Newspapers are used by everyone to protect tables and floors. They are now being used instead of drawing paper for crayon drawings and calcimine paintings., A variety of useful things may also be made effectively and inexpensively from old newspapers.
Use the classified ad section or some part on which there is no large printing or pictures. With the flat side of a small piece of black crayon draw in the design. Animals, people, flowers, trees, houses or other things may be used. Draw margin around picture to serve as a frame. Keep the margin quite close to the design as this will help to hold the composition together. The drawing may be painted with watercolors when finished. The crayon will keep the colors from running into each other. Trim the edges to the margin. Suitable for all grades.
Punch two holes at the top of a section of a newspaper (about four thicknesses) through which slip the ends of a cloth strip one inch wide, torn from an old garment. Pull the strip up so it will just go over the head. Sew ends firmly to back of paper. Punch two holes at waist line and slip in two strips of cloth, like the first, sew firmly. These tie behind the back. If the classified ad section is used it has a soft gray tone and may have bright borders drawn on with crayon. Suitable for lower grades.
Tear newspapers into small bits (about one inch square), pour on hot water to cover and let soak about twenty four hours. Squeeze out the pulp. Use three parts pulp, one part flour and one-third part salt. Mix flour and salt with a little water then add the pulp and more water if needed. This mixture is called papier mache. Model the map with the papier mache over an outline drawn on heavy cardboard or wood. If desired paint when dry using colored calcomine paints or white calcimine colored with chalk (see page 22). Soiled paper towels may be used instead of newspapers. Suitable for middle and upper grades.
Newspaper apron with decoration in crayon.
Make a frame for the body (including the head) using any kind of wire that can be bent with the hands. Bend it as shown on page 28, being sure to make loops for holding papier mache at head, feet and hands. Avoid long, straight wires as they will not hold the papier mache. Make papier mache by using pulp as described for relief maps and mixing it with enough paste to make a good modeling substance. For animals model entire figure over the frame using the paper mache. Animals' tails may be made of string or rope. Model the doll's head over a roll or wad of newspaper. Model hands and feet and cover the body with rags so it can be bent to any desired position when finished. Let papier mache dry and paint with colored calcimine, white calcimine colored with chalk (see page 22) or house paint. Fruits and vegetables may be modeled from papier mache using a wad of newspaper for the core. Heads for puppets may be made from this also. Suitable for all grades.
Use a plate or bowl for a mold. If a bowl is used choose one with a flare at the top so the paper bowl can slip off when finished. Cut newspaper into strips one-half to one inch wide. Wet some of the strips in water and put a layer all over the outside of the bowl, strips should overlap each other slightly. Let the ends project over edge of bowl and inside about one inch. Put on a second layer of strips but wet them in paste and let them run the opposite direction from the first layer. Put on ten layers of strips. If the layers are alternate colors of newspaper it will facilitate the work. Let the piece dry on the mold. When dry lift up edges of paper and cut away to edge of bowl. Sandpaper and paint using white house paint or enamel colored with chalk (see page 21). Designs may be painted on after the first covering of paint is dry. Suitable for middle and upper grades.
Papier mache dolls and animals showing wire frame. Papier mache bowl showing steps in pasting on strips of newspaper.
Drawing made with the flat side of a short piece of crayon on newspaper.
Vases, Lamp Bases, Fruits, Vegetables and Other Objects
Make these similar to bowls by putting on layers of strips of newspaper all over the object. Only four layers of strips are needed for fruits and vegetables. When dried the paper shell is cut open, stuffed with newspaper wads and fastened together with more strips. Dry and sandpaper. Calcimine or house paint colored with chalk (see page 22) may be used to finish. Suitable for all grades.