Iron articles are easily coppered or brassed by dipping in copper solutions, or else coppered or brassed by the galvanic method; these coatings also scale off after a short time, especially if the iron surface was not thoroughly cleaned, when exposed to the influence of moist air. By the following process it is easy to provide iron articles with a handsome bronze-colored protoxide coating; it resists the influence of humidity pretty well, and besides this, the operator has it in his power to produce any desired bronze color in a simple manner.

The cleansed and scoured articles are exposed to the vapors of a heated mixture of concentrated hydrochloric and nitric acids (1 and 1) for from two to five minutes; and then, without unnecessarily touching them, heated to a temperature of 300 to 350 degrees. The heating is continued until the bronze color becomes visible upon the articles. After they have been cooled, they are tubbed over with petroleum jelly, and again heated until the jelly begins to decompose. After cooling, the article is anew rubbed over with petroleum jelly. If now the vapors from a mixture of concentrated hydrochloric and nitric acids are permitted to operate upon the iron article, light red-brown tones are obtained. However, if acetic acid is mixed to the mentioned two acids, and the vapors permitted to operate upon the iron, oxide coatings are obtained, possessing a handsome bronze yellow color. All graduations of color from dark red-brown to light red-brown or from bronze-yellow to dark brown-yellow are produced by varying the mixtures of the acids.

(2) Iron has sometimes to be bronzed for domestic use. The following is a very simple way of obtaining a good bronze: Mix an equal quantity of butter of antimony and oil of olives; put this mixture on the iron which is required to be bronzed with a brush, the iron having been previously brightened with emery and cloth, and leave it for several hours. Then rub with wax and varnish with copal.