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The Manual Of Receipts | by Sidney Paine Johnston



Being a collection of formulae and processes for artisans, giving the composition of various alloys, amalgams, solders, bronzes, lacquers, varnishes, cements, etc., also data for the preservation and decoration of various metallic articles. Compiled from tbi files of the american artisan and various other sources.

TitleThe Manual Of Receipts
AuthorSidney Paine Johnston
PublisherThe American Artisan Press
Year1899
Copyright1899, Daniel Stern
AmazonThe Manual Of Receipts
-Preface
Not so very many years ago the publication of a book such as this one would have been an impossibility, as metal workers guarded their secrets with jealous care and would, under no consideration, give...
-The American Artisan Manuals
Each the highest authority in its particular field. Each handsomely and substantially bound in red cloth with cover embossed in gold. The Tinsmiths' Pattern Manual A practical book for sheet met...
-Alloy For Solder
A soft alloy which attaches itself so firmly to the surface of metals, glass and porcelain that it can be employed to solder articles that will not bear high temperature, can be made as follows: Coppe...
-Babbitt's Anti-Attrition Metal
This well-known bearing metal is made by melting separately 8 parts of regulus of antimony, 12 parts of Banca tin and 4 parts of copper, and after fusing same adding 12 parts of tin. The antimony is a...
-Blacking - Stove
The following formula is said to make an excellent stove blacking: Two parts copperas, 1 part bone-black, 1 part black lead, mixed to consistency of cream with water. Make two applications of the poli...
-Blue Print Process
The process is a simple one, requiring for its manipulation to obtain best results, prepared, or heliographic paper, a copying frame, glass and cushion, which may be obtained of dealers in artists' ma...
-Bronze - Green For Brass
A green bronze for brass is obtained by mixing 1 part of green vitriol, 1 part of gum arabic, 1 part of sal-ammoniac, 1 part of red umber, 1 part of mineral green, 80 parts of strong vinegar and 4 par...
-Bronzing Copper
A good bronze for copper is made by the dissolution of: 30 parts Hydro-chlorate Ammonium, 10 parts Cream of Tartar, 10 parts Common Salt, 10 parts Acetate of Copper, 100 parts Acetate Acid, moderat...
-Bronzing Iron
Iron articles are easily coppered or brassed by dipping in copper solutions, or else coppered or brassed by the galvanic method; these coatings also scale off after a short time, especially if the iro...
-Bronzing Tin
To bronze tin, prepare two solutions. (1) 1 part of Ferrous Sulphate, 1 part of Cupric Sulphate, 20 parts of Distilled Water, (2) 4 parts Verdigris, 16 parts Vinegar. The article to be bronze...
-Bronzing Zinc
Zinc, which is to be bronzed, should be given an electro-deposition of brass, which is then dipped into a weak solution of sulphate of copper in order to impart a red tint. When it is dry, moisten wit...
-Casting Iron With Pure Lead
For casting iron or steel plates with nearly pure lead, the material to be treated is subjected to a series of five baths. The first is in a pickle, through which a weak current of electricity is pass...
-Cement - Aquarium
Cement for aquariums can be prepared in the following way: (1) Take 1 gill of litharge, 1 gill of plaster of paris, 1 gill of fine white sand, 1-3 of a gill of finely powdered resin. Mix well and b...
-Cement For Joints
A cement for filling in joints and uniting iron surfaces is made as follows: Take 100 parts iron filings, no larger than rape seed and free from rust, 1/2 part of flowers of sulphur and 3/4 part of co...
-Cement For Metal Letters
A cement for fastening metal letters upon wood, metal, glass, etc., is compounded of 5 parts of oil of turpentine, 5 parts of boiled linseed oil, 15 parts of copal varnish and 5 parts of glue. The dis...
-Cement - Iron
A good cement for iron railing top, iron grating, etc., is made of equal parts of white lead and sulphur with about 1-6 part of borax, these three substances being intimately mixed, forming a homogene...
