Draw the shape of the article and the design using white chalk on wrapping paper. Make the design as a silhouette in black and white only. Be sure to allow a margin around the edges. The design and margin will remain as they are, the background will be carved away. Trace the shape to the end of an apple or orange box or other soft wood. Cut out the shape and sandpaper. Trace the design to the wood and with a paring knife or jack knife cut straight down around the edges of the design to keep the wood from splitting while carving. Carve out the background of the design by chipping away small particles of the wood, giving a rough effect over the surface. Do not try to carve away the wood or make it smooth, the chipped roughness gives an interesting texture. When all carving is done paint the rough part (background) with water-color paints using only light colors. When this is dry paint the design, margin and edge of wood with black enamel or house paint. Black watercolor paint may be used if applied very dry. For the book ends nail a piece of tin from an old sign or large tin can to the bottom, paint the back of the wood and top of the tin and cover the bottom of the tin with a piece of felt from an old hat. Tiles and wall panels may be carved the same way and may be finished on the back as shown on page 147. A coat of shellac or varnish will make these articles more durable. Suitable for upper grades.
Draw the shape of the article and a simple line design on wrapping paper. Trace the shape to a piece of wood from the end of an apple or orange box, cut out and sandpaper. Trace the design to the wood. Use small finishing nail and hammer for the punch work. Set the nail on the line of the design, head down, hit the sharp end of the nail with the hammer. The round head makes a small depression in the wood. Make these holes about one-fourth inch apart on all the lines of the design. When all punching is done paint between the lines with water-color, using any colors. A coat of shellac or varnish will add to the serviceability of the articles. Finish tiles by tacking or gluing small discs of felt on the back as shown on page 147. Book ends and wall panels are finished as shown on pages 144 and 147. Suitable for middle and upper grades.
Tile with design punched with the head of a nail. Wooden wall panel colored with crayon. Details showing how to finish back of panel and tile.
Draw the shape of the article and design on a piece of wrapping paper with white chalk. Cut the shape from a piece of soft wood from the end of an orange or apple box and sandpaper. Trace the design to the wood and color in the parts with crayon, rubbing well into the wood. When design is covered with crayon place clean wrapping paper over it and press with a hot iron. This will set the crayon in the wood. Light parts of the design may be painted with watercolor after the crayon has been set. A coat of shellac or varnish will make the article more durable. Finish the wall panel for hanging by tying a piece of string to a tack in the back. Finish tiles and book ends as shown on pages 147 and 144. Suitable for middle and upper grades.
Inside view of an apple-box moving picture or strip show, showing four broom stick reels and wrapping paper film. Theatre completed with arch and film in place.
Use an apple or orange box for the theatre. Nail in two stationary pieces of broom stick around which the film will pass. Put in two more pieces of broom stick by passing them through two holes in the top of the box and nailing them to the bottom so that they can move. These are closer together and slightly behind the two stationary sticks and are used as reels for winding the film. Two pieces of wood to serve as handles may be nailed to the tops of these movable sticks. For the film use a piece of wrapping paper ten inches wide and as long as desired. Draw pictures to fit a space about nine inches by fourteen inches, which will be the size of the opening through which they will be seen. Draw pictures in white chalk then color with crayon.
Explanatory legends may be written or printed in bold letters between the pictures or the children may talk with the pictures and have no lettering on the film. Make the arch from heavy or light cardboard, keeping it simple and just large enough to show the pictures advantageously. Nail it to the front of the box. Paint the outside of the theatre with calcimine or house paint or cover with wrapping or wall paper. Suitable for all grades.
Puppet theatre showing apple or orange box in place on top of wooden frame. Curtains and strings in place. Detail shows completed theatre.
Use an orange or apple box for the theatre. From one side take off all the boards except a narrow one near the top, this is for the open floor of the theatre. Nail the box to the top of a frame of boards made as shown on page 152. Cover the frame with paper or cloth, black is best because it absorbs light. Dyed flour sacks or gunny sack may be used. The children stand under this frame to operate the puppets. Make the theatre curtain from dyed flour sacks, fasten rings or loops of wire or heavy cord to the top of it and slide on a heavy tight wire near the top and front edge of the theatre. For opening and closing the curtains sew three pieces of cord or light rope to the rings as shown on page 152. Put a valance of cloth or cardboard across the top front of the stage to hide the tops of the curtains. Stage scenery may be made on wrapping paper and tacked around the inside of the box. Wings may be made of cardboard and tacked to the sides of the box. Stage properties may also be tacked to the sides of the box or may be fastened to sticks and held in place by hand or sticks may be long enough so that they may be nailed to a block of wood on the floor. See pages 53, 75 and 117 for the construction of puppets. Suitable for all grades.