the stock exchange quotations for st...
-Business Dictionary: S
scrip. 1. A certificate for a fraction. of a share of stock, usually exchangeable for shares when presented in sufficient quantities. 2. United States paper currency of less than $1 denomination, - no...
-Business Dictionary: T-Z
tack. The direction in which a speculator's interest lies. . tax bond. A state bond receivable for taxes. time lean. Money borrowed for a specified period. ton-miles, ton-mileage. Number o...
-Abreviations And Arbitrary Signs Used In Business
A. or Am..........America; American. A1.................First class. Acct. or acct........Account. Acct. Cur...........Account Current. Acct. Sales.........Account of Sales. Adv. or adv...
-Book IV. Business Systems
As an aid to office economy and the proper administration of business affairs, the card-index system stands as the greatest improvement over old methods that has been or ever can be introduced. Card s...
-Advantages Of Card Systems
Instant Reference The index cards guide one very closely to the card desired and an instant's fingering of three or four cards locates it exactly. Unlimited Growth New cards can be inserted a...
-Banking
An excellent system that is used by several metropolitan banks is described by Charles W. Reihl, the bank expert of Philadelphia. This gives numerous labor-saving uses of cards, particularly as an aid...
-Mail Order Business
A general outline of the mail order business is given on preceding pages, and following is outlined by O. F. Kohl, the handling of one of the most important parts of mail order work - the following up...
-Working Up City Trade
In large jobbing centers the local or city trade is no small item when properly and systematically canvassed by salesmen who call upon their trade weekly, bi-weekly or monthly. The following method...
-Correspondence
A simple plan aiding the busy correspondent is given by J. T. Mills. Arrangement Of File When arranging a correspondence file, care should be taken that not only must the letters be filed in suc...
-Advertising
The general principles of advertising have already been treated in a preceding article. Following is given by Arthur H. Vandenberg, a description of a method of placing advertising and of recording re...
-Filing Of Want Cards
A simple method of maintaining a record of quotations and purchases, and facilitating the taking of stock, is given by W. E. Miles. Want cards save time, maintain a record of quotations and purchas...
-Factory Shipments
This is an example of an adaptable system and one of value, contributed by Lawrence L. Hall. This system, which was installed in the factory of Hilliard & Tabor, at Haverhill, Massachusetts, after ...
-Soliciting
Following is given, by A. C. Hanbold, Special Agent, Equitable Life Assurance Co., a system using a two-card record. While here applied to insurance, it affords valuable pointers to a solicitor in any...
-Law
Following is described by Morris R. Osborne, a method by which the documents of a law office may be kept in easily accessible form. The Common Or Envelope Method The ordinary method of filing pa...
-Numerical System Of Filing
The old style of filing correspondence was by alphabetical arrangement in flat files. These as they became full were stored with their contents. Unless the files were rearranged - which was a rare occ...
-Advantages Of The Vertical System
Quick Reference Any folder, and therefore all the correspondence, can be secured at once. Only an instant's consultation of the card index is needed and not even this will be necessary after the sy...
-Business Advice By Captains Of Industry
The business man of to-day who deals with the larger problems of finance, law, trade, and the many other divisions comprehended under the generic term business, makes no secret of the methods by whi...
-Business Advice By Captains Of Industry. Continued
System and organization are the controlling elements of any large commercial or industrial enterprise - the two reins by which the business bodies are guided. In nearly every sphere of activity are f...
-Book V. Business Tables. Duties On Imports
A Table of Leading Articles Imported, Giving Rate at Entry by the Tariff Act of 1897. Note. - N. e. s. indicates when not elsewhere specified; ad val. indicates ad valorem duty. Articles - Tariff...
-Book V. Business Tables. Duties On Imports. Continued
Ivory, manufactures of, n. e. s... ....35% ad val. Jewelry .......................60% ad val. Knit goods, wool, value not over 30 ct. per lb................44 ct. per lb. and 50% ad val. Knit...
-Tables Of Weight, Measure, Etc. Troy Measure
For weighing gold, silver and precious stones. 24 grains make.........................1 pennyweight. 20 pennyweights make..................1 ounce. 12 ounces make.........................1 po...
-Wine Or Liquid Measure
Wine, spirits, cider, vinegar, oil, honey, etc., are measured and sold by this measure. The standard unit for measurement of liquids adopted by the U. S. custom house is the wine gallon, 231 cubic ...
-Miscellaneous Weights And Measures
A cylinder one foot in diameter and one foot high contains 1357.1712 cubic inches. .7854 cubic foot, .02909 cubic yard. 188.0064 United States liquid gills. 47.0016 United States liquid pints. 23.508 ...
-Miscellaneous Weights And Measures. Part 2
Fluid Measure 60 minims make.............................1 drachm. 8 drachms make.............................1 ounce. 16 ounces make..............................1 pint. 8 pints make........
-Miscellaneous Weights And Measures. Part 3
Land Measure Or Square Measure Used in measuring surfaces. 144 sq. inches make.................'1 sq. foot. 9 sq. feet make....................1 sq. yard. 30 1/4 sq. yards, 272 1/4 sq. inc...
-Standard Time
Primarily, for the convenience of the railroads, a standard of time was established by mutual agreement in 1883, by which trains are run and local time regulated. According to this system, the United ...
-Punctuation Marks And Rules For Using Them
The period [.] denotes the close of a sentence. A period is placed after every declarative and imperative sentence. All abbreviations are followed by period, also all numbers in the Roman notation. ...
