GNU make

GNU make is commonly known as gmake but is normally referred to as make on GNU based systems such as Linux.

Note Note
 

For consistency we will refer to the GNU make as gmake throughout the rest of this book.

We recommend that you use at least GNU make version 3.76.1 or higher when compiling PostgreSQL. To verify the existence and correct version number of GNU make, type the following at the command line:

Example 2-1. Verifying GNU Make

[user@host user]$ gmake --version
GNU Make version 3.79.1, by Richard Stallman and Roland McGrath.
Built for i386-redhat-linux-gnu
Copyright (C) 1988, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 2000
        Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.
There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
 
Report bugs to <bug-make@gnu.org>.
 
[user@host user]$
ISO/ANSI C Compiler

There are numerous ISO/ANSI C compilers available. The recommended compiler for compiling PostgreSQL is the GNU C Compiler, although PostgreSQL has been known to build with compilers from different vendors. At the time of this writing, the most commonly distributed versions of GCC are 2.95 and 2.96 (RedHat Linux 7.x and Mandrake Linux 8.x) . If you currently do not have GCC installed you can download it by visiting the GNU website at: http://gcc.gnu.org/

To check for the existence and version of GCC, you can type the following at the command line:

Example 2-2. Verifying GCC

[user@host user]$ gcc --version
2.95.3
[user@host user]$
Available Disk Space

PostgreSQL does not require the extensive use of resources. In fact, in comparison to products such as Oracle, PostgreSQL could be considered fat-free. However, PostgreSQL is a database, and as with any database the the requirements will grow as you continue to use PostgreSQL.

On a RedHat Linux 6.2 machine you will need approximately 50 megabytes of hard drive to unpack the source and 60 megabytes of hard drive space to compile. If you choose to run the regression tests you will need approximately an additional 30 megabytes. Depending on the configuration options you choose PostgreSQL can take anywhere from 8 and 15 megabytes of hard drive space once installed.

Note Remember Disk Space
 

PostgreSQL's space requirements will grow as you use it.

Trying to install on a system lacking in necessary space is potentially dangerous! Before installing PostgreSQL it is recommended that you check your filesystem for enough disk space in your intended installation partition (e.g., /usr/local ). If you have a GNU-based system, the df command should be at your disposal.

Example 2-3. Verifying Disk Space

[user@host user]$ df -k
Filesystem           1k-blocks      Used Available Use% Mounted on
/dev/hda1              2355984    932660   1303644  42% /
/dev/hdb1              4142800   2133160   1799192  54% /home
/dev/hda6              1541680    272540   1190828  19% /usr/local
[user@host user]$
GNU zip and tar

GNU zip is also called gzip . Gnu zip is a compression utility which can compress as well as decompress files. All compressed, or "zipped", files made with gzip have a ".gz" extension. You can test for the existence of the gzip program with the gzip --version command.

In addition to gzip , you will require a copy of tar , a utility used to group several files and directories into a single archive, as well as to unpack these archives onto the filesystem. An archived tar output file will typically contain a ".tar" extension. Files which are both archived by tar and compressed by gzip often have a ".tar.gz" compound extension, as is the case with the included PostgreSQL source distribution. You can test for tar with the tar --version command.

Example 2-4. Verifying gzip and tar

[user@host user]$ gzip --version
gzip 1.3
(1999-12-21)
Copyright 1999 Free Software Foundation
Copyright 1992-1993 Jean-loup Gailly
This program comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY.
You may redistribute copies of this program
under the terms of the GNU General Public License.
For more information about these matters, see the file named COPYING.
Compilation options:
DIRENT UTIME STDC_HEADERS HAVE_UNISTD_H HAVE_MEMORY_H HAVE_STRING_H
Written by Jean-loup Gailly.

[user@host user]$ tar --version
tar (GNU tar) 1.13.17
Copyright 2000 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This program comes with NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.
You may redistribute it under the terms of the GNU General Public License;
see the file named COPYING for details.
Written by John Gilmore and Jay Fenlason.
[user@host user]$