-Cleaning Brass
Acids should never be employed in cleaning brass, as the metal soon becomes dull after such treatment. The application of olive oil and very fine tripoli, followed by a washing with soap and water, co...
-Coating Aluminum
The processes ordinarily used for covering metals with zinc, tin and lead have not, up to the present, appeared to be applicable to aluminum. When a plate of aluminum, mechanically or chemically clean...
-Coloring Brass
The pieces to be operated on must first be slightly corroded by placing them for a minute or two in dilute sulphuric acid. They are next rubbed with sand and water, washed and dried. Brown of any shad...
-Coloring Brass Violet
To give a violet color to brass dissolve 4 1/2 ounces of sodium hyposulphide in 1 quart of water. Then dissolve 1 ounce 3 3/4 drachms of crystallized sugar of lead in another quart of water and mix th...
-Coloring Soft Solder
In order that solder employed for soldering copper may have the same color, the first step in preparation is making a saturated solution of pure sulphate of copper and the application of the same to t...
-Coloring Zinc
Beautiful and durable rainbow colorations are imparted to zinc by a very simple process. The zinc to be thus treated may be in any form, cast or sheet, the special requisites being that it be pure, dr...
-Crystallizing Tin Plate
In crystallizing tin plate the figures are more or less beautiful, according to the degree of heat and relative dilution of the acid. Place the tinplate, slightly heated, over a tun of water, and rub ...
-Decorating Zinc
A beautiful and permanent dark or light green coating, resembling enamel, can be applied to all kinds of zinc articles, especially those made of sheet zinc, in the following manner: Fifty parts of hyp...
-Etching Names On Steel
With equal quantities of copper sulphate (blue vitriol), sodium chloride (common salt), well-powdered and mixed together, names or other marks can be etched on steel. The wax process must be used, alt...
-Galvanizing Cast-Iron
Thoroughly clean the pieces by tumbling, heat them and plunge while hot into the following liquid: Ten pounds hydrochloric acid and sufficient sheet zinc to make a saturated solution. In making this s...
-Gilding - Light - Test For
To discover if any metal has a thin gold coating or whether its appearance is due to a gilding lacquer, clean a portion of the article which you desire tested with either ether or alcohol and dissolve...
-Gold Beating
To beat gold, put same into a stone crucible, melt and pour it into a mold, thus giving it a right width for rolling. Run it through rollers whose pressure is such that a bar of gold 1 inch thick, say...
-Green Coating For Zinc
To give zinc a dark or light green coating dissolve 50 parts hydro-sulphite of sodium in 500 parts of boiling water and immediately pour the solution into 25 parts of sulphuric acid. This will cause t...
-Gum Copal
Copal varnish is one of the very finest varnishes for japanning purposes. It can be dissolved by linseed oil, rendered dry by adding some quicklime at a heat somewhat less than will boil or decompose ...
-Hardening Tools
In order to harden tools without making them warp or having their interior become too hard and brittle, the following compound will be found desirable: 500 parts Peruvian Bark. 25 parts Common S...
-Insulating Covering For Steam Pipes
Insulating coverings for steam pipes is made by boiling together 1 lb. Rye Flour, 1 lb. Rice Flour, 1 lb. Treacle, 1 lb. Cow's Hair, with 150 qts. Water. To which mass 80 lbs. of infusorial earth i...
-Insulation For Electrical Conduits
A good insulating material for electrical conduits is made by the mixture of 34 parts finely pulverized resin with 66 parts fine glass or quartz powder. To this compound the addition is to be made of ...
-Japanning - Black Ground For
A good black ground for japanning is prepared by grinding fine ivory black with a sufficient quantity of alcoholic shellac varnish on a stone slab with a muller until perfectly smooth black varnish is...
-Japanning
The process of japanning upon light iron work, like the frames of oil and gasoline stoves, is simple, but requires an oven constructed on purpose for this kind of work, where any amount of it is to be...