-Rules For The Use Of Capitals
Most words commence with small letters. Capitals must be used only when required by the following rules: The first word of every sentence and the first word of every line of poetry should begin wit...
-Rules For Spelling
Words ending in e drop that letter before the termination able, as in move, movable; unless ending in ce or ge, when it is retained, as in change, changeable, etc. Words of one syllable ending in a...
-Tables Of Use In Printing
Leads And Slugs Leads are designated as - to-Pica, the number being that fraction of a Pica which the lead is, viz.: a 6-to-Pica lead is one-sixth of a Pica in thickness, or six, 6-to-Pica's, ar...
-Essay On Burn's First
Burn's first came upon the World as a prodigee, and was, in that character, entertained by it, in the usua| fashion, with vague, loud, tumultuous wonder, spe dily subsiding into sencure and neglect, t...
-Marks Used In Proof-Reading
Take out; delete. This character is variously made, these forms being common. Space; more space; - often used in conjunction with the caret. Push down; - designating a space or quad which sh...
-Geographical Tables
Population of Incorporated Places; Census of 1900 One Hundred Largest Cities New York, N. T... .3,437,202 Chicago, 111.........1,698,575 Philadelphia, Pa.....1,293,697 St. Louis, Mo..........
-Geographical Tables. Part 2
Population of Incorporated Places; Census of 1900 One Hundred Largest Cities Benton Harbor, Mich 6,562 Berkeley, Cal........ 13,214 Berlin, N. H......... 8.886 Bessemer, Ala....... 6,358 ...
-Geographical Tables. Part 3
Population of Incorporated Places; Census of 1900 One Hundred Largest Cities Everett, Wash...... 7,838 Fairmont, W. Va---- 5,655 Fall River, Mass___ 104,863 Fargo, N. Dak...... 9,589 Fa...
-Geographical Tables. Part 4
Population of Incorporated Places; Census of 1900 One Hundred Largest Cities Louisville, Ky....... 204,731 Lowell, Mas......... 94,969 Ludington, Mich.... 7,166 Lynchburg, Va...... 18,891 ...
-Geographical Tables. Part 5
Population of Incorporated Places; Census of 1900 One Hundred Largest Cities Peru, Ind............ 8,463 Petersburg, Va...... 21,810 Petoskey, Mich...... 5,285 Philadelphia, Pa___1,293,697...
-Geographical Tables. Part 6
Population of Incorporated Places; Census of 1900 One Hundred Largest Cities Wabash, Ind......., 8,618 Waco, Tex.......... 20,686 Walla Walla, Wash. 10,049 Wallingford, Conn... 6.737 Wa...
-Postal Distances And Time Between New York And Other Cities Of The United States
The distances by the shortest routes and the time by the fastest trains between New York city and the points indicated are given by the Official Postal Guide as follows: Cities in United States. Mi...
-Qualifications For Suffrage, Voting, Etc. Requirements For Citizenship And For Voting
border=1> States Requirements as to Citizenship Residence it State County Precinct Alabama.......a ...
-Tables Of Interest, Discount, Etc. Interest
Interest is commonly defined to be a compensation for the use of money or value, though literally it is the use of money. The amount received or paid for interest is usually a percentage on the amo...
-Tables Of Interest, Discount, Etc. Interest. Continued
Then add 1-6 of itself for 7 per cent Then add 1-3 of itself for 8 per cent Then add 1-2 of itself for 9 per cent Then add 2-3 of itself for 10 per cent Subtract 1-6 of itself for 5 per cent Subtract ...
-Time At Which Money Doubles At Interest
border=0> Rate Per Cent. Simple Interest. Compound Interest. 2............ ,50 years. 35 years 1 day. 2 1...
-How Money Grows At Interest
If one dollar be invested and the interest added to the principal annually, at the rates named, we shall have the following result as the accumulation of one hundred years: One dollar, 100 years at...
-Interest Laws Of The United States, Showing Days Of Grace
The following data give the state, penalty of usury, legal rate, maximum rate permitted, and whether days of grace are allowed on sight, demand and time negotiable instruments. Alabama All inter...
-Discount
Discount is an allowance made for the payment of money before it becomes due, and is either the interest on the debt for the time, which is called true discount, or upon such a sum as will amount to t...
-Estimating Profits
In order to ascertain the profit received, it will be necessary to find the actual cost of the merchandise and then deduct the cost from the selling price, and the remainder will be the profit. There ...
-Coins Of The United States
The coins at present in circulation in the United States may be classified as gold coins, silver dollars, subsidiary silver and minor coins. The gold coins are the double-eagle, the eagle, the half-ea...
-Rapid Calculation. "Lightning Method" Of Multiplication And Division
To multiply by 125, divide by 8, and call it thousands, because 125 is 1/8 of a thousand. To multiply by 12 1/2, divide by 8; call it hundreds. To multiply by 1 1/4, divide by 8; call it tens. ...
-Metric System
The Metric System has been adopted by Mexico, Brazil, Chile, Peru, etc., and except Russia and Great Britain, where it is permissive, by all European nations. Various names of the preceding systems ar...
-Marking Goods. Rule For Marking Goods To Make Specific Profits
In marking goods bought by the dozen to make a specific per cent of profit, the following will be of assistance: To make 12 1/2 per cent, remove the decimal point and add one-sixteenth. To make ...









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