-Japan - Tortoise Shell
This varnish is prepared by taking of good linseed oil 1 gallon, and of umber half a pound, and boiling them together until the oil becomes very brown and thick, when they are strained through a cloth...
-Keeping Metals From Rusting
To keep metals from rusting rub them off perfectly clean and paint them over with the following mixture: Dissolve half an ounce of camphor in a pound of lard, or in that proportion, according to the q...
-Lustreless Surfaces On Steel
To give a finely polished lustreless surface on tempered steel, rub the article along a smooth iron surface with pulverized oil stone until it is perfectly even and smooth. Next lay it on a sheet of w...
-Manufacture Of Knives From Old Files
To make knives from old files, first draw the temper from the file by heating it to a cherry red. Then put in ashes of about 5 inches on the forge, leaving it there until it becomes cool. Next grind o...
-Method Of Coppering Tin
The ingredients given below are those required to make one gallon of the solution: Take first 1 gallon of clean water, which bring to the boiling point, then dissolve in it 8 ounces of sulphate of ...
-Moire Metallique
In order to give tinplate a crystalline surface, polishing it by hammering and then heat over a coal fire, so that the tin will melt without oxidation, then remove same, and water is poured over the s...
-Mucilage For Labeling Tin
A good mucilage for sticking labels on tin is one of the popular wants of the day. Every little while, also, formulas or methods are published, and we should judge from this that many of the methods g...
-Paint For Tin Roof And For Iron
The best paint for tin roof - a paint which will preserve the tin and stand wear, also is a good paint for iron: Pure linseed oil, or, as some prefer, equal parts of linseed oil and good fish oil, sho...
-Paint - Luminous
This useful paint may, it is said, be made by the following simple method: Take oyster shells and clean them with warm water; put them into the fire for half an hour; at the end of that time take them...
-Pickling Brass
To pickle brass, heat the article in a muffle at a dark-red heat and then dip same in diluted sulphuric acid, in order to produce a clean metallic surface. After this heating and immersion, throw the ...
-Polishing Articles Of Steel, Gilt, Bronze, Gold, Etc
Jewelers' rouge is artificially made as follows: Pulverized saltpetre and common salt are mixed with pulverized green vitriol, the compound being stirred with water to a paste and boiled down to dryne...
-Polishing Brass, Copper And Tombac
First plunge the articles in nitric acid and then wash rapidly in a large quantity of water, then dip them with constant movement for a few seconds in a mixture which has been allowed to stand at leas...
-Polishing Metals
The first step in the polishing of metals consists in rubbing down the surface by some hard material that will produce a series of scratches in all directions, the level of which is practically identi...
-Polishing Soap
A good polishing soap is made by stirring together 24 pounds of cocoanut oil and 12 pounds of lye at 38 to 40 degrees Be, and after the mass is polished, 3 pounds colcothar mixed with 3 pounds of wate...
-Recovery Of Gold And Silver From Sweepings, Etc
To recover gold and silver from sweepings and other refuse, dry the latter and heat them in a Hessian crucible. The glowed mass is then to be triturated in an enameled kettle with water and treated wi...
-Recovery Of Tin From Scrap
To recover tin from tinplate waste or scrap, treat same with dilute chlorine, hotter than chlorine of tin, at the boiling point, so that the latter, directly upon its formation, evaporates, as if it s...
-Rouge For Polishing Metals
A rouge for polishing metals is obtained as follows: Sulphate of iron is to be heated in an iron vessel over a slow fire and continuously stirred with an iron spatula until it becomes dry and assumes ...
-Silvering Iron
To silver iron, first cover the iron with mercury, and silver by the galvanic process. By heating 300 degrees C., the mercury evaporates and the silver layer is fixed. Ironware is first heated with di...
-Solder
A soft alloy, which adheres so firmly to metallic, glass and porcelain surfaces that it can be used as solder, and which is invaluable when the articles to be soldered are of such a nature that they c...
-Solder For Aluminum
For sheet aluminum an iron tin solder may be used with a flux composed of resin, neutral chloride of zinc, and grease. The metal should not be cleaned or scraped unless it is absolutely necessary to d...
-Solder For Silver
Among the common hard silver solders for first soldering are those made in the following proportions: (1) 10 parts Brass, 5 parts Zinc, 1 part Copper, 19 parts Fine Silver. (2) 3 parts Brass, 4 ...
-Solder - Platinum
Platinum crucibles and wires may be soldered by means of fine gold wire in the oxyhydrogen jet. It can also be soldered over a blow-pipe. The solder used is auric chloride (Au Cl), which on heating de...
-Solder - Soft
The commonest soft solder used consists of 1 part of lead and 2 parts of tin. The greater the proportion of lead the cheaper will be the solder. The most fusible solder not containing bismuth is made ...
-Tinning Bath For Metals
To cover metals with a layer of tin by an immersion process, they are dipped, after being well cleaned, in a boiling bath, containing ammoniacal alum, 535 parts; water, 870 parts; proto-chloride of ti...
-Tinning Metals
To cover metals with a layer of tin by an immersion process, they are dipped, after being well cleaned, in a boiling bath containing ammoniacal alum, 535 parts; boiling water, 4,600 parts; proto-chlor...
-Tinning Small Steel Articles
Clean articles bright with sulphuric acid. Having made all parts clean, wash in a solution of sal-ammonia, and dry them in sawdust or by heat; but be sure they are dry before bathing in metal or the m...
-Utilizing Nickel Waste
To utilize the waste from nickel sand, which collects on the bottom of vats and also from cast nickel anodes, wash same often in clean hot water and then boil in dilute sulphuric acid, in which there ...
-Varnish - Black, For Tin
An excellent black varnish for zinc or tin is composed as follows: Equal parts of chlorate of potassium and blue vitriol (sulphate of topper) are dissolved in 36 times as much warm water, and the solu...
-Varnish - Black, For Zinc
A black varnish for zinc is made by the dissolution equal parts of blue vitriol and chlorate of potash in 36 times their volume of warm water. The solution is then permitted to cool. Should there be i...
-Varnish-Color. For Sheet Metals
A color varnish for sheet metals is made by powdering 7 1/2 drachms of acetate of copper in a mortar, spreading this powder in a thin layer upon a plate and allowing it to stand in a lukewarm place. I...
-Varnish For Tinplate
A receipt for varnishes for tinplate is as follows: Take 30 grams of sub-acetate of copper (copper green) and make into powder, spread quite thin on a porcelain plate and keep in a moderately warm pla...
-Welding Cast-Steel
In welding cast-steel it should be kept from the air during the heating and should be heated as quickly as possible. It should not be made too hot or it is liable to either burn or break in pieces whi...
-Acetate Of Lead - Alloy Of Tin And Copper
Acetate Of Lead Acetate of lead is obtained by the dissolution of litharge in acetic acid. It is poisonous. Agate Ware - Repairing To mend agate ware, place the article to be repaired on ...
-Alloy - Wood's - Annealing Steel
Alloy - Wood's Is composed of tin (2 parts), lead (4 parts), cadmium (1 to 2 parts), bismuth (5 to 8 parts). Aluminum Brass Aluminum brass is an alloy composed of aluminum with zinc and c...
-Anti-Friction Composition - Bell Metal
Anti-Friction Composition An anti-friction composition, used with great success in Bavaria, instead of oil, tallow, etc., is thus made: 10 1/2 parts of lard are melted with 2 parts of pulverized pl...
-Bending Tin Tubes - Blacking Sheet Zinc
Bending Tin Tubes The way to bend tin, brass, or copper tubes is as follows: Make the tube with a lap seam, solder it, and solder up one end. Fill the tube with melted rosin and let it get cold. Wi...
-Blue Color For Iron And Steel - Brass Pipe Finish
Blue Color For Iron And Steel To give iron and steel a bluish color cleanse the article thoroughly with lime and then brush it over with a mixture composed of the following ingredients: 16 parts...
-Brass - Red - Bronze For Castings
Brass - Red Red brass is composed of: 17 parts Tin, 81 parts Copper, 2 parts Cupro-roanganese, or from 14 parts Tin, 85 parts Copper, 1 part Cupro-manganese. Brass - Test For To ...
-Bronze For Cast Iron - Bronze - Statuary
Bronze For Cast Iron To bronze cast iron, mix equal parts of petroleum oil and French yellow, to the consistency of paint, and apply hot. Bronze For Gilding A good bronze for gilding must...
-Bronze - Sun - Bronzing Iron Or Steel
Bronze - Sun Sun bronze is an alloy composed of 60 parts cobalt or 40 parts cobalt, 10 parts aluminum, 40 or 30 parts copper. Bronze - Tucker To obtain Tucker bronze, grease polished iron...
-Bronzing Medals - Burnt Cast-Steel - To Restore
Bronzing Medals First clean the medal, then apply on its surface a thin paste made of water with equal parts of peroxide of iron and plumbago, with a small proportion of clay. Heat the whole, and w...
-Burnt Steel Tools - To Restore - Cement - Fire-Proof
Burnt Steel Tools - To Restore To restore burnst steel tools, melt together 4 ounces of black pitch and 1 pound tallow, and then add, with constant stirring, 4 ounces of yellow prussiate of potash,...
-Cement - Fire And Water Proof - Cement For Casings
Cement - Fire And Water Proof (4) A fire and water proof cement is made by stirring intimately together 2 parts iron filings free from oxide. 5 parts of clay thoroughly dried and pulverized, 1/2 pa...
-Cement For Cast-Iron Tanks - Cement For Heated Objects
Cement For Cast-Iron Tanks The following cement is recommended for repairing damaged places in cast-iron tanks, cisterns, etc.: Five parts brimstone, 2 parts black lead, and 2 parts of cast-iron fi...
-Cement For Iron Cisterns - Cement For Leaky Boilers
Cement For Iron Cisterns A good cement for iron cisterns is made as follows: Finest iron filings are mixed with vinegar into a paste, which is left to stand until it becomes brown; the mass is then...
-Cement For Luting Crucible Lids - Cement For Repairing Iron Pans
Cement For Luting Crucible Lids For luting crucible lids apply to a concentrated solution of borax a thick paste made from lime freshly slaked to a powder. Allow same to dry slowly and heat as cust...
-Cement For Reservoir Joints - Cement For Tin And Glass
Cement For Reservoir Joints (1) For cementing steam joints of iron and water joints, mix iron filings with sulphuric acid, diluted with 1 part acid to 30 parts of water or with wine vinegar, and pa...
-Cement For Tinfoil - Cementing Brass On Glass
Cement For Tinfoil For a cement which will attach tinfoil to paper or other articles, dissolve caustic soda in twice its weight of water; add rye flour until no more of the flour will dissolve, add...
-Cementing Cracks In Stoves - Cementing Steam Pipes
Cementing Cracks In Stoves A paste of equal parts of sifted ashes, clay and salt, and a little water, cements cracks in stoves and ovens. Cementing Glass Into Metal (1) Melt carefully 40 ...
-Cementing Thin Metal Sheets - Cement - Joint
Cementing Thin Metal Sheets To cement thin metal sheets, dissolve isinglass cut into little pieces in a small amount of water at a moderate heat, small portions of nitric acid being added, the dete...
-Cement - Metal - Chrysorin
Cement - Metal Is composed of antimony (3 parts), lead (8 parts), bismuth (1 part). Cement - Oil The oil cements require two or three years to set. The best cement of this kind is compose...
-Church Bells - Repairing - Cleaning Old Brass
Church Bells - Repairing To repair cracked church-bells so that their tone will be as good as new, put a furnace in the middle of the bell so as to heat same, and after fusion of the edges of the c...
-Cleaning Polishing Leather - Coating Surfaces With Glass
Cleaning Polishing Leather To clean polishing leather prepare a weak solution of soda in warm water, rub soap on polishing leather and allow same to soak for several hours. Then wash thoroughly and...
-Coating With Zinc - Coloring Copper Brown
Coating With Zinc For coating with zinc large pieces that cannot conveniently be put in a bath: Mix powdered zinc with linseed oil and a dryer so as to make a kind of paint that can be applied with...
-Coloring Solder - Copper Resinate
Coloring Solder Dissolve five cents' worth of sulphate of copper in just as little water as possible. Solder smoothly, polish very bright with a cloth, and with a stick wet the solder with the solu...
-Correcting Bad Smells - Delalot's Alloy
Correcting Bad Smells To correct any bad smell which may arise in a tin-shop place coffee in an iron vessel over the fire, close all doors and windows, and let the coffee burn until the room is tho...
-Delta Metal - Enameling Ironware With Porcelain
Delta Metal Delta metal is an alloy of zinc, iron and copper, to which, during fusion, phosphorus is added, and then, according to the use it is to be put, further additions of tin, lead and mangan...
-Enamel - Test For - Fastening Knife And Fork Handles
Enamel - Test For To test the enamel of ordinary kitchen utensils for the presence of lead, apply a drop of concentrated nitric acid to the enamel of the vessel, first carefully cleaning same, and ...
-Fastening Leather To Iron - Ferrous Sulphate
Fastening Leather To Iron To fasten leather to iron, digest one part of crushed nut-galls for six hours with eight of distilled water, and strain the mass. Soak glue in its own weight of water for ...
-Filing Cast-Iron, Bronze Or Brass - German Britannia Metal
Filing Cast-Iron, Bronze Or Brass In filing large surfaces of cast-iron, bronze or brass, a file with keen cutting teeth is required; use a new file on such surfaces. On narrow surfaces a file that...
-Glazing Metals - Gold-Colored Surface On Brass
Glazing Metals A mixture of 20 parts of carbonate of soda. 11 of boracic acid, and 125 of broken (flint) glass and melted, and the mass poured out on a stone or plate of metal. When cold it is pulv...
-Gold - Genuine - Test For - Hardening Compound For Steel
Gold - Genuine - Test For To test gold for its genuineness, dissolve in chlorine water and the resultant solution will possess a slightly yellowing color. Gold Salt Gold salt is prepared ...
-Hardening Compound For Steel And Wrought Iron - Ink - Carmine
Hardening Compound For Steel And Wrought Iron A good hardening compound for steel and wrought iron consists of the following parts, all pulverized and mixed intimately, viz.: One part each of saltp...
-Ink - Copying - Ink For Writing On Tin
Ink - Copying Ink for copying without a press: A regular copying outfit is desirable and most satisfactory for this purpose, but not absolutely essential. Mixing a little glycerine into the ink wit...
-Ink For Writing On Zinc - Japan - Black Grounds For
Ink For Writing On Zinc To write on zinc first clean the surface of the zinc by rubbing with a sponge which has been plunged in dilute hydro-chloric acid and fine sand. Next dissolve 1 ounce and 4 ...
-Japan Grounds-Blue - Japan - Purple
Japan Grounds-Blue Blue japan grounds may be formed of bright Prussian blue. The color may be mixed with shellac varnish, and brought to a polishing state by five or six coats of varnish of seed la...
-Japan-Scarlet - Keeping Polished Edges From Rusting
Japan-Scarlet Ground vermilion may be used for this, but being so glaring it is not beautiful unless covered over with rose-pink or lake, which have a good effect when thus used. For a very bright ...
-Keeping Tinware Bright - Lacquer For Dipped Brass
Keeping Tinware Bright To keep tinware nice and bright scour it every two or three weeks with finely sifted coal ashes. Keller's Britannia Metal Keller's Britannia Metal is composed of: ...
-Lacquer For Polished Brass - Lettering Upon Steel
Lacquer For Polished Brass The first requisite is to see that the article of polished brass to be lacquered is sufficiently heated to retain the lacquer. This may be done by keeping the surface at ...
-Lining Iron With Porcelain - Malleable Britannia Metal
Lining Iron With Porcelain The white enamel for hollow ware is made of powdered flints, ground with calcined borax, fine clay and a little feldspar. This mixture is made into a paste with water, an...
-Manufacture Of Metal Pipes - Mending Granite Ware
Manufacture Of Metal Pipes To make metal pipes, bend a piece of soft steel to a pipe so that both edges lie close together, then polish same and coat with copper in a suitable cyanide solution. If ...
-Mending Iron Pots And Pans - Muntz Metal
Mending Iron Pots And Pans To mend iron pots and pans, partially melt two parts of sulphur and add one part of fine black lead. Mix well, pour on stone, cool and break in pieces. Use like solder wi...
-Neogen - Oxidizing Silver Or Copper
Neogen Neogen is an alloy consisting of: 1/2 part Aluminum, 1/2 part Bismuth, 2 parts Tin, 12 parts Nickel, 27 parts Zinc, 58 parts Copper. Newton's Metal Is composed of tin (3 parts),...
-Oxidizing Zinc - Paste Metal Polish
Oxidizing Zinc The color of zinc may be changed by immersing the zinc in a mixture of 100 parts sulphuric acid, 100 parts nitric acid, and common salt 1 per cent. After remaining a little while in ...
-Pasting Labels On Tin - Phosphide Of Tin
Pasting Labels On Tin For pasting labels on tin, use the following: (1) Four parts shellac, 2 parts borax, 30 parts water; boil until the shellac is dissolved. (2) Add 4 ounces dammar varnish...
-Pickling Castings - Polishing Balls For Silver
Pickling Castings For pickling casting to remove the scale prepare a bath in a vessel (lined with lead) of 3 parts muriatic acid to 1 of water, and leave from five to twenty minutes. Picklin...
-Polishing Brass - Polishing Paste For Brass
Polishing Brass To polish brass, use ordinary whiting or chalk and a damp cotton or woolen cloth. If the metal is stained or tarnished, then use rotten stone and oil on a cloth, and finish with whi...
-Polishing Paste For Silvering - Polishing Steel
Polishing Paste For Silvering For a polish paste for silver, take a few drops of essence of mirbane and perfume with same 3 parts of vaseline, mixing into this 1 part of burnt hartshorn, 1 part cut...
-Polishing Steel Objects - Preserving Polished Iron Surfaces
Polishing Steel Objects To polish steel objects, use a wheel or disk made of 16 parts of tin, 1 of zinc, to the flat side of which jewelers' rouge wet with alcohol is applied. Dry articles and burn...
-Preventing Rust In Iron And Steel Goods - Prussiate Of Silver
Preventing Rust In Iron And Steel Goods For the purpose of preventing steel goods and ground hollow ware, also halter chains, etc., from rusting while exhibited as samples, and which is cheap and w...
-Pulverizing Solder - Removing Mineral Oil Or Wax Spots
Pulverizing Solder To pulverize solder or block tin, melt the metal, but do not let it get any hotter than barely to liquefy it; pour it out into an old ticking apron, gather up the corners and rub...
-Removing Old Putty - Removing Tarnish From Gold After Hard Soldering
Removing Old Putty Any one who has tried to remove old, dry putty from a window will agree that it is far from being a pleasant job. An easy way to accomplish it is to pass a hot iron, as a solderi...
-Repairing Leaky Gutters - Rusted Screws - Loosening
Repairing Leaky Gutters To repair leaky gutters while constantly filling with water from melting snow and ice, when you cannot bail the water out fast enough to enable you to solder the broken seam...
-Rust - Freeing Polished Steel Articles From - Scratch-Brushing
Rust - Freeing Polished Steel Articles From To remove rust from polished steel articles the spots affected should be soaked for several days with oil, and then scoured with tripoli and oil, or with...
-Screws - To Prevent From Rusting - Silvering Cast Iron
Screws - To Prevent From Rusting To prevent screws from rusting in machines and other metal work subject to exposure to moist air or heat, dip them before use in a thin paste consisting of oil of g...
-Silvering Cast Zinc - Similor
Silvering Cast Zinc The dark colors in silvered cast zinc articles are obtained by coating same with a solution of liver of sulphur, and also by rubbing with graphite. Silvering Mirrors I...
-Soap For Metal Work - Solder - Bismuth
Soap For Metal Work A soap for metal work is as follows: The basis is cocoanut oil. Its ingredients are cocoanut oil, 2.5 kilos; chalk, 180 grins.; and alum, cream of tartar and white lead, of each...
-Solder For Britannia Metal - Solder For Iron And Steel Instruments
Solder For Britannia Metal For Britannia metal a solder is used consisting of 1 part lead and 2 parts tin, with resin or chloride of zinc as a flux. The proportion of soft solder is made by first m...
-Solder For Nickel - Soldering Aluminum With A Soldering-Iron
Solder For Nickel The following has proved a good formula for making solder for nickel: For fine or high-grade nickel, 3 parts yellow brass, 1 part coin silver. For low-grade nickel, 15 parts ye...
-Soldering - Autogenous - Soldering Fat
Soldering - Autogenous Autogenous soldering is accomplished by the fusion of the edges of the two metallic articles without the employment of another metallic alloy as a band of union. This is done...
-Soldering Fluid - Soldering Saws
Soldering Fluid A soft soldering fluid that will not rust tools is found in oleic acid (crude). (2) For soldering fluid take one drachm each of powdered copperas, borax, and prussiate of potash;...
-Soldering Without A Soldering-Iron - Speculum Metal
Soldering Without A Soldering-Iron For soldering without a soldering-iron, use a fine solder composed of: 1 part Tin, 2 parts Bismuth, 2 parts Lead. Next solder a piece with solder compose...
-Staining Wood Black - Tempering Magnets
Staining Wood Black Almost any wood can be dyed black by the following: means: Take logwood extract, powder 1 ounce and boil it in 3 1/4 pints of water; when the extract is dissolved, add 1 drachm ...
-Tempering Mining Picks - Tinning Band Iron
Tempering Mining Picks To temper mining picks heat them in charcoal fire until red-hot and then immerse in cold rain water and keep there until nearly cold. The use of salt water for this tempering...
-Tinning Brass And Copper Vessels - Tin Putty
Tinning Brass And Copper Vessels For tinning brass and copper vessels: The plates or vessels of brass or copper boiled with a solution of stannate of potassia, mixed with turnings of tin, become, i...
-Tin Salt - Transfer Composition
Tin Salt Tin salt is made by the dissolution of granulated tin in hot hydro-chloric acid, the solution being evaporated to a syrupy consistency and then crystallized. Tin - Test For To te...
-Transfer Paper For Metallic Patterns - Varnish - Black, For Steel And Iron
Transfer Paper For Metallic Patterns A transfer paper for copying metallic patterns or monumental inscriptions may be made by rubbing a mixture of black lead and soap over the surface of silver pap...
-Varnish - Black, For Stoves - Varnish For Polished Edges
Varnish - Black, For Stoves To make a brilliant black varnish for stoves and fire-places, ivory black stirred into ordinary shellac varnish is said to answer the purpose well. Varnish - Copa...
-Varnish For Machinery - Welding Compound For Steel To Steel
Varnish For Machinery A varnish for machinery and foundry patterns, which dries as soon as put on, gives the patterns a smooth surface, thus insuring an easy slip out of the mold, prevents the patt...
-Welding Copper - Whitewash That Will Stick And Wash
Welding Copper The ingredients of a mixture for welding copper are; 2 parts Boric Acid, 1 part Soda Phosphate. Welding Steel To Steel The following compound is useful for welding st...









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